Asian Science Citation Index is committed to provide an authoritative, trusted and significant information by the coverage of the most important and influential journals to meet the needs of the global scientific community.  
ASCI Database
308-Lasani Town,
Sargodha Road,
Faisalabad, Pakistan
Fax: +92-41-8815544
Contact Via Web
Suggest a Journal
Articles by Y Bai
Total Records ( 13 ) for Y Bai
  G Wang , X Zhou , Y Bai , Z Zhang and D. Zhao

Prion diseases are infectious and fatal neurodegenerative disorders. The cellular prion protein (PrPC) converting into misfolded isoform of prion protein (PrPSc) is responsible for prion disease infection. Immune system plays an important role in facilitating the spread of prion infections from the periphery to the central nervous system. Macrophages were considered associated with the transportation and replication of PrPSc. So, understanding the PrPC trafficking in macrophages is important to explore the transport mechanism for PrPSc. Here, we isolated exosomes from the culture medium of Ana-1 macrophage cell line and investigated the PrPC trafficked by exosomes and the interaction of PrPC with Hsp70 in secreted exosomes by western blotting, immunoelectron microscopy, and co-immunoprecipitation. The results showed that the isolated vesicles from the culture medium of macrophages were characterized by exosomes and bore PrPC. And PrPC bound to Hsp70 both in intracellular environment and secreted exosomes. In contrast, PrPC had no interaction with marker proteins of exosomes, Tag101 and Flotillin-1. These results suggested that PrPC present in extracellular space might be externalized through secreted exosomes from macrophages, and Hsp70 may play roles in the process of PrPC released via secreted exosomes.

  Y Bai and M. J. Sanderson

To determine the relative contributions of Ca2+ signaling and Ca2+ sensitivity to the contractility of airway smooth muscle cells (SMCs), we compared the contractile responses of mouse and rat airways with the lung slice technique. Airway contraction was measured by monitoring changes in airway lumen area with phase-contrast microscopy, whereas changes in intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) of the SMCs were recorded with laser scanning microscopy. In mice and rats, methacholine (MCh) or serotonin induced concentration-dependent airway contraction and Ca2+ oscillations in the SMCs. However, rat airways demonstrated greater contraction compared with mice, in response to agonist-induced Ca2+ oscillations of a similar frequency. Because this indicates that rat airway SMCs have a higher Ca2+ sensitivity compared with mice, we examined Ca2+ sensitivity with Ca2+-permeabilized airway SMCs in which the [Ca2+]i was experimentally controlled. In the absence of agonists, high [Ca2+]i induced a sustained contraction in rat airways but only a transient contraction in mouse airways. This sustained contraction of rat airways was relaxed by Y-23672, a Rho kinase inhibitor, but not affected by GF-109203X, a PKC inhibitor. The subsequent exposure of Ca2+-permeabilized airway SMCs, with high [Ca2+]i, to MCh elicited a further contraction of rat airways and initiated a sustained contraction of mouse airways, without changing the [Ca2+]i of the SMCs. Collectively, these results indicate that airway SMCs of rats have a substantially higher innate Ca2+ sensitivity than mice and that this strongly influences the transduction of the frequency of Ca2+ oscillations into the contractility of airway SMCs.

  Y Lu , Y Zhang , N Wang , Z Pan , X Gao , F Zhang , H Shan , X Luo , Y Bai , L Sun , W Song , C Xu , Z Wang and B. Yang

A characteristic of both clinical and experimental atrial fibrillation (AF) is atrial electric remodeling associated with profound reduction of L-type Ca2+ current and shortening of the action potential duration. The possibility that microRNAs (miRNAs) may be involved in this process has not been tested. Accordingly, we assessed the potential role of miRNAs in regulating experimental AF.

Methods and Results—

The miRNA transcriptome was analyzed by microarray and verified by real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction with left atrial samples from dogs with AF established by right atrial tachypacing for 8 weeks and from human atrial samples from AF patients with rheumatic heart disease. miR-223, miR-328, and miR-664 were found to be upregulated by >2 fold, whereas miR-101, miR-320, and miR-499 were downregulated by at least 50%. In particular, miR-328 level was elevated by 3.9-fold in AF dogs and 3.5-fold in AF patients relative to non-AF subjects. Computational prediction identified CACNA1C and CACNB1, which encode cardiac L-type Ca2+ channel 1c- and β1 subunits, respectively, as potential targets for miR-328. Forced expression of miR-328 through adenovirus infection in canine atrium and transgenic approach in mice recapitulated the phenotypes of AF, exemplified by enhanced AF vulnerability, diminished L-type Ca2+ current, and shortened atrial action potential duration. Normalization of miR-328 level with antagomiR reversed the conditions, and genetic knockdown of endogenous miR-328 dampened AF vulnerability. CACNA1C and CACNB1 as the cognate target genes for miR-328 were confirmed by Western blot and luciferase activity assay showing the reciprocal relationship between the levels of miR-328 and L-type Ca2+ channel protein subunits.


miR-328 contributes to the adverse atrial electric remodeling in AF through targeting L-type Ca2+ channel genes. The study therefore uncovered a novel molecular mechanism for AF and indicated miR-328 as a potential therapeutic target for AF.

