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Articles by Y Hozumi
Total Records ( 2 ) for Y Hozumi
  H Mukai , T Takashima , Y Hozumi , T Watanabe , S Murakami , N Masuda , S Mitsuyama , T Ohmura , T Yajima and Y. Ohashi
 

This randomized controlled trial will compare oral 5-fluorouracil derivatives, TS-1, with intravenous standard chemotherapy such as taxanes in women with metastatic or recurrent breast cancer. Patients with hormone-resistant breast cancer are assigned to either TS-1 (40–60 mg twice daily for 28 consecutive days, followed by a 14-day rest period) or standard chemotherapy (docetaxel 60–75 mg/m2 at 3- or 4-week intervals, paclitaxel 175 mg/m2 at 3- or 4-week intervals or paclitaxel 80–100 mg/m2 weekly, followed by a 1-week rest period). Treatment will be repeated until tumor progression or ≥4 courses for TS-1 and ≥6 courses for taxanes. The primary endpoint is overall survival. Secondary endpoints are progression-free survival, time to treatment failure, adverse events, health-related quality of life and cost-effectiveness. A threshold hazard ratio of 1.333 will be used to determine whether overall survival in the TS-1 group is equivalent (not inferior) to that in the taxane group. The target number of registered patients is 600.

  Y Hozumi , M Watanabe and K. Goto
 

The pituitary gland dynamically changes its hormone output under various pathophysiological conditions. One of the pathways implicated in the regulatory mechanism of this gland is a dopaminergic system that operates the phosphoinositide (PI) cycle to transmit downstream signal through second messengers. We have previously shown that diacylglycerol kinase β (DGKβ) is coexpressed with dopamine D1 and D2 receptors in medium spiny neurons of the striatum, suggesting a plausible implication of DGKβ in dopaminergic transmission. However, it remains elusive whether DGKβ is involved in the dopaminergic system in the pituitary gland. The aim of this study is to investigate the expression and localization of DGK in the pituitary gland, together with the molecular components involved in the PI signaling cascade, including dopamine receptors, phospholipase C (PLC), and a major downstream molecule, protein kinase C (PKC). Here we show that DGKβ and the dopamine D2 receptor are coexpressed in the intermediate lobe and localize to the plasma membrane side by side. In addition, we reveal that PLCβ4 and PKC are the subtypes expressed in the intermediate lobe among those families. These findings will substantiate and further extend our understanding of the molecular-anatomical pathway of PI signaling and the functional roles of DGK in the pituitary intermediate lobe. (J Histochem Cytochem 58:119–129, 2010)

 
 
 
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