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Articles by Y Lou
Total Records ( 2 ) for Y Lou
  Y Lou , Q Peng , B Nolan , G. C Wagner and Y. Lu
 

Treatment of p53(–/–) mice orally with caffeine, voluntary exercise or their combination for 2 weeks prior to a single irradiation with UVB (i) decreased the weight of the epididymal fat pads by 22, 40 and 56%, (ii) decreased the thickness of the dermal fat layer by 10, 26 and 42%, (iii) increased the number of apoptotic sunburn cells by 29, 100 and 489%, (iv) increased the number of caspase-3-positive cells by 33, 117 and 667% and (v) increased the number of mitotic cells with cyclin B1-positive staining by 40, 210 and 510%, respectively. Pearson's correlation coefficient indicated a statistically significant inverse relationship between the level of tissue fat and the number of mitotic cells with cyclin B1 in p53(–/–) mice but not in p53(+/+) littermates. Western blot analysis indicated that treatment of p53(–/–) mice with caffeine together with exercise increased the level of cyclin B1 significantly more than in p53(+/+) mice. p53(–/–) mice, but not p53(+/+) mice, treated with caffeine during exercise exhibited a dramatic decrease in the level of survivin. Our results suggest that voluntary exercise in combination with oral caffeine may exert a synergistic increase in UVB-induced apoptosis and that tissue fat may be a more important modulator of apoptosis and carcinogenesis in p53-deficient mice than in p53-normal mice. The stimulatory effects on apoptosis in p53(–/–) mice by the combination treatment might be associated with increased levels of cyclin B1 and decreased levels of survivin.

  N. M Teplyuk , Y Zhang , Y Lou , J. R Hawse , M. Q Hassan , V. I Teplyuk , J Pratap , M Galindo , J. L Stein , G. S Stein , J. B Lian and A. J. van Wijnen
 

Steroid hormones including (1,25)-dihydroxyvitamin D3, estrogens, and glucocorticoids control bone development and homeostasis. We show here that the osteogenic transcription factor Runx2 controls genes involved in sterol/steroid metabolism, including Cyp11a1, Cyp39a1, Cyp51, Lss, and Dhcr7 in murine osteoprogenitor cells. Cyp11a1 (P450scc) encodes an approximately 55-kDa mitochondrial enzyme that catalyzes side-chain cleavage of cholesterol and is rate limiting for steroid hormone biosynthesis. Runx2 is coexpressed with Cyp11a1 in osteoblasts as well as nonosseous cell types (e.g. testis and breast cancer cells), suggesting a broad biological role for Runx2 in sterol/steroid metabolism. Notably, osteoblasts and breast cancer cells express an approximately 32-kDa truncated isoform of Cyp11a1 that is nonmitochondrial and localized in both the cytoplasm and the nucleus. Chromatin immunoprecipitation analyses and gel shift assays show that Runx2 binds to the Cyp11a1 gene promoter in osteoblasts, indicating that Cyp11a1 is a direct target of Runx2. Specific Cyp11a1 knockdown with short hairpin RNA increases cell proliferation, indicating that Cyp11a1 normally suppresses osteoblast proliferation. We conclude that Runx2 regulates enzymes involved in sterol/steroid-related metabolic pathways and that activation of Cyp11a1 by Runx2 may contribute to attenuation of osteoblast growth.

 
 
 
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