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Articles by Y Otsuka
Total Records ( 1 ) for Y Otsuka
  T Adachi , M Nakanishi , Y Otsuka , K Nishimura , G Hirokawa , Y Goto , H Nonogi and N. Iwai
 

Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous small RNAs 21–25 nucleotides in length. Recently, we reported that miRNA 208 (miR-208) is produced exclusively in the rat myocardium and that plasma miR-208 is a biomarker of myocardial injury in rats. In the present study, we assessed the hypothesis that plasma concentrations of myocardial-specific miRNAs can be used to diagnose myocardial injury in humans.

Methods: We used array analysis of miRNA production in various human tissues to identify heart-specific miRNAs. We assessed the plasma concentrations of miR-499 in 14 individuals with acute coronary syndromes, 15 individuals with congestive heart failure, and 10 individuals without cardiovascular diseases. Plasma miR-499 concentrations were measured with a real-time reverse-transcription PCR method that used an artificial small RNA as an internal calibrator.

Results: The miRNA array analysis of various human tissues indicated that miR-499 was produced almost exclusively in the heart. Plasma miR-499 concentrations were measurably increased in all individuals with acute myocardial infarction but were below the limit of detection for all individuals in the other patient groups.

Conclusions: The plasma concentration of miR-499 may be a useful biomarker of myocardial infarction in humans.

 
 
 
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