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Articles by Y Fujita
Total Records ( 5 ) for Y Fujita
  G Pestel , K Fukui , V Hartwich , P. M Schumacher , A Vogt , L. B Hiltebrand , A Kurz , Y Fujita , D Inderbitzin and D. Leibundgut
 

BACKGROUND: Difference in pulse pressure (dPP) reliably predicts fluid responsiveness in patients. We have developed a respiratory variation (RV) monitoring device (RV monitor), which continuously records both airway pressure and arterial blood pressure (ABP). We compared the RV monitor measurements with manual dPP measurements.

METHODS: ABP and airway pressure (PAW) from 24 patients were recorded. Data were fed to the RV monitor to calculate dPP and systolic pressure variation in two different ways: (a) considering both ABP and PAW (RV algorithm) and (b) ABP only (RVslim algorithm). Additionally, ABP and PAW were recorded intraoperatively in 10-min intervals for later calculation of dPP by manual assessment. Interobserver variability was determined. Manual dPP assessments were used for comparison with automated measurements. To estimate the importance of the PAW signal, RVslim measurements were compared with RV measurements.

RESULTS: For the 24 patients, 174 measurements (6–10 per patient) were recorded. Six observers assessed dPP manually in the first 8 patients (10-min interval, 53 measurements); no interobserver variability occurred using a computer-assisted method. Bland-Altman analysis showed acceptable bias and limits of agreement of the 2 automated methods compared with the manual method (RV: –0.33% ± 8.72% and RVslim: –1.74% ± 7.97%). The difference between RV measurements and RVslim measurements is small (bias –1.05%, limits of agreement 5.67%).

CONCLUSIONS: Measurements of the automated device are comparable with measurements obtained by human observers, who use a computer-assisted method. The importance of the PAW signal is questionable.

  Y Fujita , A Kakino , M Harada Shiba , Y Sato , K Otsui , R Yoshimoto and T. Sawamura
 

Background: C-reactive protein (CRP) increases in response to inflammation and is purported to be a risk factor for atherogenesis. We recently demonstrated that a scavenger receptor, lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor (LOX-1), is a receptor for CRP. In light of the overlapping ligand spectrum of scavenger receptors such as modified LDL, bacteria, and advanced glycation end products, we examined whether other scavenger receptors recognize CRP.

Methods: We analyzed the uptake of fluorescently labeled CRP in COS-7 cells expressing a series of scavenger receptors and in a monocytic cell line, THP-1, differentiated into macrophage with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA). We applied small interfering RNA (siRNA) against class-A scavenger receptor (SR-A) to THP-1 cells to suppress the expression of SR-A. We also analyzed the binding of nonlabeled CRP to immobilized recombinant LOX-1 and SR-A in vitro using anti-CRP antibody.

Results: COS-7 cells expressing LOX-1 and SR-A internalized fluorescently labeled CRP in a dose-dependent manner, but cells expressing CD36, SR-BI, or CD68 did not. The recombinant LOX-1 and SR-A proteins recognized nonlabeled purified CRP and native CRP in serum in vitro. THP-1 cells differentiated into macrophage-like cells by treatment with PMA-internalized fluorescently labeled CRP. siRNA against SR-A significantly and concomitantly inhibited the expression of SR-A (P < 0.01) and CRP uptake (P < 0.01), whereas control siRNA did not.

Conclusions: CRP is recognized by SR-A as well as LOX-1 and taken up via SR-A in a macrophage-like cell line. This process might be of significance in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic disease.

  N Inoue , T Okamura , Y Kokubo , Y Fujita , Y Sato , M Nakanishi , K Yanagida , A Kakino , S Iwamoto , M Watanabe , S Ogura , K Otsui , H Matsuda , K Uchida , R Yoshimoto and T. Sawamura
 

Background: Lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor 1 (LOX-1) is implicated in atherothrombotic diseases. Activation of LOX-1 in humans can be evaluated by use of the LOX index, obtained by multiplying the circulating concentration of LOX-1 ligands containing apolipoprotein B (LAB) times that of the soluble form of LOX-1 (sLOX-1) [LOX index = LAB x sLOX-1]. This study aimed to establish the prognostic value of the LOX index for coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke in a community-based cohort.