  J Pi , Y Bai , K. W Daniel , D Liu , O Lyght , D Edelstein , M Brownlee , B. E Corkey and S. Collins

Uncoupling protein (UCP) 2 is a widely expressed mitochondrial protein whose precise function is still unclear but has been linked to mitochondria-derived reactive oxygen species production. Thus, the chronic absence of UCP2 has the potential to promote persistent reactive oxygen species accumulation and an oxidative stress response. Here, we show that Ucp2–/– mice on three highly congenic (N >10) strain backgrounds (C57BL/6J, A/J, 129/SvImJ), including two independently generated sources of Ucp2-null animals, all exhibit increased oxidative stress. Ucp2-null animals exhibit a decreased ratio of reduced glutathione to its oxidized form in blood and tissues that normally express UCP2, including pancreatic islets. Islets from Ucp2–/– mice exhibit elevated levels of numerous antioxidant enzymes, increased nitrotyrosine and F4/80 staining, but no change in insulin content. Contrary to results in Ucp2–/– mice of mixed 129/B6 strain background, glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in Ucp2–/– islets of each congenic strain was significantly decreased. These data show that the chronic absence of UCP2 causes oxidative stress, including in islets, and is accompanied by impaired glucose-stimulated insulin secretion.

  G. J Sullivan , Y Bai , J Fletcher and I. Wilmut

Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) may be obtained by direct reprogramming of different somatic cells to a pluripotent state by forced expression of a handful of transcription factors. It was generally assumed that iPSCs are functionally equivalent to their embryonic stem cell (ESC) counterparts. Recently, a number of research groups have demonstrated that this is not the case, showing that iPSCs retain ‘epigenetic memory’ of the donor tissue from which they were derived and display skewed differentiation potential. This raises the question whether such cells are fit for experimental, diagnostic or therapeutic purpose. A brief survey of the literature illustrates that differences at both epigenetic and transcriptome level are observed between various pluripotent stem cell populations. Interestingly, iPSC populations with perceived ‘anomalies’ can be coaxed to a more ESC-like cellular state either by continuous passaging—which attenuates these epigenetic differences—or treatment with small molecules that target the machinery responsible for remodelling the genome. This suggests that the establishment of an epigenetic status approximating an ESC counterpart is largely a passive process. The mechanisms responsible remain to be established. Meanwhile, other areas of reprogramming are rapidly evolving such as, trans-differentiation of one somatic cell type to another by the forced expression of key transcription factors. When it comes to assessing their practical usefulness, the same question will also apply.

  A Wyce , Y Bai , S Nagpal and C. C. Thompson

Androgen signaling through the androgen receptor (AR), a ligand-dependent transcription factor within the steroid receptor superfamily, plays an important role in the development and maintenance of many tissues. In muscle, androgens act as anabolic agents that increase both muscle mass and strength; however, a key unanswered question is the mechanism through which AR-mediated gene expression leads to these effects. To gain further insight into the mechanism of AR action in muscle, we identified AR-binding sites in primary human muscle cells using ChIP-on-Chip (chromatin immunoprecipitation coupled with tiling microarray detection of genomic fragments). Through this analysis, we identified 32,518 potential AR-binding sites throughout the genome that were enriched upon androgen treatment. Sequence analysis of these regions indicated that approximately 90% possess a consensus androgen response element or half-site. Among the identified AR-binding sites are genes known to be directly regulated by AR, confirming the validity of our methodology. Additionally, we identified a number of novel AR targets, including genes and micro-RNAs implicated in muscle differentiation and function, suggesting a direct role for AR-mediated transcription in muscle development. Intriguingly, binding sequences for the Mef2 family of transcription factors were enriched in the AR-bound regions, and we show that several Mef2c-dependent genes are direct targets of AR, suggesting a functional interaction between Mef2c and AR in skeletal muscle. Our results provide new insights into the mechanisms by which androgens promote muscle growth and validate AR as a potential therapeutic target for sarcopenia, muscle wasting, and other androgen-related muscle disorders.

  J. F Perez Zoghbi , Y Bai and M. J. Sanderson

Nitric oxide (NO) induces airway smooth muscle cell (SMC) relaxation, but the underlying mechanism is not well understood. Consequently, we investigated the effects of NO on airway SMC contraction, Ca2+ signaling, and Ca2+ sensitivity in mouse lung slices with phase-contrast and confocal microscopy. Airways that were contracted in response to the agonist 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) transiently relaxed in response to the NO donor, NOC-5. This NO-induced relaxation was enhanced by zaprinast or vardenafil, two selective inhibitors of cGMP-specific phosphodiesterase-5, but blocked by ODQ, an inhibitor of soluble guanylyl cyclase, and by Rp-8-pCPT-cGMPS, an inhibitor of protein kinase G (PKG). Simultaneous measurements of airway caliber and SMC [Ca2+]i revealed that airway contraction induced by 5-HT correlated with the occurrence of Ca2+ oscillations in the airway SMCs. Airway relaxation induced by NOC-5 was accompanied by a decrease in the frequency of these Ca2+ oscillations. The cGMP analogues and selective PKG activators 8Br-cGMP and 8pCPT-cGMP also induced airway relaxation and decreased the frequency of the Ca2+ oscillations. NOC-5 inhibited the increase of [Ca2+]i and contraction induced by the photolytic release of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) in airway SMCs. The effect of NO on the Ca2+ sensitivity of the airway SMCs was examined in lung slices permeabilized to Ca2+ by treatment with caffeine and ryanodine. Neither NOC-5 nor 8pCPT-cGMP induced relaxation in agonist-contracted Ca2+-permeabilized airways. Consequently, we conclude that NO, acting via the cGMP–PKG pathway, induced airway SMC relaxation by predominately inhibiting the release of Ca2+ via the IP3 receptor to decrease the frequency of agonist-induced Ca2+ oscillations.

Copyright   |   Desclaimer   |    Privacy Policy   |   Browsers   |   Accessibility