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Articles by Y. L Huang
Total Records ( 2 ) for Y. L Huang
  Y. L Huang , C. M Wu , G. Y Shi , G. C. C Wu , H Lee , M. J Jiang , H. L Wu and H. Y. Yang
 

Nestin is an intermediate filament protein mainly expressed in muscle and neural progenitors. Recently, we reported that nestin is expressed in rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), disappears after serum-deprivation and then is re-expressed again following EGF stimulation. As the function of nestin in VSMCs remains unknown, its anti-apoptotic function was investigated in this study. We first showed that cell viability of nestin-depleted cells following H2O2 treatments decreased by nestin RNAi. Further DNA laddering analysis and flow cytometry results demonstrated that this loss of cell viability was mediated through apoptosis. In addition, caspase-9, caspase-3 and PARP were activated in nestin-depleted VSMCs following H2O2 treatments, indicating that nestin has an upstream inhibitory effect on caspase activation. It is well known that EGF serves as a survival factor in rat VSMCs. Here, we show that the cytoprotective effect of EGF was prevented by nestin RNAi. In addition, the inhibition of Cdk5 prevented Bcl-2 phosphorylation and enhanced H2O2-induced caspase-3 activation as well as subsequent DNA fragmentation. Taken together, these results provide evidence for another cytoprotective role of EGF in that it is mediated through its stimulation of nestin expression which leads to the prevention of caspase activation by Cdk-5-induced Bcl-2 phosphorylation in rat VSMCs.

  Y. L Huang , H. S Lin , S. U Chen and H. Lee
 

Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), a lysophospholipid mediator, regulates diverse functions of many types of cells by binding to specific G protein-coupled receptors termed S1P1–S1P5. In T-cells, tyrosine sulphation of S1P1 is required for high-affinity binding of S1P and fully functional signalling. In this study, we showed that tyrosine sulphation of S1P1 is necessary for S1P-induced Src phosphorylation and migration in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Both substitution of phenylalanine (F) for tyrosine (Y) in S1P1 and inhibition of tyrosine sulphation blocked c-Src phosphorylation and migration in HUVECs. In addition, overexpression of mutant (F19, 22F) S1P1, lacking tyrosine sulphation sites, suppressed native S1P1 effects on migration, actin rearrangement and lamellipodia formation. Therefore, tyrosine sulphation of S1P1 is required for its optimal transduction of signals from S1P in HUVECs.

 
 
 
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