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Articles by Y Akiyama
Total Records ( 4 ) for Y Akiyama
  Y Hashimoto , Y Akiyama , T Otsubo , S Shimada and Y. Yuasa
 

Aberrant expression of microRNA (miRNA) has been reported in various cancers. To clarify the role of miRNA in gastric carcinogenesis, we performed miRNA microarray analysis and investigated expression changes of miRNAs in a 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-aza-CdR)-treated gastric cancer cell line, KATO-III. On microarray analysis, five miRNAs were found to be upregulated (>3-fold) after 5-aza-CdR treatment compared with untreated cells. Among them, miR-181c and miR-432AS exhibited CpG islands in their upstream sequences on computational analysis, and their upregulation was verified by reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction analyses. In particular, miR-181c upregulation was found not only in KATO-III but also in two other gastric and one colorectal cancer cell line with 5-aza-CdR treatment. Decreased expression of miR-181c was observed in 9 of 16 primary gastric carcinoma (GC) cases compared with the corresponding non-cancerous stomach tissues. Hypermethylation signals in the upstream region of miR-181c were observed in some cultured and primary GC cells with negative or low miR-181c expression. Transfection of the precursor miR-181c molecule induced decreased growth of two gastric cancer cell lines, KATO-III and MKN45. As for targets of miR-181c, oncogenic NOTCH4 and KRAS were identified by complementary DNA microarray analysis after precursor miR-181c molecule transfection, computational searches of miRNA target databases and reporter assaying using the 3'-untranslated regions of the two genes. These results indicate that miR-181c may be silenced through methylation and play important roles in gastric carcinogenesis through its target genes, such as NOTCH4 and KRAS.

  D. M.E.I Hellebrekers , M. H.F.M Lentjes , S. M van den Bosch , V Melotte , K. A.D Wouters , K. L.J Daenen , K. M Smits , Y Akiyama , Y Yuasa , S Sanduleanu , C. A.J Khalid de Bakker , D Jonkers , M. P Weijenberg , J Louwagie , W van Criekinge , B Carvalho , G. A Meijer , S. B Baylin , J. G Herman , A. P de Bruine and M. van Engeland
 

Purpose: The transcription factors GATA4 and GATA5 are involved in gastrointestinal development and are inactivated by promoter hypermethylation in colorectal cancer. Here, we evaluated GATA4/5 promoter methylation as potential biomarkers for noninvasive colorectal cancer detection, and investigated the role of GATA4/5 in colorectal cancer.

Experimental Design: Promoter methylation of GATA4/5 was analyzed in colorectal tissue and fecal DNA from colorectal cancer patients and healthy controls using methylation-specific PCR. The potential function of GATA4/5 as tumor suppressors was studied by inducing GATA4/5 overexpression in human colorectal cancer cell lines.

Results: GATA4/5 methylation was observed in 70% (63/90) and 79% (61/77) of colorectal carcinomas, respectively, and was independent of clinicopathologic features. Methylation frequencies in normal colon tissues from noncancerous controls were 6% (5 of 88, GATA4; P < 0.001) and 13% (13 of 100, GATA5; P < 0.001). GATA4/5 overexpression suppressed colony formation (P < 0.005), proliferation (P < 0.001), migration (P < 0.05), invasion (P < 0.05), and anchorage-independent growth (P < 0.0001) of colorectal cancer cells. Examination of GATA4 methylation in fecal DNA from two independent series of colorectal cancer patients and controls yielded a sensitivity of 71% [95% confidence interval (95% CI), 55-88%] and specificity of 84% (95% CI, 74–95%) for colorectal cancer detection in the training set, and a sensitivity of 51% (95% CI, 37–65%) and specificity of 93% (95% CI, 84-100%) in the validation set.

Conclusions: Methylation of GATA4/5 is a common and specific event in colorectal carcinomas, and GATA4/5 exhibit tumor suppressive effects in colorectal cancer cells in vitro. GATA4 methylation in fecal DNA may be of interest for colorectal cancer detection.

  K Fujita , H Nakayama , W Ichikawa , W Yamamoto , H Endo , F Nagashima , R Tanaka , T Miya , Y Sunakawa , K Yamashita , K Mizuno , H Ishida , K Araki , M Narabayashi , K Miwa , Y Ando , Y Akiyama , K Kawara , T Hirose and Y. Sasaki
 

S-1 is an oral anticancer agent that combines tegafur, a prodrug of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), and 5-chloro-2,4-dihydroxypyridine (CDHP), an inhibitor of dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase. We examined the effects of aging on the pharmacokinetics of the components of S-1. The median area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) of active 5-FU did not significantly differ between 10 patients 75 years or older and 53 patients younger than 75 years (P = 0.598, Mann-Whitney U test). It is interesting to note that the median oral clearance of tegafur in patients 75 years or older was significantly lower than that in patients younger than 75 years (P = 0.011). Furthermore, the median AUC of CDHP was significantly higher in patients 75 years or older than in those younger than 75 years (P = 0.004). This effect was caused by reduced renal function in the elderly, because CDHP is excreted in the urine by glomerular filtration. The opposing effects of aging on the oral clearance of tegafur and the AUC of CDHP may offset each other, leading to unchanged systemic exposure of 5-FU.

  K Fujita , H Nakayama , W Ichikawa , W Yamamoto , H Endo , F Nagashima , R Tanaka , T Miya , Y Sunakawa , K Yamashita , K Mizuno , H Ishida , K Araki , M Narabayashi , K Miwa , Y Ando , Y Akiyama , K Kawara , T Hirose and Y. Sasaki
 

S-1 is an oral anticancer agent that combines tegafur, a prodrug of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), and 5-chloro-2,4-dihydroxypyridine (CDHP), an inhibitor of dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase. We examined the effects of aging on the pharmacokinetics of the components of S-1. The median area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) of active 5-FU did not significantly differ between 10 patients 75 years or older and 53 patients younger than 75 years (P = 0.598, Mann-Whitney U test). It is interesting to note that the median oral clearance of tegafur in patients 75 years or older was significantly lower than that in patients younger than 75 years (P = 0.011). Furthermore, the median AUC of CDHP was significantly higher in patients 75 years or older than in those younger than 75 years (P = 0.004). This effect was caused by reduced renal function in the elderly, because CDHP is excreted in the urine by glomerular filtration. The opposing effects of aging on the oral clearance of tegafur and the AUC of CDHP may offset each other, leading to unchanged systemic exposure of 5-FU.

 
 
 
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