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Articles by Y. L Chen
Total Records ( 3 ) for Y. L Chen
  L. J Clark , M Gatz , L Zheng , Y. L Chen , C McCleary and W. J. Mack
 

Background: Few longitudinal studies evaluate differences in patterns of change of category compared to letter fluency across the spectrum of cognitive impairment. Methods: We compared change in category (animal and supermarket) and letter (F, A, S) fluency among 239 participants in 3 groups: remained cognitively normal throughout follow-up (n = 96), developed Alzheimer’s Disease (AD; preclinical AD, n = 21), and with AD at initial testing (prevalent AD, n = 122). Results: At baseline, prevalent and preclinical AD groups scored lower on animal than letter fluency. On all fluency measures, the prevalent AD declined faster than other groups (all P < .0001), and preclinical AD declined faster than unimpaired (all P ≤ .02). Overall, animal fluency declined faster than letter fluency; animal fluency declined significantly faster than letter fluency among cognitively normal and prevalent AD participants. Conclusion: Greater longitudinal declines in category compared to letter fluency are consistent with cross-sectional studies. Steeper declines on both fluency measures distinguish preclinical AD from cognitively unimpaired individuals.

  W. C Chao , C. C Huang , P. H Chang , Y. L Chen , C. W Chen and T. J. Lee
 

Objective  To evaluate hospitalization rates and duration of surgery associated with transnasal endoscopic marsupialization compared with sublabial excision in treating nasolabial cysts.

Design  Retrospective clinical series.

Setting  Large urban community hospital.

Patients  Consecutive sample of 57 patients with nasolabial cysts treated from January 1, 2000, to February 29, 2008.

Interventions  Sublabial excision in 23 patients (sublabial group) and transnasal endoscopic marsupialization in 34 patients (transnasal group). Among 57 patients, 47 underwent preoperative computed tomography.

Main Outcome Measures  History, clinical presentation, preoperative condition, histopathologic findings, treatment, complications, and outcomes.

Results  The mean duration of surgery was 91.3 minutes in the sublabial group and 29.5 minutes in the transnasal group (P = .003). The hospitalization rate was 100% (23 of 23) in the sublabial group and 59% (20 of 34) in the transnasal group (P < .001). The medical costs were significantly lower in the transnasal group than in the sublabial group (P = .002). The follow-up period ranged from 6 to 85 months. Neither group of patients experienced any major complications or recurrences during the follow-up period.

Conclusion  Transnasal endoscopic marsupialization is an effective treatment for nasolabial cysts, is less costly, and has fewer complications than sublabial excision.

  J Deng , J Fujimoto , X. F Ye , T. Y Men , C. S Van Pelt , Y. L Chen , X. F Lin , H Kadara , Q Tao , D Lotan and R. Lotan
 

Mouse models can be useful for increasing the understanding of lung tumorigenesis and assessing the potential of chemopreventive agents. We explored the role of inflammation in lung tumor development in mice with knockout of the tumor suppressor Gprc5a. Examination of normal lung tissue and tumors from 51 Gprc5a+/+ (adenoma incidence, 9.8%; adenocarcinoma, 0%) and 38 Gprc5a–/– mice (adenoma, 63%; adenocarcinoma, 21%) revealed macrophage infiltration into lungs of 45% of the Gprc5a–/– mice and 8% of Gprc5a+/+ mice and the direct association of macrophages with 42% of adenomas and 88% of adenocarcinomas in the knockout mice. Gprc5a–/– mouse lungs contained higher constitutive levels of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines and were more sensitive than lungs of Gprc5a+/+ mice to stimulation of NF-B activation by lipopolysaccharide in vivo. Studies with epithelial cells cultured from tracheas of Gprc5a–/– and Gprc5a+/+ mice revealed that Gprc5a loss is associated with increased cell proliferation, resistance to cell death in suspension, and increased basal, tumor necrosis factor –induced, and lipopolysaccharide-induced NF-B activation, which were reversed partially in Gprc5a–/– adenocarcinoma cells by reexpression of Gprc5a. Compared with Gprc5a+/+ cells, the Gprc5a–/– cells produced higher levels of chemokines and cytokines and their conditioned medium induced more extensive macrophage migration. Silencing Gprc5a and the p65 subunit of NF-B in Gprc5a+/+ and Gprc5a–/– cells, respectively, reversed these effects. Thus, Gprc5a loss enhances NF-B activation in lung epithelial cells, leading to increased autocrine and paracrine interactions, cell autonomy, and enhanced inflammation, which may synergize in the creation of a tumor-promoting microenvironment. Cancer Prev Res; 3(4); 424–37. ©2010 AACR.

 
 
 
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