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Articles by X. Zou
Total Records ( 3 ) for X. Zou
  X. Zou , Z. Deng , M. Ge , G. Dick , W. Jiang and J. Liu
  In order to obtain crustal deformations of higher spatial resolution, existing GPS networks must be densified. This densification can be carried out using single-frequency receivers at moderate costs. However, ionospheric delay handling is required in the data processing. We adapt the Satellite-specific Epoch-differenced Ionospheric Delay model (SEID) for GPS networks with mixed single- and dual-frequency receivers. The SEID model is modified to utilize the observations from the three nearest dual-frequency reference stations in order to avoid contaminations from more remote stations. As data of only three stations are used, an efficient missing data constructing approach with polynomial fitting is implemented to minimize data losses. Data from large scale reference networks extended with single-frequency receivers can now be processed, based on the adapted SEID model. A new data processing scheme is developed in order to make use of existing GPS data processing software packages without any modifications. This processing scheme is evaluated using a sub-network of the German SAPOS network. The results verify that the new scheme provides an efficient way to densify existing GPS networks with single-frequency receivers.
  Y Wu , X Feng , Y Jin , Z Wu , W Hankey , C Paisie , L Li , F Liu , S. H Barsky , W Zhang , R Ganju and X. Zou

The natural compound indole-3-carbinol (I3C; found in vegetables of the genus Brassica) is a promising cancer prevention or therapy agent. The cell division cycle 25A (Cdc25A) phosphatase is overexpressed in a variety of human cancers and other diseases. In the present study, I3C induced degradation of Cdc25A, arrest of the G1 cell cycle, and inhibition of the growth of breast cancer cells. We also showed that the Ser124 site of Cdc25A, which is related to cyclin-dependent kinase 2, is required for I3C-induced degradation of Cdc25A in breast cancer cells, and that interruption of the ATM-Chk2 pathway suppressed I3C-induced destruction of Cdc25A. Our in vivo studies of different mutated forms of Cdc25A found that the mutation Cdc25AS124A (Ser124 to Ala124), which confers resistance to I3C-induced degradation of Cdc25A, attenuated I3C inhibition of breast tumorigenesis in a mouse xenograft model. The present in vitro and in vivo studies together show that I3C-induced activation of the ATM-Chk2 pathway and degradation of Cdc25A represent a novel molecular mechanism of I3C in arresting the G1 cell cycle and inhibiting the growth of breast cancer cells. The finding that I3C induces Cdc25A degradation underscores the potential use of this agent for preventing and treating cancers and other human diseases with Cdc25A overexpression. Cancer Prev Res; 3(7); 818–28. ©2010 AACR.

  S.M. Zhou , J. Tian , R. Sun , W.F. Shi , Z.G. Peng and X. Zou

Background: Rejection in renal transplantation is the most frequent event causing transplant failure. It is important to identify parameters to predict rejection, which are helpful in a timely fashion.

Methods: Fifty-nine renal transplant recipients were divided into two groups: group 1 (stable renal function) and group 2 (acute rejection episodes). The levels of HLA-A mRNA in peripheral blood lymphocytes (both pre- and posttransplantation) were measured by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH) as an internal reference. The TEST software was used to analyze the relative expressions of HLA-A mRNA.

Results: There was no statistical significance between features of the two groups pretransplant versus normal controls. Posttransplant, the HLA-A mRNA levels decreased significantly compared to those of pretransplant and normal control individuals. The levels of HLA-A mRNA among the 10 patients with acute rejection episodes were significantly increased. There was no significant change in the lymphocyte populations in the early stage of an acute rejection episode compared with the prerejection value.

Conclusion: HLA-A mRNA expression was strongly correlated with immune status. The HLA-A mRNA levels may provide an effective and reliable indicator to predict acute rejection episodes in renal transplantation.
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