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Articles by Yi-Wei Tang
Total Records ( 5 ) for Yi-Wei Tang
  Medea Gegia , Nino Mdivani , Rodrigo E. Mendes , Haijing Li , Maka Akhalaia , Jian Han , George Khechinashvili and Yi-Wei Tang
  We developed a QIAplex system for the simultaneous detection of 24 Mycobacterium tuberculosis gene mutations responsible for resistance to isoniazid (INH), rifampin (RIF), streptomycin (STM), and ethambutol (EMB) in 196 M. tuberculosis isolates recovered in the Republic of Georgia. In comparison to phenotypic susceptibility tests, the QIAplex showed sensitivity and specificity of 85.4% and 96.1% for INH, 94.4% and 99.4% for RIF, 69.6% and 99.2% for STM, 50.0% and 98.8% for EBM, and 86.7% and 100.0% for multidrug resistance, respectively. The dominant resistance mutations revealed were a mutation in katG resulting in S315T (katG S315T), rpsL K43R, and rpoB S531L. Mutations katG S315G and S315T and rpoB S531L were detected with higher frequencies in pretreated patients than in naive patients (P < 0.05). Simultaneous detection of 24 common drug resistance-related mutations provides a molecular tool for studying and monitoring M. tuberculosis resistance mechanism and epidemiology.
  Qi Zhang , Linhong Wang , Yan Jiang , Liwen Fang , Pinliang Pan , Shuangyan Gong , Jun Yao , Yi-Wei Tang , Sten H. Vermund and Yujiang Jia
  The early detection of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection in infants is complicated by the persistence of maternal antibodies and by diverse HIV-1 subtypes. We developed a nested, three-monoplex HIV-1 DNA PCR (N3M-PCR) assay to detect diverse HIV-1 subtypes in infants born to infected mothers. We optimized the test for use with dried blood spot (DBS) samples for ease of storage and transport from rural China to central laboratories. Six pairs of primers were designed that targeted env, gag, and pol genes, and the test was run in three reactions with an analytical sensitivity of 10 copies DNA per reaction to cover nine HIV-1 subtypes, A, B, C, D, F, G, CRF01-AE, CRF08-BC, and CRF07-BC. The assay performance was evaluated on 347 DBS specimens from 151 exposed infants in four diverse provinces of China in which multiple subtypes were circulating. The results of this test were compared to those of HIV antibody enzyme immunoassay and Western blotting confirmation for the infants at >=18 months of age or to convincing clinical and epidemiologic data for deceased infants. The sensitivity of the N3M-PCR assay was 30.0% (3/10) for infants at 48 h after birth, 91.7% (11/12) at 1 to 2 months of age, and 93.7% (15/16) at 3 to 6 months of age. The specificity was 100% (94/94) at all three time points. The PCR reproducibility in the three DNA regions was 100% for samples at 48 h after birth, 96.7% at 1 to 2 months, and 100% at 3 to 6 months of age. The HIV-1 DNA N3M-PCR assay on DBSs offers a simple and affordable approach for early infant HIV-1 diagnosis in regions with diverse HIV-1 circulating subtypes.
  James Goldmeyer , Haijing Li , Melinda McCormac , Steve Cook , Charles Stratton , Bertrand Lemieux , Huimin Kong , Wen Tang and Yi-Wei Tang
  A simple, rapid, and user-friendly procedure has been developed to identify Staphylococcus aureus and determine its methicillin resistance directly from gram-positive cocci in cluster-containing blood culture medium. The specimens were diluted and heated prior to amplification of the nuc and mecA genes with isothermal helicase-dependent amplification. Amplicons were detected using a disposable detection device. The analytical sensitivity of the assays was 50 CFU per reaction, and the clinical sensitivity and specificity were both 100% for S. aureus detection and 100% and 98% for methicillin resistance determination, respectively.
  Raymond P. Podzorski , Haijing Li , Jian Han and Yi-Wei Tang
  We evaluated the MVPlex assay (Geneco Biomedical Products), which uses target-enriched multiplex PCR amplification followed by liquid array identification, for the detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) from 307 dual-swab specimens. By using a combination of culture (Trypticase soy agar-5% sheep blood agar and Columbia CNA agar-5% sheep blood) and an FDA-approved MRSA PCR assay as the "gold standard," the MVPlex MRSA assay and culture were found to have sensitivities of 97.8% and 84.4% (P = 0.002) and specificities of 95.8% and 98.6% (P < 0.05), respectively.
  Louis Flamand , Annie Gravel , David Boutolleau , Roberto Alvarez-Lafuente , Steve Jacobson , Mauro S. Malnati , Debra Kohn , Yi-Wei Tang , Tetsushi Yoshikawa and Dharam Ablashi
  Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) is a ubiquitous virus with which infections have been associated with pathologies ranging from delayed bone marrow engraftment to a variety of neurological diseases. The lack of a standardized assay that can be used to detect and estimate HHV-6 DNA contents in various clinical specimens can lead and has led to discordant results among investigators and on the potential association of HHV-6 to diseases. To identify the most reliable and sensitive assays, an identical set of 11 coded serum samples spiked with various quantities of the HHV-6A variant (range, 4 to 400,000 genome copies/ml) was sent to eight independent laboratories around the world. Each laboratory was asked to estimate the HHV-6 DNA content by use of its own protocols and assays. Among the various assays, three TaqMan-based real-time PCR assays yielded quantities that were closest to the quantity of HHV-6 that had been spiked. To provide better homogeneity between the results from the different laboratories working on HHV-6, we propose that investigators interested in quantifying HHV-6 in clinical samples adopt one of these assays.
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