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Articles by Y. S Lu
Total Records ( 3 ) for Y. S Lu
  C. H Lin , J. Y Liau , Y. S Lu , C. S Huang , W. C Lee , K. T Kuo , Y. C Shen , S. H Kuo , C Lan , J. M Liu , W. H Kuo , K. J Chang and A. L. Cheng
 

Background: In the past two decades, the incidence of breast cancer in young Taiwanese females has been rapidly increasing, approaching the risk level of western countries. As a first step to investigate the possible etiology, we examined the molecular subtypes of female breast cancer in Taiwan.

Methods: This study included 1,028 consecutive patients with breast cancer diagnosed in National Taiwan University Hospital between 2004 and 2006. Estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), human epidermal growth factor receptor-2, cytokeratin 5/6, and epidermal growth factor receptor expression and/or gene amplification were analyzed.

Results: Younger (≤50 years) breast cancer patients had a higher prevalence of luminal A (67% versus 57%; P < 0.001) and a lower prevalence of basal-like subtype (9% versus 17%; P < 0.001) compared with older (>50 years) patients. The higher prevalence of luminal A subtype was mainly attributed to a higher ER (75% versus 63%; P < 0.001) and PR (47% versus 33%; P < 0.001) expression rate in younger patients than older patients. Tumors with histologic grade 3 were less prevalent in younger patients than in older patients (23% versus 30%; P = 0.01). For very young (<35 years) patients, the molecular subtype distribution, ER and/or PR expression rate, and histologic grade were not significantly different from those of less young (35-50 years) patients.

Conclusions: Young breast cancer patients in Taiwan are characterized by a high prevalence of luminal A subtype and low prevalence of histologic grade 3 tumor and/or basal-like subtype. These features are distinct from young breast cancer patients in western countries. (Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2009;18(6):1807–14)

  Y. Y Shao , K. T Kuo , F. C Hu , Y. S Lu , C. S Huang , J. Y Liau , W. C Lee , C Hsu , W. H Kuo , K. J Chang , C. H Lin and A. L. Cheng
  Objective

We studied tau and excision repair cross-complementing 1 expression to evaluate their predictive values in advanced breast carcinoma patients.

Methods

Patients treated with paclitaxel and cisplatin as the first-line chemotherapy for locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer were enrolled. The expression levels of tau and excision repair cross-complementing 1 were assessed by immunohistochemistry and examined for their associations with treatment response and survival.

Results

Fifty-four patients were included in this study. Despite the strong association between tau expression and lower histological grade and estrogen receptor expression, tau expression remained an independent predictor for a lower response rate in multivariate analysis (odd ratio = 0.24, P = 0.02). However, tau expression was a predictor for longer overall survival in both univariate analysis (median, 57.5 vs. 30.4 months, P = 0.02) and multivariate analysis (hazard ratio = 0.36, P = 0.008). Excision repair cross-complementing 1 was not associated with treatment response or overall survival.

Conclusions

Tau expression but not excision repair cross-complementing 1 in advanced breast cancer predicts poor response to combination chemotherapy of paclitaxel and cisplatin. However, tau expression is significantly associated with longer overall survival.

  C Vogel , A Chan , B Gril , S. B Kim , J Kurebayashi , L Liu , Y. S Lu and H. Moon
 

The management of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive (ErbB2+) breast cancer is challenging; patients with ErbB2+ breast tumors have more aggressive disease and a poor prognosis. The increasing incidence of breast cancer in Asia and the limitations of existing treatments pose additional challenges. In this review, we summarize the preclinical and clinical evidence that indicates how lapatinib, a novel inhibitor that targets the human epidermal growth factor receptor (ErbB1) and ErbB2 may help clinicians address four particularly challenging issues in the management of ErbB2+ breast cancer. These issues are: (i) trastuzumab therapy failure, (ii) development of central nervous system metastases, (iii) minimizing toxicity and (iv) selecting the most appropriate partners (chemotherapy and non-chemotherapy) for combination therapy with lapatinib. Lapatinib, in combination with chemotherapeutic agents, such as capecitabine, provides clinical benefits to patients with ErbB2+ breast cancer, including patients who develop progressive disease on trastuzumab. Lapatinib, in combination with non-chemotherapeutic agents, such as letrozole, may also provide a chemotherapy-free treatment option for postmenopausal patients with estrogen receptor-positive/ErbB2+ metastatic breast cancer. Encouraging results have also emerged regarding the synergistic effects of lapatinib in combination with other agents for the treatment of ErbB2+ breast cancer. Promising findings have also been reported for the use of lapatinib to prevent and treat central nervous system metastases. Collectively, these results indicate that the judicious use of lapatinib, an effective oral therapy with a manageable toxicity profile, can enhance the management of patients with ErbB2+ breast cancer.

 
 
 
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