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Articles by Y. J Huang
Total Records ( 3 ) for Y. J Huang
  J Niu , Y. J Huang , L. E Wang and Q. Wei

Fas-associated phosphatase-1 is encoded by the protein tyrosine phosphatase, non-receptor type 13 (PTPN13) gene and attributes to the resistance to Fas-mediated apoptosis in several tumors, including squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). However, no epidemiological studies have investigated the roles of PTPN13 polymorphisms in SCCHN risk. In this hospital-based case–control study of 1069 SCCHN patients and 1102 non-Hispanic white cancer-free controls, we evaluated the associations between three single-nucleotide polymorphisms c.4068 T>G F1356L (rs10033029), c.4566 A>G I1522M (rs2230600) and c.6241 T>G Y2081D (rs989902) located in the coding region of PTPN13 and SCCHN risk. We found that a significantly increased SCCHN risk was associated with the c.4566 I1522M GG genotype [odds ratio (OR), 1.89; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.27–2.79] and c.6241 Y2081D GT genotype (OR, 1.26; 95% CI, 1.03–1.53) compared with the c.4566 I1522M AA and c.6241 Y2081D TT genotypes, respectively. Further stratified analyses showed that risk associated with the c.4566 I1522M GG genotype was more profound in the subgroups of young (≤57 years), males, never smokers, current drinkers and patients with pharyngeal cancer; that risk associated with c.6241 Y2081D GT genotype persisted in subgroups of old (>57 years), males, current drinkers and patients with pharyngeal and laryngeal cancers and that risk associated with c.6241 Y2081D GG genotype was borderline in patients with laryngeal cancer. In conclusion, polymorphisms in the PTPN13 coding region may be biomarkers for susceptibility to SCCHN in USA populations.

  Y. J Huang , J Niu , S Wei , M Yin , Z Liu , L. E Wang , E. M Sturgis and Q. Wei

Human DEC1 (deleted in esophageal cancer 1) gene is located on chromosome 9q, a region frequently deleted in various types of human cancers, including squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). However, only one epidemiological study has evaluated the association between DEC1 polymorphisms and cancer risk. In this hospital-based case–control study, four potentially functional single-nucleotide polymorphisms –1628 G>A (rs1591420), –606 T>C [rs4978620, in complete linkage disequilibrium with –249T>C (rs2012775) and –122 G>A(rs2012566)], c.179 C>T p.Ala60Val (rs2269700) and 3' untranslated region-rs3750505 as well as the TP53 tumor suppressor gene codon 72 (Arg72Pro, rs1042522) polymorphism were genotyped in 1111 non-Hispanic Whites SCCHN patients and 1130 age-and sex-matched cancer-free controls. After adjustment for age, sex and smoking and drinking status, the variant –606CC (i.e. –249CC) homozygotes had a significantly reduced SCCHN risk (adjusted odds ratio = 0.71, 95% confidence interval = 0.52–0.99) compared with the –606TT homozygotes. Stratification analyses showed that a reduced risk associated with the –606CC genotype was more pronounced in subgroups of non-smokers, non-drinkers, younger subjects (defined as ≤57 years), carriers of the TP53 Arg/Arg (rs1042522) genotype, patients with oropharyngeal cancer or late-stage SCCHN. Further in silico analysis revealed that the –249 T-to-C change led to a gain of a transcription factor-binding site. Additional functional analysis showed that the –249T-to-C change significantly enhanced transcriptional activity of the DEC1 promoter and the DNA–protein-binding activity. We conclude that the DEC1 promoter –249 T>C (rs2012775) polymorphism is functional, modulating susceptibility to SCCHN among non-Hispanic Whites.

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