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Articles by Y.B. Ibrahim
Total Records ( 3 ) for Y.B. Ibrahim
  F. Abood , G.A. Bajwa and Y.B. Ibrahim
  The tiger moth, Atteva sciodoxa is a serious pest of tongkat Ali, Eurycoma longifolia. The morphology, development times and fecundity aspects were studied at 27± 2°C, 80± 5% relative humidity and 12 h photoperiod. The eggs were yellow and ovoid in shape with a mean length and width of 1.19± 0.02 and 0.86± 0.02 mm, respectively. Width measurements of larval head capsules showed that A. sciodoxa undergoes five larval instar stages. The mean head capsule widths of the first to fifth instar larvae were 0.55± 0.01, 0.89± 0.01, 1.23± 0.02, 1.52± 0.01 and 2.11± 0.02 mm, while the body lengths were 4.71± 0.1, 8.63± 0.1, 12.87± 0.1, 16.29± 0.1 and 21.74± 0.2 mm, respectively. The mean male and female pupal body lengths were 10.36± 0.1 and 11.26± 0.2 mm, respectively. The mean male and female wing span were 21.63± 0.2 and 24.28± 0.2 mm, respectively. The mean pre-oviposition and oviposition periods were 6.2± 0.23 and 8.5± 0.28 days, respectively. A single female laid on average 106.1± 4.85 eggs with maximum production between days 8-15 of adult emergence. The maximum number of eggs laid per female per day was 20.1± 0.5. The mean hatching time was 5.7± 0.1 days with a mean hatchability of 81.1± 0.6%. The mean larval, pupal and adult periods were 20.7± 0.2, 6.2± 0.8 and 13.2± 0.5 days, respectively. The female pupal period and adult lifespan were significantly longer than the male. Atteva sciodoxa completed its life cycle in 46.28± 0.49 days.
  F. Abood , G.A. Bajwa , Y.B. Ibrahim and A.S. Sajap
  Seven isolates of Beauveria bassiana were screened for pathogenicity and infectivity at a concentration of 5x107 conidia mL-1 against Atteva sciodoxa at 27±2°C and 75±5% relative humidity with 12 h photoperiod. Based on screening results, isolates Bba-Pp and FS-11 were further bioassayed at 1x106, 5x106 and 1x107 conidia mL-1. All the isolates were found to be pathogenic. However, the infectivity varied significantly among the isolates. The earliest mortality was recorded three days after inoculation. The most virulent isolate, Bba-Pp, caused 100% mortality with a median infective time (ET50) of 3.6 days on day seven following inoculation while FS-11 caused 83.3% mortality with an ET50 value of 4.1 days. Bba-Sl3 was the least infective isolate with 24.9% mortality and 15.3 days of median effective time. Mycelia appeared on 24 to 48 h old cadavers. The highest level of sporulation on two-week old cadavers was 150.6x105 Bba-Pp conidia mg-1 cadaver while the lowest was 12.23x105 Bba-Sl3 conidia. The median effective concentration (EC50) of Bba-Pp was 9.89x105 conidia mL-1 while that of FS-11 was 3.85x106 conidia mL-1. The ET50 values for 1x106 and 1x107 conidia mL-1 of Bba-Pp ranged between 7.0 and 4.4 days, respectively, while that of FS-11 were 10.3 and 5.8 days. A strong negative correlation was found between inoculum concentrations and food consumption (R2 = -0.99). The infection by Bba-Pp and FS-11 resulted in 55.8 to 72.5% reduction in food consumption by A. sciodoxa compared to the controls.
  M.A.A. Alasady , D.B. Omar , R.B. Ibrahim and Y.B. Ibrahim
  To determine the species of green lacewings, determine the parasitism of parasite Telenomus sp. on the eggs of Apertochrysa sp. and study the occurrence of Aper-tochrys sp. within the field of corn plants, the experiments were carried out during 2007-2008 in Malaysian agro ecosystem. Collection and direct eggs observation were used in this investigation. Only 18 plants have the eggs of Apertochrysa sp. from 43 surveyed plants. Highest percentage of eggs collected of Apertochrysa sp. 65.84% was collected from citrus trees followed by 26.47% was collected from vegetable plants. The Telenomus sp. was highly affected on the eggs of Apertochrysa sp. and the highest parasitism was re-corded on the eggs which found on corn plant (14%). While, the parasitism was 9.2% on eggs that found in citrus tree. The females of Apertochrysa sp. preferred to lay their eggs on corn plants planted at the east sits of the field. All methods used like handmade white plastic collision trap, sticky traps, knockdown (sondage sampling), shaking, food attractant traps, air blower, spray the adult’s food, color plastic card board traps failed to capture the adults and to sample the immature stages except the eggs directly observation.
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