Methods: An 11-year cohort study of 2437 residents age 30–79 years was performed in an urban area located in Japan. Of these, we included in the analysis 1094 men and 1201 women without history of stroke and CHD. We measured LAB and sLOX-1 using ELISAs with recombinant LOX-1 and monoclonal anti–apolipoprotein B antibody and with 2 monoclonal antibodies against LOX-1, respectively.

Results: During the follow-up period, there were 68 incident cases of CHD and 91 cases of stroke (with 60 ischemic strokes). Compared with the bottom quartile, the hazard ratio (HR) of the top quartile of LOX index was 1.74 (95% CI 0.92–3.30) for stroke and 2.09 (1.00–4.35) for CHD after adjusting for sex, age, body mass index, drinking, smoking, hypertension, diabetes, non-HDL cholesterol, and use of lipid-lowering agents. Compared with the bottom quartile of LOX index, the fully adjusted HRs for ischemic stroke were consistently high from the second to the top quartile: 3.39 (95% CI 1.34–8.53), 3.15 (1.22–8.13) and 3.23 (1.24–8.37), respectively.

Conclusions: Higher LOX index values were associated with an increased risk of CHD. Low LOX index values may be protective against ischemic stroke.

  T Matsumoto , S Terai , T Oishi , S Kuwashiro , K Fujisawa , N Yamamoto , Y Fujita , Y Hamamoto , M Furutani Seiki , H Nishina and I. Sakaida
  Toshihiko Matsumoto, Shuji Terai, Toshiyuki Oishi, Shinya Kuwashiro, Koichi Fujisawa, Naoki Yamamoto, Yusuke Fujita, Yoshihiko Hamamoto, Makoto Furutani-Seiki, Hiroshi Nishina, and Isao Sakaida

The global incidence of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is increasing and current mammalian models of NASH are imperfect. We have developed a NASH model in the ricefish medaka (Oryzias latipes), which is based on feeding the fish a high-fat diet (HFD). Medaka that are fed a HFD (HFD-medaka) exhibited hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia, and histological examination of the liver revealed ballooning degeneration. The expression of lipogenic genes (SREBP-1c, FAS and ACC1) was increased, whereas the expression of lipolytic genes (PPARA and CPT1) was decreased. With respect to liver fatty acid composition, the concentrations of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and n-6 PUFAs had declined and the n-3:n-6 ratio was reduced. Treatment of HFD-medaka with the n-3 PUFA eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) mitigated disease, as judged by the restoration of normal liver fatty acid composition and normal expression levels of lipogenic and lipolytic genes. Moreover, medaka that were fed a diet deficient in n-3 PUFAs developed NASH features. Thus, NASH can be induced in medaka by a HFD, and the proportion of n-3 PUFAs in the liver influences the progress of NASH pathology in these fish. Our model should prove helpful for the dissection of the causes of human NASH and for the design of new and effective therapies.

  Y Fujita , M Oe , T Tutsumino , S Morino , H Imataka , K Tomoo and T. Ishida
 

The interactions of recombinant human eIF4A (4A) and its N- and C-terminal side domains (AN and AC, respectively) with the middle- and C-terminal-domain-linked fragment (GMC) of eIF4G and its middle and C-terminal domains (GM and GC, respectively) were investigated by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) analysis and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC). It is remarkable that the kinetic parameter-dependent SPR profile observed for the 4A–GMC pair was quite different from the steady affinity profiles of the 4A–GM/GC pairs, suggesting the simultaneous contribution of the middle and C-terminal domains of eIF4G for the binding with eIF4A. On the other hand, ITC yielded the enthalpy energies of –1.5 x 104 to –2.5 x 104 J/mol for the domain–domain interactions of 4A with GMC. Although the ITC profile of the 4A–GM pair reflects well the structural feature shown previously by NMR and X-ray analyses, it was essentially different from that of the 4A-GMC pair. The present results suggest that the intimate interaction between the eIF4A N- and C-terminal domains and the eIF4G middle and C-terminal domains is necessary to reveal the biologically active function of the eIF4A–eIF4G complex.

 
 
 
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