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Articles by Y. N Wong
Total Records ( 3 ) for Y. N Wong
  A. R Tan , E. H Rubin , D. C Walton , D. E Shuster , Y. N Wong , F Fang , S Ashworth and L. S. Rosen
 

Purpose: To evaluate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), dose-limiting toxicities (DLT), and pharmacokinetics of eribulin mesylate (E7389), a halichondrin B analogue, administered every 21 days in patients with advanced solid tumors.

Experimental Design: Eribulin mesylate was given as a 1-hour infusion every 21 days at doses of 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 2.8, and 4 mg/m2. The MTD was identified using an accelerated titration design. The pharmacokinetics of eribulin were evaluated in the plasma and urine with the first dose.

Results: Twenty-one patients were enrolled. At 4 mg/m2, three patients experienced a DLT of febrile neutropenia on day 7. The dose level was reduced to 2.8 mg/m2 where two of three patients experienced dose-limiting febrile neutropenia. Six additional patients were enrolled at 2 mg/m2 (seven patients in total received this dose) and one of these patients experienced a neutropenic DLT. The MTD of eribulin mesylate was therefore 2 mg/m2. Nonhematologic toxicities included alopecia, fatigue, anorexia, and nausea. Pharmacokinetic analysis showed linear kinetics for eribulin over the dose range studied and a terminal half-life of 2 days. The plasma-concentration-time profile exhibited a rapid distribution phase followed by a slow elimination phase. Drug clearance was nonrenal. One patient with non–small cell lung cancer achieved an unconfirmed partial response and 12 patients had stable disease.

Conclusions: Eribulin mesylate administered as a 1-hour infusion every 21 days has a manageable toxicity profile at 2 mg/m2, with further dose escalation limited by neutropenia.

  S. W Grimm , H. J Einolf , S. D Hall , K He , H. K Lim , K. H. J Ling , C Lu , A. A Nomeir , E Seibert , K. W Skordos , G. R Tonn , R Van Horn , R. W Wang , Y. N Wong , T. J Yang and R. S. Obach
 

Time-dependent inhibition (TDI) of cytochrome P450 (P450) enzymes caused by new molecular entities (NMEs) is of concern because such compounds can be responsible for clinically relevant drug-drug interactions (DDI). Although the biochemistry underlying mechanism-based inactivation (MBI) of P450 enzymes has been generally understood for several years, significant advances have been made only in the past few years regarding how in vitro time-dependent inhibition data can be used to understand and predict clinical DDI. In this article, a team of scientists from 16 pharmaceutical research organizations that are member companies of the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America offer a discussion of the phenomenon of TDI with emphasis on the laboratory methods used in its measurement. Results of an anonymous survey regarding pharmaceutical industry practices and strategies around TDI are reported. Specific topics that still possess a high degree of uncertainty are raised, such as parameter estimates needed to make predictions of DDI magnitude from in vitro inactivation parameters. A description of follow-up mechanistic experiments that can be done to characterize TDI are described. A consensus recommendation regarding common practices to address TDI is included, the salient points of which include the use of a tiered approach wherein abbreviated assays are first used to determine whether NMEs demonstrate TDI or not, followed by more thorough inactivation studies for those that do to define the parameters needed for prediction of DDI.

  S. W Grimm , H. J Einolf , S. D Hall , K He , H. K Lim , K. H. J Ling , C Lu , A. A Nomeir , E Seibert , K. W Skordos , G. R Tonn , R Van Horn , R. W Wang , Y. N Wong , T. J Yang and R. S. Obach
 

Time-dependent inhibition (TDI) of cytochrome P450 (P450) enzymes caused by new molecular entities (NMEs) is of concern because such compounds can be responsible for clinically relevant drug-drug interactions (DDI). Although the biochemistry underlying mechanism-based inactivation (MBI) of P450 enzymes has been generally understood for several years, significant advances have been made only in the past few years regarding how in vitro time-dependent inhibition data can be used to understand and predict clinical DDI. In this article, a team of scientists from 16 pharmaceutical research organizations that are member companies of the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America offer a discussion of the phenomenon of TDI with emphasis on the laboratory methods used in its measurement. Results of an anonymous survey regarding pharmaceutical industry practices and strategies around TDI are reported. Specific topics that still possess a high degree of uncertainty are raised, such as parameter estimates needed to make predictions of DDI magnitude from in vitro inactivation parameters. A description of follow-up mechanistic experiments that can be done to characterize TDI are described. A consensus recommendation regarding common practices to address TDI is included, the salient points of which include the use of a tiered approach wherein abbreviated assays are first used to determine whether NMEs demonstrate TDI or not, followed by more thorough inactivation studies for those that do to define the parameters needed for prediction of DDI.

 
 
 
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