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Articles by Xingdong Zhang
Total Records ( 1 ) for Xingdong Zhang
  Bo Li , Xuening Chen , Bo Guo , Xinlong Wang , Hongsong Fan and Xingdong Zhang
  Microwave heating was applied to fabricate interconnective porous structured bodies by foaming as-synthesized calcium-deficient hydroxyapatite (Ca-deficient HA) precipitate containing H2O2. The porous bodies were sintered by a microwave process with activated carbon as the embedding material to prepare nano- and submicron-structured ceramics. By comparison, conventional sintering was used to produce microstructured ceramics. The precursor particles and bulk ceramics were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), dynamic light scattering, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and mechanical testing. TEM micrographs and assessment of the size distribution showed that the needle-like precursor particles are on the nanoscale. SEM observation indicated that the ceramics formed by microwave sintering presented a structure of interconnective pores, with average grain sizes of ~86 and ~167 nm. XRD patterns and FTIR spectra confirmed the presence of carbonated biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP), and the mechanical tests showed that the ceramics formed by microwave sintering had a compressive strength comparable to that obtained by conventional methods. Rat osteoblasts were cultured on the three kinds of BCP ceramics to evaluate their biocompatibility. Compared with the microscale group formed by conventional sintering, MTT assay and ALP assay showed that nanophase scaffolds promoted cell proliferation and differentiation respectively, and SEM observation showed that the nanoscale group clearly promoted cell adhesion. The results from this study suggest that porous carbonated biphasic calcium phosphate ceramics with a nanostructure promote osteoblast adhesion, proliferation and differentiation. In conclusion, porous carbonated BCP ceramics with a nanostructure are simple and quick to prepare using microwaves and compared with those produced by conventional sintering, may be better bone graft materials.
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