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Articles by Z. Yang
Total Records ( 4 ) for Z. Yang
  C. Zhu , J. Yu , Z. Yang , K. Davis , H. Rios , B. Wang , G. Glenn and E. C. Boedeker
  Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) strains are important human food-borne pathogens. EHEC strains elaborate potent Shiga toxins (Stx1, and/or Stx2) implicated in the development of hemorrhagic colitis (HC) or hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS). In this report, we evaluated the immunogenicity and protective efficacy of Stx1 subunit B (StxB1) administered by transcutaneous immunization (TCI). Three groups of Dutch Belted rabbits received patches containing StxB1, StxB1 in combination with Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin (LT), or LT alone. An additional group of naïve rabbits served as controls. The protective efficacy following TCI with StxB1 was assessed by challenging rabbits with a virulent Stx1-producing strain, RDEC-H19A, capable of inducing HC and HUS in rabbits. Antibodies specific to StxB1 from serum and bile samples were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and toxin neutralization test. Rabbits immunized with StxB1 demonstrated improved weight gain and reduced Stx-induced histopathology. Rabbits receiving StxB or StxB1/LT showed a significant increase in serum immunoglobulin G titers specific to StxB1 as well as toxin neutralization titers. These data demonstrated that the StxB delivered by TCI could induce significant systemic immune responses. Thus, Stx subunit B vaccine delivered by a patch for a high-risk population may be a practical approach to prevent (and/or reduce) Stx-induced pathology.
  H. Yang , Y. Wei , X. Gao , X. Xu , L. Fan , J. He , Y. Hu , X. Liu , X. Chen , Z. Yang and C. Zhang
  Aims  To determine the incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in China and to further identify population specific risk factors for GDM.

Methods  Following a universal GDM screening recommendation, 16 286 pregnant women who underwent a 50-g glucose challenge test from 18 cities in China were followed up through pregnancy. GDM was confirmed by oral glucose tolerance test according to American Diabetes Association criteria.

Results  The incidence of GDM was 4.3%. Previously reported risk factors for GDM, including advanced maternal age, pre-pregnancy obesity and family history of diabetes, were strongly associated with an elevated GDM risk. Moreover, after the adjustment for the above-mentioned risk factors, a history of recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis, residency in south China and a history of spontaneous abortion were significantly associated with an increased GDM risk; adjusted odds ratio (OR) [95% confidence interval (95% CI)] were 1.97 (1.39, 2.80), 1.84 (1.59-2.13), and 1.46 (1.12, 1.91), respectively.

Conclusions  In this large study of GDM in Chinese women, advanced maternal age, pre-pregnancy overweight or obesity and family history of diabetes were confirmed to be risk factors. In addition, a history of recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis or spontaneous abortion and residency in south China appeared to be novel risk factors in this population.

  L. Chen , Q. Li , Z. Yang , Z. Ye , Y. Huang , M. He , J. Wen , X. Wang , B. Lu , J. Hu , C. Liu , C. Ling , S. Qu and R. Hu
  Aim  To assess the relationship between serum total osteocalcin and measurements of adiposity, glucose tolerance, lipid profile, adipokine and chronic low-grade inflammation in middle-aged and elderly Chinese subjects.

Methods  We performed a cross-sectional community-based study in central Shanghai. Serum total osteocalcin was measured by radioimmunoassay in 783 men and 946 post-menopausal women. Their associations with measurements of adiposity, glucose tolerance, lipid profile and chronic low-grade inflammation were examined.

Results  Serum total osteocalcin levels revealed a sexual dimorphism, with post-menopausal women having significantly higher levels than men (< 0.001). Serum osteocalcin levels of participants with self-reported cardiovascular disease were significantly lower (= 0.044) than those without. In men, serum osteocalcin levels of participants with the metabolic syndrome were significantly lower than those without the metabolic syndrome (= 0.036). Serum osteocalcin correlated negatively with fasting serum insulin, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, alanine aminotransferase, triglycerides and total cholesterol, and positively with homeostasis model assessment of β-cell function in both men and post-menopausal women (all < 0.05). In men, serum osteocalcin correlated negatively with BMI, diastolic blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose and 2-h oral glucose tolerance test glucose after adjustment for age (all < 0.05). In post-menopausal women, serum osteocalcin correlated negatively with waist-hip ratio, LDL cholesterol and C-reactive protein, and positively with adiponectin (all < 0.05). Serum osteocalcin was not associated with CXC chemokine ligand 5 level (> 0.05). Alanine aminotransferase was an independent predictor of serum osteocalcin in both men and post-menopausal women (both < 0.001). Adiponectin was an independent predictor of serum osteocalcin in post-menopausal women (= 0.011). Serum osteocalcin was an independent predictor of homeostasis model assessment of β-cell function in both genders (both < 0.05).


  H. Jin , F. Zhiyi , Z. Yang , C. Ruicheng and Z. Lu
  In broadcast and mobile systems, large-scale and scalable protocols are needed to guarantee reliability and provide function of congestion control. ALC (Asynchronous Layered Coding) was designed to meet that, Nonetheless, the drawbacks of it are obviously such as the end-to-end reliability can`t be guaranteed, the document to be sent and its attributes are separated. So, FLUTE (File Delivery over Unidirectional Transport) is defined based on ALC which can avoid the shortcomings of ALC by the mechanism of FDT. In this study, we tested and evaluated the client-side programs based on FLUTE to confirm that it can meet the user’s needs. The correctness of the software exploited in this study also has been proved by applying in the European Union`s INSTINCT- WORLD project.
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