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Articles by Y Sato
Total Records ( 5 ) for Y Sato
  K Noda , Y Sato , T Miura , K Katayama and R. Kojima

Chlorophosphonazo-III (2,7-bis[4-chloro-2-phosphonophenylazo]-1,8-dihydroxy-3,6-naphthalenedisulphonic acid, disodium salt; CPZ-III) reacts with calcium and magnesium in a sample under acidic to neutral conditions. However, the specific method of measuring calcium in serum using CPZ-III has not been established because of the difficulty of avoiding the interaction between CPZ-III and albumin.


In this study, we found that the non-specific reaction between CPZ-III and albumin could be controlled and calcium in serum could be specifically detected using CPZ-III combined with vanadate. On the basis of this finding, we evaluated a novel method of serum calcium determination using CPZ-III.


This CPZ-III vanadate method gave linear results from 0 to 7.0 mmol/L. The coefficient of variation was 0.63–0.76%. There was no interference except with Omniscan. There was no change in control performance during 60 d under open-air conditions. The assay results correlated well with those of the Arsenazo-III (2,7-bis(2-arsonophenylazo)-1,8-dihydroxy-3,6-naphthalenedisulphonic acid) method (slope = 1.067; intercept = –0.120; r = 0.989; Sy/x = 0.036 mmol/L), o-cresolphthalein complexone method (slope = 0.911; intercept = 0.186; r = 0.988; Sy/x = 0.035 mmol/L), amylase enzymatic method (slope = 0.981; intercept = 0.072; r = 0.989; Sy/x = 0.036 mmol/L) and inductively coupled plasma emission spectroscopy method (slope = 0.955; intercept = –0.001; r = 0.979; Sy/x = 0.048 mmol/L).


These results suggested that the present method has great clinical potential for measuring calcium.

  J Moriya , T Minamino , K Tateno , N Shimizu , Y Kuwabara , Y Sato , Y Saito and I. Komuro

Background— Injection of bone marrow mononuclear cells has been reported to promote neovascularization of ischemic tissues effectively. We found that peripheral blood mononuclear cells were as efficient as bone marrow mononuclear cells for the treatment of limb ischemia in animals and showed that this treatment was feasible and safe in no-option patients with limb ischemia. However, the long-term outcome of such therapy has not been investigated.

Methods and Results— We retrospectively analyzed the data for 42 patients who were treated between July 2002 and December 2005 by using the log-rank test, the Kaplan-Meier method, and the Cox proportional hazard model. Improvement of ischemic symptoms was observed in 60% to 70% of the patients. The annual rate of major amputation was decreased markedly by treatment. Improvement of ischemic symptoms was less marked in arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO) patients on dialysis compared with nonhemodialysis ASO or thromboangiitis obliterans patients. Indeed, the survival rate of these patients was lower than that of nonhemodialysis ASO or thromboangiitis obliterans patients. Major adverse events such as death, major amputation, and cardiovascular events occurred mostly in ASO patients, and most of them were on dialysis. There was no significant difference in the cardiovascular event-free rate between responders and nonresponders. The survival rate of younger responders was better than that of nonresponders.

Conclusions— Although this study was not placebo-controlled and these initial results were from a retrospective analysis, injection of peripheral blood mononuclear cells might be safe and potentially effective for the treatment of limb ischemia, but caution is needed when managing ASO patients on dialysis.

  Y Fujita , A Kakino , M Harada Shiba , Y Sato , K Otsui , R Yoshimoto and T. Sawamura

Background: C-reactive protein (CRP) increases in response to inflammation and is purported to be a risk factor for atherogenesis. We recently demonstrated that a scavenger receptor, lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor (LOX-1), is a receptor for CRP. In light of the overlapping ligand spectrum of scavenger receptors such as modified LDL, bacteria, and advanced glycation end products, we examined whether other scavenger receptors recognize CRP.

Methods: We analyzed the uptake of fluorescently labeled CRP in COS-7 cells expressing a series of scavenger receptors and in a monocytic cell line, THP-1, differentiated into macrophage with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA). We applied small interfering RNA (siRNA) against class-A scavenger receptor (SR-A) to THP-1 cells to suppress the expression of SR-A. We also analyzed the binding of nonlabeled CRP to immobilized recombinant LOX-1 and SR-A in vitro using anti-CRP antibody.

