Asian Science Citation Index is committed to provide an authoritative, trusted and significant information by the coverage of the most important and influential journals to meet the needs of the global scientific community.  
ASCI Database
308-Lasani Town,
Sargodha Road,
Faisalabad, Pakistan
Fax: +92-41-8815544
Contact Via Web
Suggest a Journal
Articles by Z. Paknahad
Total Records ( 2 ) for Z. Paknahad
  Z. Paknahad , S. Mahboob , N. Omidvar , M. Ebrahimi , A. Ostadrahimi and Sh. Afiatmilani
  Obesity is an important risk factor for many chronic diseases, BMI is an indicator for total body fat determination. Reports in Iran indicate that nearly 20% of middle age persons are obese and 40% are overweight. Other studies also reported iron deficiency anemia in women Obese women appear to have greater iron stores than do nonobese women. This cross-sectional survey consisted 1049 non pregnant-non lactating 15-49 years old women living in East Azarbaijan (Iran) which selected as random clustering suggested. Demographic Data was collected by questionnaire. Body weight and height was measured. Hb, Hct and MCV were measured in the fasting state. Means of age, parity was 28.8 and 3.94 respectively. The subjects were divided into quartiles of age, weight, BMI and childbearing number. Analysis of these classifications showed that means of Hb and Hct were significantly different between BMI quartiles and only Hct was significantly different between weight quartiles (p < 0.05). Discussion: Policy implications might include the development and implementation of programs to prevent excessive gestational weight gain and promote postpartum weight loss via dietary change and physical activity, concomitant with exclusive breast feeding. Because iron deficiency and excess are both probably undesirable, it would be of great help to identify more precisely populations at risk of iron deficiency; iron supplementation could then be more personalized.
  Z. Paknahad , R. Mahdavi , S. Mahboob , S.J. Ghaemmaghami and N. Omidvar
  Iron and zinc are essential micronutrients for human health. Deficiencies in these 2 nutrients remain a global problem, especially among women and children in developing countries. Many studies indicate the low zinc intakes among premenopausal women and avoidance of meat intake is characterized as one of the main causes. However, it seems dietary zinc reduces iron biochemical indices including ferritin, Hct, Hb, MCV, Transferrin Saturation. This study is an analytical cross-sectional survey and the sample concluded 170 premenopausal women and was a subgroup of the population that was studied in “Evaluation of intervention methods to preventing of Iron deficiency Anemia Research”. The data on demographic and food consumption were gathered by related questionnaire. Serum zinc was measured by atomic absorption and other iron related biochemical parameters were measured by their specific related kits. Data was analyzed by food processor 2 and SPSS 10 Softwares. Mean of dietary intake of iron and zinc was 24.51 and 3.45 mg/day respectively. Mean of daily calory intake was 1708.55 Kcal among subjects. Serum zinc was significantly correlated with hematocrit and hemoglobin (P was 0.027 and 0.02 respectively). Analysis of regression between serum zinc and dietary factors including calory, protein, iron, fiber, zinc, vitamin C also showed the significant correlation between serum zinc and dietary vitamin C (r = 0.30, p = 0.026). Among the iron biochemical indices, hematocrit and hemoglobin were significantly correlated with dietary zinc (p was 0.03 and 0.02 respectively). Mean of serum zinc was significantly different between anemic and non anemic groups, but normal, anemic and iron deficient anemic groups did not show significantly difference about serum zinc. Our results indicated that mean of dietary zinc is lower than RDA among the women and this is confirmed by the NHANESII results. At the other hand, the significant relationship between zinc and Hb, Hct, vitamin C would explain the role of vitamin C in enhancing their bioavailability.
Copyright   |   Desclaimer   |    Privacy Policy   |   Browsers   |   Accessibility