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Articles by Y Hirashima
Total Records ( 2 ) for Y Hirashima
  N. T Okita , Y Yamada , D Takahari , Y Hirashima , J Matsubara , K Kato , T Hamaguchi , K Shirao , Y Shimada , H Taniguchi and T. Shimoda
  Objective

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptors VEGF-R1, -R2 and -R3 play important roles in tumor angiogenesis and are associated with poor prognosis in several solid tumors. However, their functional significance remains unclarified. Here, we investigated the associations between the expression of these receptors and the clinical outcomes of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients.

Methods

An immunohistochemical approach was used to detect VEGF-R1, -R2 and -R3 expression in 91 CRC patients who underwent surgery and received chemotherapy at the National Cancer Center Hospital. Statistical analysis was performed to determine the prognostic significance of these biomarkers.

Results

Immunoreactivity for VEGF-R2 and -R3 was localized in microvessels and that for VEGF-R1 in cancer cells and stromal microvessels. VEGF-R1 staining in cancer cells (>10% staining) was found in 84 patients (92%) and in stromal vessels in 75 patients (82%). VEGF-R2 staining in tumor vessels (>10% staining) was found in 84 patients (92%), whereas VEGF-R3 staining was found in 85 patients (93%). Strong positive staining (>60% staining) of VEGF-R1 in tumor cells, and VEGF-R1, -R2 and -R3 in vessels was identified in 58 (64%), 33 (36%), 52 (57%) and 60 (66%) patients, respectively. Univariate analysis revealed that VEGF-R1 strong positive staining correlated with shorter post-operative survival in patients with Stage II/III disease (P = 0.01), but neither VEGF-R2 nor R3 expression correlated with survival.

Conclusions

VEGF-R1, -R2 and -R3 were highly expressed in CRC cells and stromal vessels. VEGF-R1 strong positive staining correlated with shorter survival after CRC surgery.

  Y Hosoya , A Lefor , Y Hirashima , M Nokubi , T Yamaguti , Y Jinbu , K Muroi , M Nakazawa and Y. Yasuda
 

Fanconi anemia is a congenital syndrome characterized by hypoplasia of bone marrow and the development of aplastic anemia in childhood, followed by myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myelogenous leukemia in later life. We report here a patient first diagnosed with Fanconi anemia at age 10. Bone marrow transplantation was performed at age 23 and repeated after an episode of rejection at age 25. Hematologic findings returned to normal, but chronic graft-versus-host disease persisted. Esophageal cancer developed at age 35. Invasion of the bronchus and aorta by the tumor was suspected on computed tomography. Chemoradiotherapy was administered to down-stage the tumor, using low-dose cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil. After two courses of chemotherapy with cisplatin (total dose, 100 mg) and 5-fluorouracil (5000 mg) plus radiotherapy (30 Gy), Grade 3 diarrhea and bone marrow suppression developed, and treatment was discontinued. After resolution of toxicity, a good response to the neoadjuvant therapy was seen on computed tomography scan, and a subtotal esophagectomy was performed which demonstrated a complete response in the resected specimen. However, tongue cancer developed at age 40 years, and hemiglossectomy was performed. Patients with Fanconi anemia have a high risk of developing esophageal cancer while they are still young. Reduced doses of alkylating agents and radiotherapy are used in patients with Fanconi anemia. However, the optimal dosage of chemoradiotherapy and the treatment strategy for esophageal cancer in patients with Fanconi anemia remain unclear, and outcomes are generally extremely poor. In this patient, esophageal cancer associated with Fanconi anemia responded well to multidisciplinary therapy.

 
 
 
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