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Articles by Y. Sakai
Total Records ( 4 ) for Y. Sakai
  S Hisamori , S Nagayama , S Kita , J. i Kawamura , A Yoshizawa and Y. Sakai
 

A 71-year-old woman presented with hematochezia and narrowing of the stool. She suffered from progressive systemic sclerosis for 12 years and underwent home oxygen therapy due to pulmonary fibrosis and moderate pulmonary hypertension. Colonoscopy revealed a pedunculated, cauliflower-like polyp with a depressed surface in the sigmoid colon. The polyp was regarded as early colon cancer with possible submucosal invasion, and subsequent computed tomographic (CT) scans showed no evidence of lymph node involvement or distant metastases. Because of perioperative risks due to moderate pulmonary hypertension, she underwent an endoscopic resection of the early colon cancer. Pathological examination of the resected specimen of 20 mm diameter revealed the peculiar morphology of an adenocarcinoma with moderate lymphatic invasion. Immunohistochemical analysis for epithelial membrane antigen showed the specific ‘inside-out growth pattern’ indicative of invasive micropapillary carcinoma (IMPC). Taking the perioperative risks into consideration, she opted to undergo close follow-ups without an additional sigmoidectomy. At 6 months after the resection, the follow-up colonoscopy revealed a local recurrence of the colon cancer, and subsequent CT scans revealed multiple distant metastases including the lung, liver, lymph nodes and spleen. This is a rare case of a pure, submucosal IMPC of the colon. Furthermore, pure IMPC of the colon may represent a reliable predictor of lymphogenous and/or hematogenous metastases. Therefore, one should recommend an additional colectomy after endoscopic mucosal resection treatment when pathological findings confirmed IMPC of the colon and should continue a close follow-up for IMPC patients even when curative resections were performed at an early stage.

  K Okoshi , S Nagayama , M Furu , Y Mori , A Yoshizawa , J Toguchida and Y. Sakai
 

A 54-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of a huge, unresectable rectal cancer occupying his entire pelvic space with a solitary liver metastasis. He had undergone a laparotomy for surgical resection, but ended up with a sigmoid colostomy due to possible invasion into the urinary bladder and pelvic wall. At the completion of seven cycles of FOLFOX regimen, radiographic examination revealed remarkable reduction of the primary rectal tumor and regional lymph nodes, and also a complete response (CR) of the liver metastasis. The tumor was extirpated without any macroscopic residues by a low anterior resection of the rectum, along with a partial resection of the urinary bladder and seminal vesicles. Since pathological and immunohistochemical examinations showed no viable cancer cells in any parts of the resected specimens, the lesion was regarded as a pathologically CR. Analysis for single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the genes involved in nucleotide excision repair, excision repair cross-complementing group 1 and xeroderma pigmentosum group D, showed a genotypic pattern sensitive to oxaliplatin. To our knowledge, this is a rare case of an initially unresectable primary rectal cancer, which was down-staged to a pathologically CR by FOLFOX chemotherapy instead of chemoradiotherapy.

  H Hosogi , S Nagayama , N Kanamoto , A Yoshizawa , T Suzuki , K Nakao and Y. Sakai
 

Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) patients develop various extracolonic lesions, among which functional adrenocortical neoplasms are infrequent. A 44-year-old woman was hospitalized because of pseudo-Meigs' syndrome, caused by bilateral ovarian metastases from an advanced ascending colon cancer due to FAP of intermediate type. Furthermore, bilateral adrenocortical adenomas were detected, and functional analyses showed a hormonal secretion pattern consistent with Cushing's syndrome. She underwent a right hemicolectomy with extirpation of bilateral ovaries. At 10 months post-operative with no detectable metastatic lesions, the residual colorectum and the larger, left adrenal gland were resected, and the hormonal hypersecretion was normalized. Direct sequencing of the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene revealed a nonsense germline mutation at codon 1577 and an additional nonsense somatic mutation at codon 554 in cancer tissues. Biallelic APC inactivation due to loss of the normal allele was evident in the adrenocortical adenoma. There were no hypermethylated CpG islands detected in APC promoter regions. Immunostaining for β-catenin revealed diffuse cytoplasmic expression in resected tissues including adrenocortical adenoma. Biallelic APC inactivation may play a role in developing cortisol-secreting adrenocortical adenoma in FAP patients. It is noteworthy that biallelic APC inactivation was caused in different ways in different tumors from the same individual.

  Y Okuchi , S Nagayama , Y Mori , J Kawamura , S Matsumoto , T Nishimura , A Yoshizawa and Y. Sakai
 

We present a case of pseudo-meigs’ syndrome caused by a metastatic ovarian tumor of rectal cancer origin, and examine the possible involvement of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the pathogenesis of refractory fluid retention. A 42-year-old woman with advanced rectal cancer underwent a laparoscopic anterior resection of the rectum. During systemic chemotherapy treatment, she complained of severe abdominal distension 16 months following the operation. We failed to improve massive ascites by diuretics and repeated abdominocenteses. Without any definite evidence of carcinomatous peritonitis, we chose to extirpate an enlarged ovarian tumor on the presumptive diagnosis of pseudo-meigs’ syndrome. Ascites disappeared promptly after resecting the ovarian tumors and the subject resumed systemic chemotherapy. Preoperative high levels of serum VEGF were normalized promptly after the operation. Levels of VEGF expression in metastatic ovarian tumors were as weak as in the primary tumor upon immunohistochemical staining. In contrast, increased VEGF expression was evident in epithelial cells of oviducts. For patients with massive and refractory ascites, we need to keep in mind the disease entity of pseudo-meigs’ syndrome, since surgical intervention possibly improves conditions. Furthermore, the hypersecretion of VEGF from oviducts may play a role in the pathogenesis of clinical manifestations of pseudo-meigs’ syndrome.

 
 
 
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