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Articles by Y Miyake
Total Records ( 2 ) for Y Miyake
  H Ishida , Y Miyake , M Fukunaga , Y Watanabe , T Kato , H Takemoto and H. Furukawa

This is a feasibility trial of oral uracil/tegafur (UFT)/oral leucovorin (LV) and irinotecan (TEGAFIRI) with maximum dose confirmed in Japan. To document the toxicity and define the objective response rate (RR); and determine progression-free and overall survival.


Patients with advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) received: UFT 300 mg/m2, LV 75 mg/body and CPT-11 150 mg/m2 (UFT and LV given on days 1–14, and CPT-11 on day 1, every 3 weeks). Eligibility: ECOG performance status (PS) 0–1, adequate bone marrow/liver function and serum creatinine level less than institutional normal value.


Eighteen patients enrolled, 17 evaluable for toxicity and response and 1 patients recalled chemotherapy upon registration. Characteristics: 61% male, median age 63.5 years (51–71). Seventy-two per cent PS 0, 50% first line. One hundred and eighty-six cycles have been delivered. The common Grade 3–4 toxicities were neutropenia (35.3%), leukopenia (29.4%), diarrhea (5.9%), anorexia (5.9%), vomiting (5.9%) and dizziness (5.9%). There was no episode of febrile neutropenia. No death occurred on treatment: Overall RR was 41.2% [7/17: 1 complete response (CR) + 6 partial response (PR)]. Progression-free survival (PFS) is 6.9 months, median survival time (MST) is 25.1 months and 1-year survival rate is 70.6%, whereas PFS 15.0 months, MST 43.6+ months and 1-year survival rate 100% in cases with CR or PR.


Approved dose of CPT-11 is 150 mg/m2 in Japan. As is lower dose with CPT-11, TEGAFIRI for patients with advanced or metastatic CRC in Japan seems to have the similar effect with that reported abroad and indicates prolonged PFS and MST in cases with CR or PR.

  Y Miyake , M Yasumoto , S Tsuzuki , T Fushiki and K. Inouye

Matriptase is a type II transmembrane serine protease. The activation (i.e. conversion of the single-chain pro-form to the disulphide-linked-two-chain active form) of this enzyme is known to occur via a mechanism requiring its catalytic triad. We reported previously that the activated enzyme was produced in the conditioned medium when full-length rat matriptase was expressed in monkey kidney COS-1 cells. The present study aimed to address when and where the matriptase activation occurs. COS-1 cells expressing matriptase were labelled with a membrane-impermeable biotin derivative and then solubilized with Triton. Both activated and non-activated matriptase molecules were detected in the avidin precipitants of Triton extracts, whereas only the non-activated molecules were detected in the flow-through fraction of avidin-precipitation procedure. Single-chain matriptase has been thought to have an inherent activity. Indeed, a secreted single-chain variant of recombinant matriptase bearing mutation at the activation-cleavage site was found to exhibit the activity in hydrolyzing a synthetic peptide substrate at pH 7.5. However, the variant had little activity at pH 5.5, as found in the lumen of post-Golgi secretory vesicles. Altogether, it is concluded that the activation of matriptase may occur when the enzyme reaches the cell surface.

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