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Articles by Y. N. Kim
Total Records ( 2 ) for Y. N. Kim
  S. H Lee , K. H Koo , J. W Park , H. J Kim , S. K Ye , J. B Park , B. K Park and Y. N. Kim
 

The plasma membrane microdomains, lipid rafts, are involved in regulation of cellular functions such as cell survival and adhesion. Cholesterol is a critical component of lipid rafts in terms of their integrity and functions and rafts disruption by cholesterol depletion can induce detachment-induced cell death. Hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is stabilized in hypoxia and transactivates numerous genes required for cellular adaptation to hypoxia. It is also induced by non-hypoxic stimuli and contributes to cell survival. Because hypoxia inhibits cholesterol synthesis and HIF-1 plays a role in this process, we here explored a possible connection between lipid rafts and HIF-1. We investigated whether HIF-1 is regulated during cholesterol depletion/rafts disruption in A431 cells in normoxic conditions. Methyl-beta cyclodextrin (MβCD), which induces cholesterol depletion, upregulated HIF-1 even under normoxic conditions and this upregulation required epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and 2 activation, but not Akt activation. MβCD treatment induced HIF-1 upregulation at both the transcriptional and translational levels but not at the posttranslational levels. In addition, MβCD robustly induced vascular endothelial growth factor production and stimulated an hypoxia response element-driven luciferase reporter activity under normoxic conditions, indicating that MβCD-induced HIF-1 is functionally activated. Both EGFR activity and HIF-1 expression were higher in the attached cells than in the detached cells after MβCD treatment. Furthermore, inhibition of HIF-1 by RNA interference accelerated cell detachment, thus increasing cell death, indicating that HIF-1 expression attenuates MβCD-induced anoikis-like cell death. These data suggest that, depending on cholesterol levels, lipid rafts or membrane fluidity are probably to regulate HIF-1 expression in normoxia by modulating rafts protein activities such as EGFR, and this connection between lipid rafts and HIF-1 regulation may provide cell survival under membrane-disturbing stress.

 
 
 
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