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Articles by Y Hamamoto
Total Records ( 3 ) for Y Hamamoto
  T Matsumoto , S Terai , T Oishi , S Kuwashiro , K Fujisawa , N Yamamoto , Y Fujita , Y Hamamoto , M Furutani Seiki , H Nishina and I. Sakaida
  Toshihiko Matsumoto, Shuji Terai, Toshiyuki Oishi, Shinya Kuwashiro, Koichi Fujisawa, Naoki Yamamoto, Yusuke Fujita, Yoshihiko Hamamoto, Makoto Furutani-Seiki, Hiroshi Nishina, and Isao Sakaida

The global incidence of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is increasing and current mammalian models of NASH are imperfect. We have developed a NASH model in the ricefish medaka (Oryzias latipes), which is based on feeding the fish a high-fat diet (HFD). Medaka that are fed a HFD (HFD-medaka) exhibited hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia, and histological examination of the liver revealed ballooning degeneration. The expression of lipogenic genes (SREBP-1c, FAS and ACC1) was increased, whereas the expression of lipolytic genes (PPARA and CPT1) was decreased. With respect to liver fatty acid composition, the concentrations of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and n-6 PUFAs had declined and the n-3:n-6 ratio was reduced. Treatment of HFD-medaka with the n-3 PUFA eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) mitigated disease, as judged by the restoration of normal liver fatty acid composition and normal expression levels of lipogenic and lipolytic genes. Moreover, medaka that were fed a diet deficient in n-3 PUFAs developed NASH features. Thus, NASH can be induced in medaka by a HFD, and the proportion of n-3 PUFAs in the liver influences the progress of NASH pathology in these fish. Our model should prove helpful for the dissection of the causes of human NASH and for the design of new and effective therapies.

  Y Hamamoto , M Kataoka , T Senba , K Uwatsu , Y Sugawara , T Inoue , S Sakai , S Aono , T Takahashi and S. Oda
  Objective

To find vertebral metastases with high risk of symptomatic malignant spinal cord compression (MSCC), features of vertebral metastases caused motor deficits of the lower extremities were examined.

Methods

From 2004 through 2006, 78 patients with metastases of the thoracic and/or the cervical spine were treated with radiation therapy (RT). Of these, 86 irradiated lesions in 73 patients were evaluable by magnetic resonance imaging and/or computed tomography at the initiation of RT and were reviewed retrospectively in this study. Twenty-eight patients (38%) had motor deficits at the initiation of RT. Assessed factors were age, sex, primary disease (lung, breast, digestive system and other cancer), lamina involvement, main level of tumor location and vertebral-body involvement.

Results

Incidence of motor deficits at the initiation of RT was 55% for lesions with lamina involvement and 5% for lesions without lamina involvement (P < 0.0001). Incidence of motor deficits was 15% for lesions located mainly in the cervical spine and/or the upper thoracic spine (Th1–4), 54% for lesions located mainly in the middle thoracic spine (MTS) (Th5–8) and 30% for lesions located mainly in the lower thoracic spine (Th9–12) (P = 0.0095). Age, sex, primary disease and vertebral-body involvement were not statistically significant factors for incidence of motor deficits due to MSCC (P > 0.9999, P = 0.7798, P = 0.1702 and P = 0.366, respectively).

Conclusions

Vertebral metastases with lamina involvement tended to cause symptomatic MSCC. Latent development of MSCC occurred more frequently in the MTS compared with other levels of the thoracic and the cervical spine.

  T Doi , N Boku , K Kato , Y Komatsu , K Yamaguchi , K Muro , Y Hamamoto , A Sato , W Koizumi , N Mizunuma and H. Takiuchi
  Objective

The addition of bevacizumab to fluoropyrimidine-based combination chemotherapy as first-line therapy for metastatic colorectal cancer results in clinically significant improvements in patient outcome. However, clinical trials have been conducted primarily in Caucasian patients with only a small proportion of Asian patients. This Phase I/II study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of XELOX (capecitabine plus oxaliplatin) plus bevacizumab in Japanese patients with metastatic colorectal cancer.

Methods

Patients with previously untreated, measurable metastatic colorectal cancer received bevacizumab 7.5 mg/kg and oxaliplatin 130 mg/m2 on day 1, plus capecitabine 1000 mg/m2 twice daily on days 1–14, every 3 weeks. A three-step design evaluated in: step 1, initial safety of XELOX in six patients; step 2, initial safety of XELOX plus bevacizumab in six patients; and step 3, efficacy and safety in a further 48 patients. The primary study endpoints were safety and response rate.

Results

No dose-limiting toxicity occurred during Steps 1 and 2. Fifty-eight patients were enrolled in Steps 2 and 3 and received XELOX plus bevacizumab. In the 57 patients assessed for response, the overall response rate was 72% (95% confidence interval, 58.5–83.0). Median progression-free survival was 11.0 months (95% confidence interval, 9.6–12.5) and median overall survival was 27.4 months (95% confidence interval, 22.0–not calculated). Eight patients (14%) underwent surgery with curative intent. The most common grade 3/4 adverse events were neurosensory toxicity (17%) and neutropenia (16%).

Conclusions

XELOX plus bevacizumab is effective and has a manageable tolerability profile when given to Japanese patients with metastatic colorectal cancer.

 
 
 
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