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Articles by Y Hashimoto
Total Records ( 4 ) for Y Hashimoto
  Y Hashimoto , Y Akiyama , T Otsubo , S Shimada and Y. Yuasa
 

Aberrant expression of microRNA (miRNA) has been reported in various cancers. To clarify the role of miRNA in gastric carcinogenesis, we performed miRNA microarray analysis and investigated expression changes of miRNAs in a 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-aza-CdR)-treated gastric cancer cell line, KATO-III. On microarray analysis, five miRNAs were found to be upregulated (>3-fold) after 5-aza-CdR treatment compared with untreated cells. Among them, miR-181c and miR-432AS exhibited CpG islands in their upstream sequences on computational analysis, and their upregulation was verified by reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction analyses. In particular, miR-181c upregulation was found not only in KATO-III but also in two other gastric and one colorectal cancer cell line with 5-aza-CdR treatment. Decreased expression of miR-181c was observed in 9 of 16 primary gastric carcinoma (GC) cases compared with the corresponding non-cancerous stomach tissues. Hypermethylation signals in the upstream region of miR-181c were observed in some cultured and primary GC cells with negative or low miR-181c expression. Transfection of the precursor miR-181c molecule induced decreased growth of two gastric cancer cell lines, KATO-III and MKN45. As for targets of miR-181c, oncogenic NOTCH4 and KRAS were identified by complementary DNA microarray analysis after precursor miR-181c molecule transfection, computational searches of miRNA target databases and reporter assaying using the 3'-untranslated regions of the two genes. These results indicate that miR-181c may be silenced through methylation and play important roles in gastric carcinogenesis through its target genes, such as NOTCH4 and KRAS.

  T Satoh , I Okamoto , M Miyazaki , R Morinaga , A Tsuya , Y Hasegawa , M Terashima , S Ueda , M Fukuoka , Y Ariyoshi , T Saito , N Masuda , H Watanabe , T Taguchi , T Kakihara , Y Aoyama , Y Hashimoto and K. Nakagawa
 

Purpose: YM155, a novel molecular targeted agent, suppresses survivin, a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein family that is overexpressed in many tumor types. The aim of this study was to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and to assess the safety, pharmacokinetics, and antitumor activity of YM155 in patients with advanced refractory solid tumors.

Experimental Design: Patients with advanced refractory solid tumors were treated with escalating doses of YM155 administered by continuous i.v. infusion for 168 hours in 21-day cycles.

Results: Of the 34 patients enrolled, 33 (median age, 59 years) received at least 1 dose of YM155 (range, 1-19 cycles). The dose levels studied were 1.8, 3.6, 4.8, 6.0, 8.0, and 10.6 mg/m2/d. The MTD was determined to be 8.0 mg/m2/d, based on a dose-limiting toxicity of increased blood creatinine observed in 2 patients receiving 10.6 mg/m2/d. The most common adverse reactions judged to be related to YM155 were urine microalbumin present; fever; injection-site phlebitis; fatigue; and decreased hemoglobin/anemia, blood albumin, and lymphocyte count. The pharmacokinetic profile was almost linear over the dosing range and was similar between cycles 1 and 2. Urinary excretion of YM155 showed no definite difference among doses. Stable disease was achieved in nine patients.

Conclusions: YM155 was safely administered to patients with advanced refractory solid tumors by 168-hour continuous i.v. infusion in 21-day cycles. The MTD was determined to be 8.0 mg/m2/d. The safety profile, plasma concentrations achieved, and antitumor activity observed merit further studies with this survivin suppressant, alone and in combination regimens.

  T Kondo , Y Hashimoto , H Kobayashi , J Iizuka , T Nishikawa , M Nakano and K. Tanabe
  Objectives

We retrospectively analyzed our patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma who underwent presurgical targeted therapy with tyrosine kinase inhibitors to clarify the safety and clinical benefit. The histopathological effect of this treatment was also examined.

Methods

Between July 2005 and February 2010, nine patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma who were treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors before surgery were the subjects of this study. Consolidative surgery was considered when these tumors showed clinical response or stable disease while on targeted therapy without evidence of disease progression at other sites.

Results

The agents used were sorafenib in seven patients and sunitinib in two. The median duration of presurgical therapy was 12.2 weeks, and seven patients had less than 4 months of treatment. Tumor reduction at 10–30% was obtained in all patients but one. Perioperative complications were observed in five of nine patients. Major complications occurred in two patients, including intraoperative excessive bleeding and delayed localized intraperitoneal abscess. Minor complications were found in three. The characteristics of the histopathological effect of tyrosine kinase inhibitors consisted of marked atrophy of the capillary sinus, confirming the pharmacological mechanisms of these agents. Other findings included nuclear pyknosis and degeneration of tumor cells.

Conclusions

Presurgical targeted therapy with tyrosine kinase inhibitors appears to be feasible in most patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma. However, the indications, the clinical benefit and the standard protocol still remain to be determined. Therapeutic effects in the histology were compatible to their pharmacological effects.

  J Seino , K Ishii , T Nakano , N Ishida , M Tsujimoto , Y Hashimoto and S. Takashima
 

Using the basic local alignment search tool (BLAST) algorithm to search the Oryza sativa (Japanese rice) nucleotide sequence databases with the Arabidopsis thaliana UDP-galactose transporter sequences as queries, we found a number of sequences encoding putative O. sativa UDP-galactose transporters. From these, we cloned four putative UDP-galactose transporters, designated OsUGT1, 2, 3 and 4, which exhibited high sequence similarity with Arabidopsis thaliana UDP-galactose transporters. OsUGT1, 2, 3 and 4 consisted of 350, 337, 345 and 358 amino acids, respectively, and all of these proteins were predicted to have multiple transmembrane domains. To examine the UDP-galactose transporter activity of the OsUGTs, we introduced the OsUGTs’ expression vectors into UDP-galactose transporter activity-deficient Lec8 cells. Our results showed that transfection with OsUGT1, 2 and 3 resulted in recovery of the deficit phenotype of Lec8 cells, but transfection with OsUGT4 did not. The results of an in vitro nucleotide sugar transport assay of OsUGTs, carried out with a yeast expression system, suggested that OsUGT4 is a UDP-glucose transporter rather than a UDP-galactose transporter. Although plants have multiple UDP-galactose transporter genes, phylogenic analysis indicates that plant UDP-galactose transporter genes are not necessarily evolutionary related to each other.

 
 
 
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