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Articles by Y. H Wang
Total Records ( 3 ) for Y. H Wang
  Xiang Xie , Z. y Fu , Y. N Yang , Xiang Ma , Y. H Wang and Fen Liu

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the association between the human CYP8A1 gene and myocardial infarction (MI) in Chinese people. Methods: 210 MI patients and 206 age-matched controls were genotyped and constructed haplotypes for 3 SNPs [3982C>T (rs5602), C1117A (rs5629), C251T (rs454-98106)] of the human CYP8A1 gene. Results: The CC genotype of rs5629 was more frequently in MI patients than in control subjects (P = .030). The frequency of the A-C-T haplotype was significantly higher in MI patients than in control subjects (P =.001). The frequency of the C-T-T haplotype was significantly lower in MI patients than in control subjects (P= .011). Conclusions: The present results indicate that MI is associated with the CC genotype of rs5629 in the human CYP8A1 gene. The A-C-T haplotype appears to be a useful genetic marker and the C-T-T haplotype might be a protective factor of MI in Chinese people.

  W Cao , L Bover , M Cho , X Wen , S Hanabuchi , M Bao , D. B Rosen , Y. H Wang , J. L Shaw , Q Du , C Li , N Arai , Z Yao , L. L Lanier and Y. J. Liu

Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) produce copious type I interferon (IFN) upon sensing nucleic acids through Toll-like receptor (TLR) 7 and TLR9. Uncontrolled pDC activation and IFN production are implicated in lymphopenia and autoimmune diseases; therefore, a mechanism controlling pDC IFN production is essential. Human pDCs specifically express an orphan receptor, immunoglobulin-like transcript 7 (ILT7). Here, we discovered an ILT7 ligand expressed by human cell lines and identified it as bone marrow stromal cell antigen 2 (BST2; CD317). BST2 directly binds to purified ILT7 protein, initiates signaling via the ILT7–FcRI complex, and strongly inhibits production of IFN and proinflammatory cytokines by pDCs. Readily induced by IFN and other proinflammatory cytokines, BST2 may modulate the human pDC’s IFN responses through ILT7 in a negative feedback fashion.

  N Lu , Y. H Wang , K Arima , S Hanabuchi and Y. J. Liu

Whether thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) directly induces potent human CD4+ T cell proliferation and Th2 differentiation is unknown. We report that resting and activated CD4+ T cells expressed high levels of IL-7 receptor a chain but very low levels of TSLP receptor (TSLPR) when compared with levels expressed in myeloid dendritic cells (mDCs). This was confirmed by immunohistology and flow cytometry analyses showing that only a subset of mDCs, with more activated phenotypes, expressed TSLPR in human tonsils in vivo. IL-7 induced strong STAT1, -3, and -5 activation and promoted the proliferation of naive CD4+ T cells in the presence of anti-CD3 and anti-CD28 monoclonal antibodies, whereas TSLP induced weak STAT5 activation, associated with marginally improved cell survival and proliferation, but failed to induce cell expansion and Th2 differentiation. The effect of TSLP on enhancing strong human T cell proliferation was observed only when sorted naive CD4+ T cells were cultured with mDCs at levels as low as 0.5%. TSLP could only induce naive CD4+ T cells to differentiate into Th2 cells in the presence of allogeneic mDCs. These results demonstrate that IL-7 and TSLP use different mechanisms to regulate human CD4+ T cell homeostasis.

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