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Articles by Z. Dong
Total Records ( 4 ) for Z. Dong
  K. M Lee , K. W Lee , S Byun , S. K Jung , S. K Seo , Y. S Heo , A. M Bode , H. J Lee and Z. Dong
 

Nontoxic small molecules with multitargeting effects are believed to have potential in cancer prevention. Dietary phytochemicals were shown to exhibit cancer-preventive effects attributed to their antioxidant capacities. In this report, we show that the natural compound 5-deoxykaempferol (5-DK) exerts a chemopreventive effect on UVB-induced skin carcinogenesis by targeting multiple signaling molecules. 5-DK suppressed the UVB-induced expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and vascular endothelial growth factor in mouse skin epidermal JB6 P+ cells. Moreover, 5-DK inhibited phosphorylation of MKK3/6, MKK4, and Akt, but had no effect on phosphorylation of Src, extracellular signal–regulated kinases, or ribosomal S6 kinase (RSK). However, 5-DK affected multiple targets by reducing Src, phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), and RSK2 activities. In particular, pull-down assays revealed that 5-DK specifically bound to and competed with ATP for binding with Src, PI3K, and RSK2. Exposure to 5-DK significantly suppressed UVB-induced tumorigenesis in mouse skin in a dose-dependent manner, and it inhibited the UVB-induced expression of COX-2, proliferating cell nuclear antigen, vascular endothelial growth factor, and matrix metalloproteinase-9. Our data suggest that 5-DK docks at the ATP-binding site of Src, PI3K, and RSK2. For RSK2, the ATP-binding site is located between the N- and C-lobes of the kinase domain. Taken together, our results indicate that 5-DK holds promise for the treatment of UVB-induced skin cancer by targeting Src, PI3K, and RSK2 signaling. Cancer Prev Res; 3(4); 454–65. ©2010 AACR.

  J. H Shim , Z. Y Su , J. I Chae , D. J Kim , F Zhu , W. Y Ma , A. M Bode , C. S Yang and Z. Dong
 

Green tea is a highly popular beverage globally. Green tea contains a number of polyphenol compounds referred to as catechins, and (–)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) is believed to be the major biologically active compound found in green tea. EGCG has been reported to suppress lung cancer, but the molecular mechanisms of the inhibitory effects of EGCG are not clear. We found that EGCG interacted with the Ras–GTPase-activating protein SH3 domain-binding protein 1 (G3BP1) with high binding affinity (Kd = 0.4 µmol/L). We also showed that EGCG suppressed anchorage-independent growth of H1299 and CL13 lung cancer cells, which contain an abundance of the G3BP1 protein. EGCG was much less effective in suppressing anchorage-independent growth of H460 lung cancer cells, which express much lower levels of G3BP1. Knockdown shG3BP1-transfected H1299 cells exhibited substantially decreased proliferation and anchorage-independent growth. shG3BP1 H1299 cells were resistant to the inhibitory effects of EGCG on growth and colony formation compared with shMock-transfected H1299 cells. EGCG interfered with the interaction of G3BP1 and the Ras–GTPase-activating protein and further suppressed the activation of Ras. Additional results revealed that EGCG effectively attenuated G3BP1 downstream signaling, including extracellular signal-regulated kinase and mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase, in wild-type H1299 and shMock H1299 cells but had little effect on H460 or shG3BP1 H1299 cells. Overall, these results strongly indicate that EGCG suppresses lung tumorigenesis through its binding with G3BP1. Cancer Prev Res; 3(5); 670–9. ©2010 AACR.

  Y. J Surh , A. M Bode and Z. Dong
 

This perspective on Liby et al. (beginning on page 1427 in this issue of the journal) discusses the importance of the finding that two synthetic triterpenoids prolonged survival in a pancreatic cancer mouse model. This finding is significant because pancreatic cancer is one of the deadliest human cancers. These compounds inhibited the interaction between NF-B and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3, and determining the mechanisms underlying this inhibition will help to rapidly move these compounds into phase I clinical trials. Cancer Prev Res; 3(11); 1379–81. ©2010 AACR.

  J. Lu , Z. Dong , L. Chen and J. Yu
  We have theoretically and experimentally investigated polarization insensitive of all optical wavelength conversion for polarization multiplexing signal based on four-wave mixing (FWM) in nonlinear optical fiber. Optical polarization multiplexing technique can be used to double the transmission bit rate by adding data on each of two orthogonal optical states. At the receiver side, the two orthogonal signals can be obtained by direct detection. The eye diagrams of the original signals have been probed and compared with the converted one in this experiment. The characteristics of the converted signal have been fully studied and a little crosstalk which leads a better corresponding eye diagram has been obtained after polarization demultiplexing.
 
 
 
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