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Articles by Y Yu
Total Records ( 15 ) for Y Yu
  F Seta , A. D Chung , P. V Turner , J. D Mewburn , Y Yu and C. D. Funk
  Selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors (coxibs) increase the incidence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. Complete disruption of the murine gene encoding COX-2 (Ptgs2) leads to renal developmental problems, as well as female reproductive anomalies and patent ductus arteriosus of variable penetrance in newborns, thus rendering this genetic approach difficult to compare with coxib administration. Here, we created hypomorphic Ptgs2 (COX-2Neo/Neo) mice in which COX-2 expression is suppressed to an extent similar to that achieved with coxibs, but not eliminated, in an attempt to circumvent these difficulties. In LPS-challenged macrophages and cytokine-stimulated endothelial cells obtained from COX-2Neo/Neo mice, COX-2 expression was reduced 70–90%, and these mice developed a mild renal phenotype compared with COX-2 mice possessing an active site mutation (COX-2Y385F/Y385F), with minimal signs of renal dysfunction as measured by FITC-inulin clearance and blood urea nitrogen. These COX-2 knockdown mice displayed an increased propensity for thrombogenesis compared with their wild-type (COX-2+/+) littermates observed by intravital microscopy in cremaster muscle arterioles upon ferric chloride challenge. Measurement of urinary prostanoid metabolites indicated that COX-2Neo/Neo mice produced 50% less prostacyclin but similar levels of PGE2 and thromboxane compared with COX-2+/+ mice in the absence of any blood pressure and ex vivo platelet aggregation abnormalities. COX-2Neo/Neo mice, therefore, provide a genetic surrogate of coxib therapy with disrupted prostacyclin biosynthesis that predisposes to induced arterial thrombosis.
  S. M Shen , Y Yu , Y. L Wu , J. K Cheng , L. S Wang and G. Q. Chen
 

The acidic leucine-rich nuclear phosphoprotein 32 (ANP32)B has been reported to regulate gene expression by acting as a histone chaperone or modulate messenger RNA trafficking by serving as a HuR ligand. However, its exact cellular functions are poorly understood. By utilizing a proteomics-based approach, in this work, we identify that the human ANP32B protein is cleaved during apoptosis induction by NSC606985, a novel camptothecin analog. Further investigation shows that various apoptosis inducers cause a decrease of full-length ANP32B in multiple cell lines with a concomitant increase of an ~17 kDa fragment. The proteolytic cleavage of ANP32B is inhibited by a specific caspase-3 inhibitor Z-DEVD-fmk, and it cannot be seen in NSC606985-induced death of caspase-3-deficient MCF-7 cells. In vitro caspase cleavage assay and mutagenesis experiment reveal that ANP32B is a direct substrate of caspase-3 and it is primarily cleaved at the sequence of Ala-Glu-Val-Asp, after Asp-163. Additionally, the reduced expression of endogenous ANP32B by specific small interfering RNA enhances caspase-3 activation and apoptosis induction by NSC606985 and etoposide. These results suggest that ANP32B is a novel substrate for caspase-3 and acts as a negative regulator for apoptosis, the mechanism of which remains to be explored.

  Y Yu , Y Li , L Li , J Lin , C Zheng and L. Zhang
 

Tubulin genes are intimately associated with cell division and cell elongation, which are central to plant secondary cell wall development. However, their roles in pollen tube polar growth remain elusive. Here, a TUA1 gene from Picea wilsonii, which is specifically expressed in pollen, was isolated. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR analysis showed that the amount of PwTUA1 transcript varied at each stage of growth of the pollen tube and was induced by calcium ions and boron. Transient expression analysis in P. wilsonii pollen indicated that PwTUA1 improved pollen germination and pollen tube growth. The pollen of transgenic Arabidopsis overexpressing PwTUA1 also showed a higher percentage of germination and faster growth than wild-type plants not only in optimal germination medium, but also in medium supplemented with elevated levels of exogenous calcium ions or boron. Immunofluorescence and electron microscopy showed -tubulin to be enriched and more vesicles accumulated in the apex region in germinating transgenic Arabidopsis pollen compared with wild-type plants. These results demonstrate that PwTUA1 up-regulated by calcium ions and boron contributes to pollen tube elongation by altering the distribution of -tubulin and regulating the deposition of pollen cell wall components during the process of tube growth. The possible role of PwTUA1 in microtubule dynamics and organization was discussed.

  Z Xiao , G Li , Y Chen , M Li , F Peng , C Li , F Li , Y Yu , Y Ouyang and Z. Chen
 

Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue specimens represent a potentially valuable resource for protein biomarker investigations. In this study, proteins were extracted by a heat-induced antigen retrieval technique combined with a retrieval solution containing 2% SDS from FFPE tissues of normal nasopharyngeal epithelial tissues (NNET) and three histological types of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) with diverse differentiation degrees. Then two-dimensional liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry coupled with isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) labeling was employed to quantitatively identify the differentially expressed proteins among the types of NPC FFPE tissues. Our study resulted in the identification of 730 unique proteins, the distributions of subcellular localizations and molecular functions of which were similar to those of the proteomic database of human NPC and NNET that we had set up based on the frozen tissues. Additionally, the relative expression levels of cathepsin D, keratin8, SFN, and stathmin1 identified and quantified in this report were consistent with the immunohistochemistry results acquired in our previous study. In conclusion, we have developed an effective approach to identifying protein changes in FFPE NPC tissues utilizing iTRAQ technology in conjunction with an economical and easily accessible sample preparation method. (J Histochem Cytochem 58:517–527, 2010)

  C Wang , R Qi , N Li , Z Wang , H An , Q Zhang , Y Yu and X. Cao
 

Notch signaling plays a critical role in regulating cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Our previous study showed that overexpression of Notch1 could inhibit human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell growth by arresting the cell cycle and inducing apoptosis. HCC cells are resistant to apoptotic induction by tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), so new therapeutic approaches have been explored to sensitize HCC cells to TRAIL-induced apoptosis. We are wondering whether and how Notch1 signaling can enhance the sensitivity of HCC cells to TRAIL-induced apoptosis. In this study, we found that overexpression of ICN, the constitutive activated form of Notch1, up-regulated p53 protein expression in HCC cells by inhibiting proteasome degradation. p53 up-regulation was further observed in human primary hepatocellular carcinoma cells after activation of Notch signaling. Inhibition of the Akt/Hdm2 pathway by Notch1 signaling was responsible for the suppression of p53 proteasomal degradation, thus contributing to the Notch1 signaling-mediated up-regulation of p53 expression. Accordingly, Notch1 signaling could make HCC cells more sensitive to TRAIL-induced apoptosis, whereas Notch1 signaling lost the synergistic promotion of TRAIL-induced apoptosis in p53-silenced HepG2 HCC cells and p53-defective Hep3B HCC cells. The data suggest that enhancement of TRAIL-induced apoptosis by Notch1 signaling is dependent upon p53 up-regulation. Furthermore, Notch1 signaling could enhance DR5 expression in a p53-dependent manner. Taken together, Notch1 signaling sensitizes TRAIL-induced apoptosis in HCC cells by inhibiting Akt/Hdm2-mediated p53 degradation and up-regulating p53-dependent DR5 expression. Thus, our results suggest that activation of Notch1 signaling may be a promising approach to improve the therapeutic efficacy of TRAIL-resistant HCC.

 
 
 
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