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Articles by Z. Salem
Total Records ( 2 ) for Z. Salem
  M. Rezaeian , G. Hassanshahi , Z. Salem , A. Shamsaee , A. Tourousian , R. Hazare and S.Z. Tabatabai
  Anthropometric studies in Afghan immigrants in Iran have not been yet performed; therefore the aim of the present study is to identify Body Mass Index (BMI) in a sample of Afghan immigrant children in Iran during the year 2005. In this cross-sectional study 606 Afghan children aged between 6-14 years have been randomly selected within Shahriar County of Tehran Province of Iran and their weight and height have been measured. Then, using BMI formula BMI = Weight (kg)/Height (m2) their BMI was calculated and based on CDC (Centers for Disease and Prevention Control) indices, children were categorized as: under weight, normal and obese. Results of this study showed that 97 cases (16%) had low weight whereas, 429 cases (81.2%) had normal weight and 17 cases (2.8%) had over weight. More percentage of girls had lower weight than the boys (15.2 versus 16.9%), Afghan children who were born in Iran had also lower weight (17.3%) than those who were born in Afghanistan (15.2%) and third and upper birth order children had lower weight compared to first and second birth order (17 versus 15.3%). However, none of these differences were statistically significant. The researchers suggest that due to high incidence of malnutrition in Afghan immigrant children in Iran interventional and educational programs are needed in order to improve their level of health and nutritional status.
  G.R. Asadi karam , Z. Salem , S. Nakhlestanei , M. Sirati Sabet , M. Mahmoodi , A. Rezaee and H.R. Alavi
  Moslems believe that Islam is the most perfect religion and Qur'an the most perfect book that explains all human needs with the best style and there isn't any defect in Islam and Qur'an. The Holy Qur'an says; let man consider his food. Therefore we have decided to investigate the nutritional roles of those foods stated in Qur'an and their biochemical compounds. Almost all diet that is known as complete food today, mentioned in Qur'an and their advantages explained occasionally. A number of verses justified some differences that there were in divine religions about food consumption and a few explained advantages and disadvantages of certain nutrients and drinks such as wine. However according to our knowledge about nutritional roles of food in Qur'an it could be concluded their importance in health and prevention of disorders. Nevertheless, Islam has stressed on health and ordered to save it as a deposit, so the foods mentioned in Qur'an might have a lot of advantages, for example the best oil that has protective role in atherosclerosis is olive oil that is contain of a lot of ω9 fatty acids, researchers say today, olive is mentioned several times in Holy Qur'an. It is more possible that many unknown advantages in olive and other Qur'an's nutrients exist that will be revealed in future. Therefore Moslem scientists have an important duty to reveal a part of these unknowns.
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