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Articles by Y Nishio
Total Records ( 2 ) for Y Nishio
  H Itoh , T Sakaguchi , W. G Ding , E Watanabe , I Watanabe , Y Nishio , T Makiyama , S Ohno , M Akao , Y Higashi , N Zenda , T Kubota , C Mori , K Okajima , T Haruna , A Miyamoto , M Kawamura , K Ishida , I Nagaoka , Y Oka , Y Nakazawa , T Yao , H Jo , Y Sugimoto , T Ashihara , H Hayashi , M Ito , K Imoto , H Matsuura and M. Horie

Background— Drugs with IKr-blocking action cause secondary long-QT syndrome. Several cases have been associated with mutations of genes coding cardiac ion channels, but their frequency among patients affected by drug-induced long-QT syndrome (dLQTS) and the resultant molecular effects remain unknown.

Methods and Results— Genetic testing was carried out for long-QT syndrome–related genes in 20 subjects with dLQTS and 176 subjects with congenital long-QT syndrome (cLQTS); electrophysiological characteristics of dLQTS-associated mutations were analyzed using a heterologous expression system with Chinese hamster ovary cells together with a computer simulation model. The positive mutation rate in dLQTS was similar to cLQTS (dLQTS versus cLQTS, 8 of 20 [40%] versus 91 of 176 [52%] subjects, P=0.32). The incidence of mutations was higher in patients with torsades de pointes induced by nonantiarrhythmic drugs than by antiarrhythmic drugs (antiarrhythmic versus others, 3 of 14 [21%] versus 5 of 6 [83%] subjects, P<0.05). When reconstituted in Chinese hamster ovary cells, KCNQ1 and KCNH2 mutant channels showed complex gating defects without dominant negative effects or a relatively mild decreased current density. Drug sensitivity for mutant channels was similar to that of the wild-type channel. With the Luo-Rudy simulation model of action potentials, action potential durations of most mutant channels were between those of wild-type and cLQTS.

Conclusions— dLQTS had a similar positive mutation rate compared with cLQTS, whereas the functional changes of these mutations identified in dLQTS were mild. When IKr-blocking agents produce excessive QT prolongation (dLQTS), the underlying genetic background of the dLQTS subject should also be taken into consideration, as would be the case with cLQTS; dLQTS can be regarded as a latent form of long-QT syndrome.

  S Ugi , K Shi , Y Nishio , S Shimizu , B Guo , O Sekine , K Ikeda , K Egawa , T Yoshizaki , Y Nagai , D Koya , T Takada , R Torii , H Kimura , A Kashiwagi and H. Maegawa

Protein-tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) is a major regulator of insulin sensitivity. We have described a novel action of PTP1B in the induction of sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1 (SREBP-1) gene expression through activation of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A). PTP1B is anchored to the endoplasmic reticulum membrane via its C-terminal tail. We have previously reported that membrane localization of PTP1B is essential for PP2A activation, which is crucial for enhancing SREBP-1 gene expression in in vitro experiments. In this study, we further investigated the physiological importance of membrane localization of PTP1B in vivo. We found that transient liver-specific overexpression of wild-type PTP1B (PTP1B-WT) using adenovirus-mediated gene transfer was associated with hypertriglyceridaemia and enhanced hepatic SREBP-1 gene expression in mice. However, overexpression of the C-terminal truncated PTP1B (PTP1BCT) failed to increase hepatic SREBP-1 expression or serum triglyceride levels, despite causing insulin resistance. Our results indicate that activation of PTP1B in the liver could induce hypertriglyceridaemia and that anchoring of PTP1B to the membrane is crucial for its action.

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