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Articles by Y. Mori
Total Records ( 3 ) for Y. Mori
  A. Al-Busaidi , T. Yamamoto , M. Inoue , Y. Mori , M. Irshad and A. Zahoor
  Population growth and global warming would substantially impact the availability and quality of existing freshwater supplies. The utilization of marginal water resources for agriculture is getting considerable importance. The lands irrigated with saline water are required to reduce salts accumulations through leaching and/or drainage practices. A greenhouse experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of saline irrigation and leaching fractions on barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and salts accumulations in sand dune soil. For this purpose seawater was diluted to the salinity levels of 3 and 13 dS m-1 and applied by drip irrigation at 0.1 and 0.4 leaching fractions (LF). The results of the experiment showed that the saline water significantly impaired barley growth. Higher LF lowered the soil salinity and increased soil water contents. Both quantity and quality of water regulated salts distribution within the soil. The salts were found higher near or immediate below the soil surface. An enhanced LF carried more salts down the soil horizon. Low salts were accumulated in the vicinity of emitters as compared to distant wet area. Higher saline irrigation inhibited evaporation. Infiltration rate and hydraulic conductivity of soil were statistically unchanged across the treatments. Conjunctive use of marginal water at proportional LF could be effective to enhance the yield potential of crops in water scarce areas.
  H Inagaki , M Taniguchi , K Muramoto , H Kaba , Y Takeuchi and Y. Mori
 

Propylene glycol (PG) is commonly used as a solvent for odorous chemicals employed in studies of the olfactory system because PG has been considered to be odorless for humans and other animals. However, if laboratory rats can detect the vapor of PG and if exposure to this influences behaviors, such effects might confound data obtained from experiments exposing conscious rats to odorants dissolved in PG. Therefore, we examined this issue using differences in the acoustic startle reflex (ASR) as an index. We also conducted a habituation/dishabituation test to assess the ability of rats to detect the vapor of PG. In addition, we observed Ca2+ responses of vomeronasal neurons (VNs) in rats exposed to PG using the confocal Ca2+-imaging approach. Pure PG vapor significantly enhanced the ASR at a dose of 1 x 10–4 M, which was much lower than the dose for efficiently detecting. In Ca2+ imaging, VNs were activated by PG at a dose of 1 x 10–4 M or lower. These results suggest that PG vapor acts as an aversive stimulus to rats at very low doses, even lower than those required for its detection, indicating that we should consider such effect of PG when it is employed as a solvent for odorants in studies using conscious rats. In addition, our study suggests that some non-pheromonal volatile odorants might affect animal behaviors via the vomeronasal system.

  N. Yoshida , M. Okubo , K. Ishiguro and Y. Mori
  Background  Insulin allergy is a not uncommon condition even though human insulin and insulin analogues are widely used. However, the development of insulin allergy after bone marrow transplantation has not been reported.

Case report  A 44-year-old Japanese woman had aplastic anaemia and secondary haemochromatosis. She was diagnosed with having diabetes at age 32 years and had been treated with human insulin. At age 34 years, bone marrow transplantation was performed. One year later, a rash and urticaria appeared immediately after insulin injections. Intracutaneous tests were positive for both human insulins and analogues, whereas the test for protamine was negative. Furthermore, an IgE-radioallergosorbent test against insulin was positive. Thus, we diagnosed the patient with having an IgE-mediated type I allergy against insulin. Insulin therapy with insulin aspart, which showed the least skin reaction, was continued and the insulin allergy disappeared in 7 years.

Conclusions  This is the first description of insulin allergy after bone marrow transplantation. Our case underscores the effects of bone marrow cells on IgE-mediated type I allergy for insulin.

 
 
 
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