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Articles by Y. Lei
Total Records ( 2 ) for Y. Lei
  F. Bragg , L. Li , M. Smith , Y. Guo , Y. Chen , I. Millwood , Z. Bian , R. Walters , J. Chen , L. Yang , R. Collins , R. Peto , Y. Lu , B. Yu , X. Xie , Y. Lei , G. Luo and Z. Chen
 

Aims

To examine the relationship of self-reported diabetes, and of random blood glucose levels among individuals without known diabetes, with the prevalence of cardiovascular disease in Chinese adults.

Methods

We examined cross-sectional data from the China Kadoorie Biobank of 0.5 million people aged 30-79 years recruited from 10 diverse regions of China in the period 2004-2008. Logistic regression was used to estimate the odds ratios of prevalent cardiovascular disease associated with self-reported diabetes, and with measured random blood glucose levels among participants with no history of diabetes, adjusting simultaneously for age, sex, area, education, smoking, alcohol, blood pressure and physical activity.

Results

A total of 3.2% of participants had self-reported diabetes (men 2.9%; women 3.3%) and 2.8% had screen-detected diabetes (men 2.6%; women 2.8%), i.e. they had no self-reported history of diabetes but a blood glucose level suggestive of a diagnosis of diabetes. Compared with individuals without a history of diabetes, the odds ratios associated with self-reported diabetes were 2.18 (95% CI 2.06-2.30) and 1.88 (95% CI 1.75-2.01) for prevalent ischaemic heart disease and stroke/transient ischaemic attack, respectively. Among participants without self-reported diabetes there was a positive association between random blood glucose and ischaemic heart disease and stroke/transient ischaemic attack prevalence (P for trend <0.0001). Below the diabetic threshold (<11.1 mmol/l) each additional 1 mmol/l of random blood glucose was associated with 4% (95% CI 2-5%) and 5% (95% CI 3-7%) higher odds of prevalent ischaemic heart disease and stroke/transient ischaemic attack, respectively.

Conclusions

In this adult Chinese population, self-reported diabetes was associated with a doubling of the odds of prevalent cardiovascular disease. Below the threshold for diabetes there was still a modest, positive association between random blood glucose and prevalent cardiovascular disease.

  J.R. Lv , I.H. Kim , K.Y. Zhang and Y. Lei
  The experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of different feed flavors on feed intake and intake behavior in growing pigs under auto feeding system. A total of 30 barrows (Landrace x Yorkshire) of 95 days old were selected and allocated to 1 of 5 treatments by BW for this 14 days experiment. There were 6 replicates in each treatment and 1 pig in each replicate. Diets containing: CON, the basal diet; BF, CON + 400 mg kg-1 banana flavor; MF, CON + 400 mg kg-1 sow milky flavor; SF, CON + 150 mg kg-1 sweetener and BMS, CON + 400 mg kg-1 banana flavor + 400 mg kg-1 milky flavor + 150 mg kg-1 sweetener. The ADFI in BF, MF, SF and BMS complex group was enhanced compared to the CON, respectively. The ADG and feed efficiency was respectively increased (p<0.05) related to the control treatment. The feed intake speeds and feed intake time of fruit, milky, sweetener and complex group were increased (p<0.05) than control. The results indicated that feed flavors affect feed intake behavior by elevating the feed intake speed and reducing the time of feed intake to enhance the feed intake of growing pigs and no difference was found between the three flavors.
 
 
 
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