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Articles by Z. Cheng
Total Records ( 3 ) for Z. Cheng
  K Wang , D Tang , M Wang , J Lu , H Yu , J Liu , B Qian , Z Gong , X Wang , J Chen , M Gu and Z. Cheng
  Kejian Wang, Ding Tang, Mo Wang, Jufei Lu, Hengxiu Yu, Jiafan Liu, Baoxiang Qian, Zhiyun Gong, Xin Wang, Jianmin Chen, Minghong Gu, and Zhukuan Cheng

MER3, a ZMM protein, is required for the formation of crossovers in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Arabidopsis. Here, MER3, the first identified ZMM gene in a monocot, is characterized by map-based cloning in rice (Oryza sativa). The null mutation of MER3 results in complete sterility without any vegetative defects. Cytological analyses show that chiasma frequency is reduced dramatically in mer3 mutants and the remaining chiasmata distribute randomly among different pollen mother cells, implying possible coexistence of two kinds of crossover in rice. Immunocytological analyses reveal that MER3 only exists as foci in prophase I meiocytes. In addition, MER3 does not colocalize with PAIR2 at the beginning of prophase I, but locates on one end of PAIR2 fragments at later stages, whereas MER3 foci merely locate on one end of REC8 fragments when signals start to be seen in early prophase I. The normal loading of PAIR2 and REC8 in mer3...

  M Lin , J. T Hatcher , Q. H Chen , R. D Wurster and Z. Cheng
 

Small conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels (SK) regulate action potential (AP) firing properties and excitability in many central neurons. However, the functional roles of SK channels of parasympathetic cardiac motoneurons (PCMNs) in the nucleus ambiguus have not yet been well characterized. In this study, the tracer X-rhodamine-5 (and 6)-isothiocyanate (XRITC) was injected into the pericardial sac to retrogradely label PCMNs in FVB mice at postnatal days 7–9. Two days later, XRITC-labeled PCMNs in brain stem slices were identified. With the use of whole cell current clamp, single APs and spike trains of different frequencies were evoked by current injections. We found that 1) PCMNs have two different firing patterns: the majority of PCMNs (90%) exhibited spike frequency adaptation (SFA) and the rest (10%) showed less or no adaptation; 2) application of the specific SK channel blocker apamin significantly increased spike half-width in single APs and trains and reduced the spike frequency-dependent AP broadening in trains; 3) SK channel blockade suppressed afterhyperpolarization (AHP) amplitude following single APs and trains and abolished spike-frequency dependence of AHP in trains; and 4) SK channel blockade increased the spike frequency but did not alter the pattern of SFA. Using whole cell voltage clamp, we measured outward currents and afterhyperpolarization current (IAHP). SK channel blockade revealed that SK-mediated outward currents had both transient and persistent components. After bath application of apamin and Ca2+-free solution, we found that apamin-sensitive and Ca2+-sensitive IAHP were comparable, confirming that SK channels may contribute to a major portion of Ca2+-activated K+ channel-mediated IAHP. These results suggest that PCMNs have SK channels that significantly regulate AP repolarization, AHP, and spike frequency but do not affect SFA. We conclude that activation of SK channels underlies one of the mechanisms for negative control of PCMN excitability.

  S.M. Ji , L.S. Li , J.Q. Wen , G.Z. Sha , Z. Cheng , D.R. Cheng , J.S. Chen and Z.H. Liu
  Sirolimus (SRL) is a potent immunosuppressive drug used to prevent acute allograft rejection after renal transplantation. Nevertheless, the occurrence of proteinuria has recently been recognized among patients on SRL-based therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effects of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F. (T II) on proteinuria associated with SRL in renal transplant recipients. According to accepting T II, 36 recipients were divided into 2 groups: T II group (n = 21) and valsartan group (n = 15). The T II group was administered 1 mg/kg/d, and the valsartan group, 80 mg twice per day for 12 months. Efficiency was then evaluated. Complete remission: proteinuria decreased by >50%; partial remission: proteinuria decreased by 20% to 50%; ineffective: proteinuria decreased by <20%. Upon 12-month follow-up, the total effective rates in the T II group and the valsartan group were 95.2% and 86.7% (P < .05), respectively. Twenty of 21 patients with proteinuria in the T II group were negative at 3-month follow-up with disappearance of edema. There were some adverse events that had greater incidence rates in the valsartan group compared with the T II group, such as hyperkalemia (26.7% vs 4.8%). We concluded that the application of T II markedly reduced proteinuria associated with SRL in renal transplant patients.
 
 
 
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