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Articles by Y Dong
Total Records ( 5 ) for Y Dong
  Y Dong and B. Li

Many classical dimension reduction methods, especially those based on inverse conditional moments, require the predictors to have elliptical distributions, or at least to satisfy a linearity condition. Such conditions, however, are too strong for some applications. Li and Dong (2009) introduced the notion of the central solution space and used it to modify first-order methods, such as sliced inverse regression, so that they no longer rely on these conditions. In this paper we generalize this idea to second-order methods, such as sliced average variance estimation and directional regression. In doing so we demonstrate that the central solution space is a versatile framework: we can use it to modify essentially all inverse conditional moment-based methods to relax the distributional assumption on the predictors. Simulation studies and an application show a substantial improvement of the modified methods over their classical counterparts.

  Y. C Liao , N. T Chen , Y. P Shih , Y Dong and S. H. Lo

C-terminal tensin-like (cten) is a focal adhesion molecule belonging to the tensin family. Previous studies have suggested that cten may function as a prostate-specific tumor suppressor. Here, we show that although cten is expressed at a very low level in normal colon, its expression is significantly up-regulated in colon cancer. Furthermore, a high population of cten is found in the nucleus, where it interacts with β-catenin, a critical player in the canonical Wnt pathway. This interaction may contribute to the role of cten in enhancing the colony formation, anchorage-independent growth, and invasiveness of colon cancer cells. Our studies have identified cten as a novel nuclear partner of β-catenin, showed an oncogenic activity of cten in colon cancers, and revealed cten as a potential biomarker and target for colon cancers. [Cancer Res 2009;69(11):4563–6]

  Y Dong , B Lu , X Zhang , J Zhang , L Lai , D Li , Y Wu , Y Song , J Luo , X Pang , Z Yi and M. Liu

Cucurbitacin E (CuE, -elaterin), a tetracyclic triterpenes compound from folk traditional Chinese medicine plants, has been shown to inhibit cancer cell growth, inflammatory response and bilirubin–albumin binding. However, the effects of CuE on tumor angiogenesis and its potential molecular mechanism are still unknown. Here, we demonstrated that CuE significantly inhibited human umbilical vascular endothelial cell (HUVEC) proliferation, migration and tubulogenesis in vitro and blocked angiogenesis in chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane assay and mouse corneal angiogenesis model in vivo. Furthermore, we found that CuE remarkably induced HUVEC apoptosis, inhibited tumor angiogenesis and suppressed human prostate tumor growth in xenograft tumor model. Finally, we showed that CuE blocked vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) 2-mediated Janus kinase (Jak) 2–signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 3 signaling pathway in endothelial cells and suppressed the downstream protein kinases, such as extracellular signal-regulated kinase and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases. Therefore, our studies provided the first evidence that CuE inhibited tumor angiogenesis by inhibiting VEGFR2-mediated Jak–STAT3 and mitogen-activated protein kinases signaling pathways and CuE is a potential candidate in angiogenesis-related disease therapy.

  S Li , B. J Scherlag , L Yu , X Sheng , Y Zhang , R Ali , Y Dong , M Ghias and S. S. Po

Background— We used high-frequency stimulation delivered during the refractory period of the atrium and pulmonary veins (PVs) to induce focal firing and atrial fibrillation (AF). This study was designed to demonstrate that bilateral low-level vagosympathetic nerve stimulation (LL-VNS) could suppress high-frequency stimulation-induced focal AF at atrial and PV sites.

Methods and Results— In 23 dogs anesthetized with Na-pentobarbital, electrodes in the vagosympathetic trunks allowed LL-VNS at 1 V below that which slowed the sinus rate or atrioventricular conduction. Multielectrode catheters were fixed at the right and left superior and inferior PVs and both atrial appendages. LL-VNS continued for 3 hours. At the end of each hour, the high-frequency stimulation algorithm consisting of a 40-ms train of stimuli (200 Hz; stimulus duration, 0.1 to 1.0 ms) was delivered 2 ms after the atrial pacing stimulus during the refractory period at each PV and atrial appendages site. The lowest voltage of high-frequency stimulation that induced AF was defined as the AF threshold. Five dogs without LL-VNS served as sham controls. Six dogs underwent LL-VNS after transection of bilateral vagosympathetic trunks. LL-VNS induced a progressive increase in AF threshold at all PV and atrial appendages sites, particularly significant (P<0.05) at the right superior PV, right inferior PV, left superior PV, and right atrial appendage. Bilateral vagosympathetic transection did not significantly alter the previous findings, and the 5 sham control dogs did not show changes in AF threshold at any site over a period of 3 hours.

Conclusions— LL-VNS may prevent episodic AF caused by rapid PV and non-PV firing.

  J Liu , Y Song , B Tian , J Qian , Y Dong , B Liu and Z. Sun

It is well established that promyelocytic leukaemia nuclear bodies (PML NBs) play important roles in DNA damage responses (DDR). After irradiation, PML NBs dynamically recruit or release important proteins involved in cell-cycle regulation, DNA repair and apoptosis. As PML protein is the key molecule of PML NBs’ dynamic assembling, we aimed to characterize the PML-interacting proteins in 60Co-irradiated MCF-7 cells. A proteomic approach using CoIP, mono-dimensional electrophoresis and tandem mass spectrometry, allowed us to identify a total of 124 proteins that may associate with PML after irradiation. Bioinformatic analysis of the identified proteins showed that most of them were related to characterized PML functions, such as transcriptional regulation, cell-cycle regulation, cell-death regulation and response to stress. Four proteins, B23, MVP, G3BP1 and DHX9, were verified to co-localize with PML differentially before and after ionizing radiation (IR) treatment. The proteins identified in this study will significantly improve our understanding of the dynamic organization and multiple functions of PML NBs in DDR.

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