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Articles by Xuetao Cao
Total Records ( 2 ) for Xuetao Cao
  Xiaojian Wang , Bin Liu , Nan Li , Hongzhe Li , Jianming Qiu , Yuanyuan Zhang and Xuetao Cao
  Protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) is a major serine/threonine phosphatase that controls gene expression and cell cycle progression. Here we describe the characterization of a novel inhibitory molecule for PP1, human inhibitor-5 of protein phosphatase 1 (IPP5). We find that IPP5, containing the PP1 inhibitory subunits, specifically interacts with the PP1 catalytic subunit and inhibits PP1 phosphatase activity. Furthermore, the mutation of Thr-40 within the inhibitory subunit of IPP5 into Ala eliminates the phosphorylation of IPP5 by protein kinase A and its inhibitor activity to PP1, whereas the mutation of Thr-40 within a truncated form of IPP5 into Asp can serve as a dominant active form of IPP5 in inhibiting PP1 activity. In IPP5-negative SW480 and IPP5-highly positive SW620 human colon cancer cells, we find that overexpression of IPP5 promotes the growth and accelerates the G1-S transition of SW480 cells in a Thr-40-dependent manner, which could be reversed by downregulation of the PP1 expression. Moreover, silencing of IPP5 inhibits the growth of SW620 cells both in vitro and in nude mice possibly by inducing G0/G1 arrest but not by promoting apoptosis. According to its role in the promotion of cell cycle progression and cell growth, IPP5 up-regulates the expression of cyclin E and the phosphorylated form of retinoblastoma protein. Our findings suggest that IPP5, by acting as an inhibitory molecule for PP1, can promote tumor cell growth and cell cycle progression, and may be a promising target in cancer therapeutics in IPP5-highly expressing tumor cells.
  Chunmei Wang , Nan Li , Xingguang Liu , Yuanyuan Zheng and Xuetao Cao
  Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) regulates numerous physiological functions. Inhibition of CaMKII activity, mostly by synthetic reagents, has been proved to suppress cell growth in many cases. So far there are no reports about the physiological functions and underlying mechanisms of endogenous CaMKII inhibitory proteins in cell cycle progression. Here we report the characterization of a novel human endogenous CaMKII inhibitor, human CaMKII inhibitory protein α (hCaMKIINα), which directly interacts with activated CaMKII and effectively inhibits CaMKII activity. hCaMKIINα expression is negatively correlated with the severity of human colon adenocarcinoma. Overexpression of hCaMKIINα inhibits colon adenocarcinoma growth in vitro and in vivo by arresting the cell cycle at the S phase through its conserved inhibitory region (27CIR), whereas silencing the hCaMKIINα expression accelerates tumor growth and cell cycle progression. We found that the effect of hCaMKIINα on cell cycle is correlated with up-regulation of p27 expression, which may be due to the inhibition of proteasome degradation, but not transcriptional regulation, of p27. Moreover, hCaMKIINα deactivated MEK/ERK, which is prerequisite to the inhibition of Thr-187 phosphorylation and subsequent proteasomal degradation of p27, causing the inhibition of S-phase progression of cell cycle. The findings underscore a link between hCaMKIINα-mediated inhibition of CaMKII activity and p27-dependent pathways in controlling tumor cell growth and cell cycle and imply a potential application of hCaMKIINα in the therapeutics of colon cancers.
 
 
 
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