Results: COS-7 cells expressing LOX-1 and SR-A internalized fluorescently labeled CRP in a dose-dependent manner, but cells expressing CD36, SR-BI, or CD68 did not. The recombinant LOX-1 and SR-A proteins recognized nonlabeled purified CRP and native CRP in serum in vitro. THP-1 cells differentiated into macrophage-like cells by treatment with PMA-internalized fluorescently labeled CRP. siRNA against SR-A significantly and concomitantly inhibited the expression of SR-A (P < 0.01) and CRP uptake (P < 0.01), whereas control siRNA did not.

Conclusions: CRP is recognized by SR-A as well as LOX-1 and taken up via SR-A in a macrophage-like cell line. This process might be of significance in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic disease.

  N Inoue , T Okamura , Y Kokubo , Y Fujita , Y Sato , M Nakanishi , K Yanagida , A Kakino , S Iwamoto , M Watanabe , S Ogura , K Otsui , H Matsuda , K Uchida , R Yoshimoto and T. Sawamura

Background: Lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor 1 (LOX-1) is implicated in atherothrombotic diseases. Activation of LOX-1 in humans can be evaluated by use of the LOX index, obtained by multiplying the circulating concentration of LOX-1 ligands containing apolipoprotein B (LAB) times that of the soluble form of LOX-1 (sLOX-1) [LOX index = LAB x sLOX-1]. This study aimed to establish the prognostic value of the LOX index for coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke in a community-based cohort.

Methods: An 11-year cohort study of 2437 residents age 30–79 years was performed in an urban area located in Japan. Of these, we included in the analysis 1094 men and 1201 women without history of stroke and CHD. We measured LAB and sLOX-1 using ELISAs with recombinant LOX-1 and monoclonal anti–apolipoprotein B antibody and with 2 monoclonal antibodies against LOX-1, respectively.

Results: During the follow-up period, there were 68 incident cases of CHD and 91 cases of stroke (with 60 ischemic strokes). Compared with the bottom quartile, the hazard ratio (HR) of the top quartile of LOX index was 1.74 (95% CI 0.92–3.30) for stroke and 2.09 (1.00–4.35) for CHD after adjusting for sex, age, body mass index, drinking, smoking, hypertension, diabetes, non-HDL cholesterol, and use of lipid-lowering agents. Compared with the bottom quartile of LOX index, the fully adjusted HRs for ischemic stroke were consistently high from the second to the top quartile: 3.39 (95% CI 1.34–8.53), 3.15 (1.22–8.13) and 3.23 (1.24–8.37), respectively.

Conclusions: Higher LOX index values were associated with an increased risk of CHD. Low LOX index values may be protective against ischemic stroke.

  R Tatsumi , Y Sankoda , J. E Anderson , Y Sato , W Mizunoya , N Shimizu , T Suzuki , M Yamada , R. P Rhoads , Y Ikeuchi and R. E. Allen

Regenerative coordination and remodeling of the intramuscular motoneuron network and neuromuscular connections are critical for restoring skeletal muscle function and physiological properties. The regulatory mechanisms of such coordination remain unclear, although both attractive and repulsive axon guidance molecules may be involved in the signaling pathway. Here we show that expression of a neural secreted chemorepellent semaphorin 3A (Sema3A) is remarkably upregulated in satellite cells of resident myogenic stem cells that are positioned beneath the basal lamina of mature muscle fibers, when treated with hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), established as an essential cue in muscle fiber growth and regeneration. When satellite cells were treated with HGF in primary cultures of cells or muscle fibers, Sema3A message and protein were upregulated as revealed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and immunochemical studies. Other growth factors had no inductive effect except for a slight effect of epidermal growth factor treatment. Sema3A upregulation was HGF dose dependent with a maximum (about 7- to 8-fold units relative to the control) at 10–25 ng/ml and occurred exclusively at the early-differentiation stage, as characterized by the level of myogenin expression and proliferation (bromodeoxyuridine incorporation) of the cells. Neutralizing antibody to the HGF-specific receptor, c-met, did not abolish the HGF response, indicating that c-met may not mediate the Sema3A expression signaling. Finally, in vivo Sema3A was upregulated in the differentiation phase of satellite cells isolated from muscle regenerating following crush injury. Overall, the data highlight a heretofore unexplored and active role for satellite cells as a key source of Sema3A expression triggered by HGF, hence suggesting that regenerative activity toward motor innervation may importantly reside in satellite cells and could be a crucial contributor during postnatal myogenesis.

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