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Articles by Y Hao
Total Records ( 3 ) for Y Hao
  Y Hao , L Li , W Li , X Zhou and J. Lu
 

Bacterial virulence could be altered by the antimicrobial agents of the host. Our aim was to identify the damage and survival of Streptococcus sanguinis induced by lysozymes in vitro and to analyse the potential of oral microorganisms to shirk host defences, which cause infective endocarditis. S. sanguinis ATCC 10556 received lysozyme at concentrations of 12.5, 25, 50 and 100 µg/ml. Cells were examined by electron microscopy. The survival was assessed by colony counting and construction of a growth curve. Challenged by lysozymes, cells mainly exhibited cell wall damage, which seemed to increase with increasing lysozyme concentration and longer incubation period in the presence of ions. Cells with little as well as apparent lesion were observed under the same treatment set, and anomalous stick and huge rotund bodies were occasionally observed. After the removal of the lysozyme, some damaged cells could be reverted to its original form with brain heart infusion (BHI), and their growth curve was similar to the control cells. After further incubation in BHI containing lysozyme, S. sanguinis cell damage stopped progressing, and their growth curve was also similar to the control cells. The results suggested that the S. sanguinis lesions caused by the lysozyme in the oral cavity may be nonhomogeneous and that some damaged cells could self-repair and survive. It also indicated that S. sanguinis with damaged cell walls may survive and be transmitted in the bloodstream.

  X Kong , H Gan , Y Hao , C Cheng , J Jiang , Y Hong , J Yang , H Zhu , Y Chi , X Yun and J. Gu
 

CDK11p58, a CDK11 family Ser/Thr kinase, is a G2/M specific protein and contributed to regulation of cell cycle, transcription and apoptotic signal transduction. Recently, CDK11p58 has been reported to exert important functions in mitotic process, such as the regulation of bipolar spindle formation and sister chromatid cohesion. Here, we identified p21 activated kinase 1 (PAK1) as a new CDK11p58 substrate and we mapped a new phosphorylation site of Ser174 on PAK1. By mutagenesis, we created PAK1174A and PAK1174E, which mimic the dephosphorylated and phosphorylated form of PAK1; further analysis showed PAK1174E could be recruited to myosin V motor complex through binding to dynein light chain 2 (DLC2). PAK1174E could accelerate the mitosis progression in a nocodazole blocked cell model, while PAK1174A exhibited an opposite role. Our results indicated PAK1 may serve as a downstream effector of CDK11p58 during mitosis progression.

  Y Qin , W. H Meisen , Y Hao and I. G. Macara
 

An RNAi screen picks Tuba out of the GTPase exchange factor (GEF) orchestra as a regulator of cell polarity in epithelial morphogenesis. (See also a companion paper from Rodriguez-Fraticelli et al., in this issue.)

 
 
 
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