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Articles by Y Enomoto
Total Records ( 2 ) for Y Enomoto
  Y Seo , T Ishizu , Y Enomoto , H Sugimori , M Yamamoto , T Machino , R Kawamura and K. Aonuma

Background— Three-dimensional speckle tracking imaging (3D-STI) has been introduced to assess regional left ventricular (LV) myocardial function. This study was designed to validate LV strain measurements by 3D-STI against data obtained by sonomicrometry.

Methods and Results— In each of 10 anesthetized sheep, sonomicrometry crystals were implanted on the endocardium and epicardium at the LV basal, mid, and apical anterior and lateral walls. LV 3D-STI data sets were obtained from the apical approach at a frame rate of approximately 30 frames/s. Segmental longitudinal (LS), radial (RS), and circumferential strain (CS) measurements by 3D-STI were compared with those by sonomicrometry at baseline and during pharmacological stress tests (dobutamine and propranolol infusion) and acute myocardial ischemia induced by coronary artery occlusion. Data were available from 136 LS, 108 CS, and 175 RS measurements. Good correlations were observed between strain measurements by 3D-STI and those by sonomicrometry (LS: r=0.89, P<0.001; RS: r=0.84, P<0.001; CS: r=0.90, P<0.001). In each segmental study, significant correlations of the 3 strain components were observed (LS: r=0.65 to 0.68, P<0.001; RS: r=0.59 to 0.70, P<0.001; CS: r=0.71 to 0.78, P<0.001).

Conclusions— The newly developed 3D-STI technique can estimate LV regional circumferential, longitudinal, and radial strain components with reasonable correlation to sonomicrometry data. This methodology could be applied clinically to assess alteration of myocardial function by accurately measuring strain in basal, mid, and apical LV segments, even during pharmacological and ischemic interventions. Therefore, 3D-STI appears to be a reliable tool to assess LV regional wall function.

  Y Yamanishi , J Kitaura , K Izawa , A Kaitani , Y Komeno , M Nakamura , S Yamazaki , Y Enomoto , T Oki , H Akiba , T Abe , T Komori , Y Morikawa , H Kiyonari , T Takai , K Okumura and T. Kitamura

Leukocyte mono-immunoglobulin (Ig)–like receptor 5 (LMIR5)/CD300b is a DAP12-coupled activating receptor predominantly expressed in myeloid cells. The ligands for LMIR have not been reported. We have identified T cell Ig mucin 1 (TIM1) as a possible ligand for LMIR5 by retrovirus-mediated expression cloning. TIM1 interacted only with LMIR5 among the LMIR family, whereas LMIR5 interacted with TIM4 as well as TIM1. The Ig-like domain of LMIR5 bound to TIM1 in the vicinity of the phosphatidylserine (PS)-binding site within the Ig-like domain of TIM1. Unlike its binding to TIM1 or TIM4, LMIR5 failed to bind to PS. LMIR5 binding did not affect TIM1- or TIM4-mediated phagocytosis of apoptotic cells, and stimulation with TIM1 or TIM4 induced LMIR5-mediated activation of mast cells. Notably, LMIR5 deficiency suppressed TIM1-Fc–induced recruitment of neutrophils in the dorsal air pouch, and LMIR5 deficiency attenuated neutrophil accumulation in a model of ischemia/reperfusion injury in the kidneys in which TIM1 expression is up-regulated. In that model, LMIR5 deficiency resulted in ameliorated tubular necrosis and cast formation in the acute phase. Collectively, our results indicate that TIM1 is an endogenous ligand for LMIR5 and that the TIM1–LMIR5 interaction plays a physiological role in immune regulation by myeloid cells.

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