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Articles by Y Tabata
Total Records ( 2 ) for Y Tabata
  Y Takemoto , H Kawata , T Soeda , K Imagawa , S Somekawa , Y Takeda , S Uemura , M Matsumoto , Y Fujimura , J. i Jo , Y Kimura , Y Tabata and Y. Saito
 

Background— In-stent thrombosis is mainly triggered by adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-dependent platelet aggregation after percutanous coronary stent implantation. Ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase (E-NTPDase) rapidly hydrolyzes ADP to adenosine monophosphate, inhibiting platelet aggregation. We tested the hypothesis that local delivery of human placental E-NTPDase (pE-NTPDase) gene into injured arteries via gene-eluting stent could prevent subacute in-stent thrombosis.

Methods and Results— We generated gene-eluting stents by coating bare metal stents with cationic gelatin hydrogel containing pE-NTPDase cDNA (pE-NTPDase stent), and implanted the stents into rabbit femoral arteries (FA) prone to production of platelet-rich thrombi due to repeated balloon injury at 4-week intervals. After the second injury, E-NTPDase gene expression was severely decreased; however, the implantation of pE-NTPDase stent increased E-NTPDase mRNA levels and NTPDase activity to higher level than normal FA. The FAs with pE-NTPDase stents maintained patency in all rabbits (P<0.01), whereas the stent-implanted FAs without pE-NTPDase gene showed low patency rates (17% to 25%). The occlusive platelet-rich thrombi, excessive neointimal growth, and infiltration of macrophages were inhibited in stent implanted FA with pE-NTPDase gene, but not without pE-NTPDase gene.

Conclusions— Human pE-NTPDase gene transfer via cationic gelatin-coated stents inhibited subacute in-stent thrombosis and suppressed neointimal hyperplasia and inflammation without antiplatelet drugs.

  M Takaoka , D Nagata , S Kihara , I Shimomura , Y Kimura , Y Tabata , Y Saito , R Nagai and M. Sata
 

Rationale: Obesity is associated with a high incidence of cardiovascular complications. However, the molecular link between obesity and vascular disease is not fully understood. Most previous studies have focused on the association between cardiovascular disease and accumulation of visceral fat. Periadventitial fat is distributed ubiquitously around arteries throughout the body.

Objective: Here, we investigated the impact of obesity on inflammation in the periadventitial adipose tissue and on lesion formation after vascular injury.

Methods and Results: High-fat, high-sucrose feeding induced inflammatory changes and decreased adiponectin expression in the periadventitial adipose tissue, which was associated with enhanced neointima formation after endovascular injury. Removal of periadventitial fat markedly enhanced neointima formation after injury, which was attenuated by transplantation of subcutaneous adipose tissue from mice fed on regular chow. Adiponectin-deficient mice showed markedly enhanced lesion formation, which was reversed by local delivery, but not systemic administration, of recombinant adiponectin to the periadventitial area. The conditioned medium from subcutaneous fat attenuated increased cell number of smooth muscle cells in response to platelet derived growth factor-BB.

Conclusions: Our findings suggest that periadventitial fat may protect against neointimal formation after angioplasty under physiological conditions and that inflammatory changes in the periadventitial fat may have a direct role in the pathogenesis of vascular disease accelerated by obesity.

 
 
 
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