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Articles by Y Eguchi
Total Records ( 2 ) for Y Eguchi
  T Imaizumi , Y Higaki , M Hara , T Sakamoto , M Horita , T Mizuta , Y Eguchi , T Yasutake , I Ozaki , K Yamamoto , S Onohara , S Kawazoe , H Shigematsu , S Koizumi , S Kudo and K. Tanaka
 

Limited epidemiological evidence suggests that genetic polymorphisms of drug-metabolizing enzymes such as cytochrome P450 (CYP), glutathione S-transferase (GST) and N-acetyltransferase (NAT) may be involved in tobacco-related hepatocarcinogenesis. We conducted a case–control study, including 209 incident cases with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and two different control groups [275 hospital controls and 381 patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) without HCC], to investigate whether CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP2A6, CYP2E1, GSTM1 and NAT2 polymorphisms are related to the risk of HCC with any interaction with cigarette smoking. Overall, no significant associations with HCC were observed for any genotypes against either control group. However, we found a significant interaction (P = 0.0045) between CYP1A2 -3860G>A polymorphism and current smoking on HCC risk when we compared HCC cases with CLD patients; adjusted odds ratios [ORs; and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)] for G/A and A/A genotypes relative to G/G genotype were 0.28 (0.12–0.66) and 0.18 (0.04–0.94), respectively, among current smokers (P trend = 0.002), as compared with 1.28 (0.80–2.06) and 0.76 (0.34–1.71), respectively, among never/former smokers (P trend = 0.96). Similarly, in CYP1A2 G/G genotype, significant risk increase was observed for current smoking (OR = 4.08, 95% CI = 2.02–8.25) or more recent cigarette use (e.g. pack-years during last 5 years, P trend = 0.0003) but not in G/A and A/A genotypes combined (OR for current smoking = 1.39, 95% CI = 0.63–3.03; P trend for pack-years during last 5 years = 0.40). These results suggest that the CYP1A2 -3860G>A polymorphism modifies the smoking-related HCC risk among CLD patients.

  H Tsujii , Y Eguchi , A Chenchik , T Mizutani , K Yamada and Y. Tsujimoto
 

We report the construction and application of a mammalian genome-wide RNAi library. The oligodeoxynucleotides encoding ~200,000 shRNA sequences that targeted 47,400 human transcripts were inserted into a lentivirus vector pFIV-H1-puro, and a pool of pseudovirus particles with a complexity of ~200,000 were used to infect target cells. From the cells surviving apoptogenic Fas stimulation, four candidate shRNA sequences were obtained that provided resistance to Fas-induced cell death, including two shRNAs for caspase-8, an shRNA for Bid, and an shRNA for Fas. The reconstructed shRNAs with these sequences were shown to reduce expression of the respective gene products and increase survival after Fas stimulation. When similar selection was performed for tunicamycin-induced apoptosis, no shRNA strongly inhibiting tunicamycin-induced cell death was isolated, although a few reconstructed shRNAs led to a slight increase of survival. Thus, this genome-wide shRNA library proved useful for selection of genes that are involved in cell death, but some limitation was also revealed.

 
 
 
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