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Articles by Yi Pan
Total Records ( 3 ) for Yi Pan
  Wei-Hung Lin , Yuh-Rau Wang , Shi-Jinn Horng , Tzong-Wann Kao and Yi Pan

This paper proposes a blind watermarking algorithm based on maximum wavelet coefficient quantization for copyright protection. The wavelet coefficients are grouped into different block size and blocks are randomly selected from different subbands. We add different energies to the maximum wavelet coefficient under the constraint that the maximum wavelet coefficient is always maximum in a block. The watermark is embedded the local maximum coefficient which can effectively resist attacks. Also, using the block-based watermarking, we can extract the watermark without using the original image or watermark. Experimental results show that the proposed method is quite robust under either non-geometry or geometry attacks.

  Muhammad Qadeer Sharif , Pingzhi Fan and Yi Pan
  Dynamic spectrum allocation is a promising approach toward optimum utilization of rarely used frequency bands. However, to dynamically share the spectrum as a Commons, there are challenges to overcome, such as tendency of greed in holding the spectrum. In particular, under heavy traffic load, a system may hold the spectrum more than its requirement to avoid delay in accessing the spectrum again. This kind of behavior can cause traffic blocking for all other systems participating in the sharing pool and will be more critical for time sensitive applications. Consequently, the awareness of the Average Waiting Time (AWT) and the factors controlling the AWT is crucial for a system to manage its time sensitive traffic. In this paper, analytical and simulation studies are performed to investigate the controlling factors for the AWT, which will be helpful for the systems to manage their time sensitive applications. To eliminate the impact of greed, Greed Elimination Model based on distributed coordination function with upper limit on transmission duration, is presented and analyzed.
  Srinivas R. Pallerla , Roger Lawrence , Lars Lewejohann , Yi Pan , Tobias Fischer , Uwe Schlomann , Xin Zhang , Jeffrey D. Esko and Kay Grobe
  We report the generation and analysis of mutant mice bearing a targeted disruption of the heparan sulfate (HS)-modifying enzyme GlcNAc N-deacetylase/N-sulfotransferase 3 (NDST3). NDST3-/- mice develop normally, are fertile, and show only subtle hematological and behavioral abnormalities in agreement with only moderate HS undersulfation. Compound mutant mice made deficient in NDST2;NDST3 activities also develop normally, showing that both isoforms are not essential for development. In contrast, NDST1-/-;NDST3-/- compound mutant embryos display developmental defects caused by severe HS undersulfation, demonstrating NDST3 contribution to HS synthesis in the absence of NDST1. Moreover, analysis of HS composition in dissected NDST3 mutant adult brain revealed regional changes in HS sulfation, indicating restricted NDST3 activity on nascent HS in defined wild-type tissues. Taken together, we show that NDST3 function is not essential for development or adult homeostasis despite contributing to HS synthesis in a region-specific manner and that the loss of NDST3 function is compensated for by the other NDST isoforms to a varying degree.

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