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Articles by X. Ma
Total Records ( 6 ) for X. Ma
  C. Hu , W. Jia , R. Zhang , C. Wang , J. Lu , H. Wu , Q. Fang , X. Ma and K. Xiang


Aims  Retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) is a newly discovered adipokine, which plays a role in insulin resistance and obesity. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between genetic variants of the RBP4 gene, circulating RBP4 concentrations and phenotypes related to glucose and lipid metabolism in the Chinese population.

Methods  We sequenced exons and the putative promoter region to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the RBP4 gene in 32 Chinese subjects. Additional SNPs were selected from a public database to increase marker density. Taking account of the pairwise linkage disequilibrium and minor allele frequencies, a subset of SNPs was further genotyped in 255 Type 2 diabetic patients and 372 normal control subjects. Circulating RBP4 concentrations and phenotypes related to glucose and lipid metabolism were measured.

Results  Ten SNPs were identified and five were further genotyped in the full sample. No individual SNP was significantly associated with Type 2 diabetes, but a rare haplotype CAA formed by +5388 C>T, +8201 T>A and +8204 T>A was more frequent in diabetic patients (P = 0.0343, empirical P = 0.0659 on 10 000 permutations). In both groups, non-coding SNPs were associated with circulating RBP4 concentrations (P < 0.05). In the normal control subjects, the SNP +5388 C>T was associated with serum C-peptide levels both fasting and 2 h after an oral glucose tolerance test (P = 0.0162 and P = 0.0075, respectively).

Conclusion  Our findings suggest that genetic variants in the RBP4 gene may be associated with circulating RBP4 concentration and phenotypes related to glucose metabolism.

  D. Li , X. Hou , X. Ma , W. Zong , X. Shao , H. Lu , K. Xiang and W. Jia
  Aims  The overwhelming majority of subjects with normal glucose regulation have the highest plasma glucose concentration at 30 minutes during oral glucose tolerance. We aimed to examine the association between increment of 30-min post-challenge glucose and albuminuria in participants with normal glucose regulation.

Methods  A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in six communities in Shanghai between 2007 and 2008. A total of 3508 subjects with normal glucose regulation had complete data and were enrolled into the analysis. Among the selected subjects, only 1525 individuals (581 men, 944 women) were examined for their serum insulin levels. We assessed post-challenge blood glucose and insulin at 0, 30 and 120 min, urinary albumin and creatinine. The 30-min post-challenge glucose increment (Δ) was calculated as 30-min post-challenge glucose minus fasting plasma glucose, and albumin/creatinine ratio was used to reflect urinary albumin excretion.

Results  Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that the Δ30-min post-challenge glucose was independently associated with increased albumin/creatinine ratio in men with normal glucose regulation (OR = 1.08, = 0.025), but not in women. Furthermore, multivariable linear regression analysis revealed that early-phase glucose disposition index was the main factor responsible for Δ30-min post-challenge glucose and explained 14-20% of the variance of Δ30-min post-challenge glucose in the two subgroups (< 0.05). Notably, men had higher Δ30-min post-challenge glucose and lower early-phase glucose disposition index than women (all P < 0.001).

Conclusions  The 30-min post-challenge plasma glucose increment is associated with urine albumin excretion in men with normal glucose regulation.

  R. Zhang , F. Jiang , C. Hu , W. Yu , J. Wang , C. Wang , X. Ma , S. Tang , Y. Bao , K. Xiang and W. Jia
  Aims  Metabolic disorders are independent risk factors for the development of Type 2 diabetes. The aim of the study is to test the association of LPIN1 variants with Type 2 diabetes and clinical characteristics in large samples of the Chinese population.

Methods  In the first stage, 15 single nucleotide polymorphisms within the LPIN1 region were selected and genotyped in 3700 Chinese Han participants. In the second stage, the single nucleotide polymorphisms showing significant association or trends towards association were genotyped in an additional 3122 samples for replication. Meta-analyses and genotype-phenotype association studies were performed after combining the data from the two stages.

Results  In the first stage, we detected that rs16857876 was significantly associated with Type 2 diabetes with an odds ratio of 0.806 (95% CI 0.677-0.958, P = 0.015), while rs11695610 showed a trend with Type 2 diabetes (odds ratio 0.846, 95% CI 0.709-1.009, P = 0.062). In the second stage, a similar effect of rs11695610 on Type 2 diabetes was observed (odds ratio 0.849, 95% CI 0.700-1.030, P = 0.096). The meta-analyses combining the information from the two stages showed a significant effect of rs11695610 on Type 2 diabetes with an odds ratio of 0.847 (95% CI 0.744-0.965, P = 0.012). Finally, the phenotype-genotype association analyses showed that rs11695610 was associated with 2-h plasma glucose (P = 0.040) and triglyceride levels (P = 0.034).

Conclusions  Our data implied that common single nucleotide polymorphisms within the LPIN1 region were associated with Type 2 diabetes and metabolic traits in the Chinese population.

  X. Ma , C. Jiang and D. Gao
  The traditional predictive functional control usually used a first-order plus time delay prediction model because of the complexity about the control rule’s deduction, which cannot descript completely the high order plus large time delay object widespread in the industrial production process. In this study, second-order plus time delay prediction model is used against the problem mentioned above and the control rule is deduced through the solution of generalized Fibonacci sequence. The experiment results have shown that the dynamic response performance of the controller using the second-order plus time delay prediction model is improved significantly and the control effect is better than that of fist-order plus time delay prediction model.
  X. Ma and D. Gao
  The problem of the sensor placement is an important studying direction in the study of the safety monitoring and controlling system to excogitating how to reach the maximal performance of the detecting and monitoring net of the sensor based on the minimal cost, in which the basic studying content is the problem of the minimal sensor placement. An algorithm of the minimal sensor placement is put forward based on a kind of quantitative model using for the description of the complex system which can offer a sensor net with minimal freedoms of the complex system. The qualitative model is called directed graph has the ability to describe the deep influence relations in the complex system which is used as the model to describe the monitored system. The procedures of the algorithm based on the directed graph is described in detail which is a basis to study the optimal placement based on the different performance target such as the reliability, the economics, etc. to help achieving better effect of the safety monitoring and controlling system. A case study is provided to proving the validity and the easiness to understand about the algorithm.
  S Lu , Y. M Xie , X Li , J Luo , X. Q Shi , X Hong , Y. H Pan and X. Ma

TH2B, an important testis histone, plays a key role in remodeling chromatin structure during spermatogenesis. We present a detailed study of post-translational modifications (PTMs) of histone TH2B from different developmental stages of sperm cells, using a combination of high performance liquid chromatography, enzymatic Glu-c digestions of peptides, liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LC–MS) and LC–MS/MS analysis. The results showed modification patterns of the intact histone TH2B during spermatogenesis. Acetylated TH2B was most abundant in spermatogonia (28.9%) when compared with the spermatocytes (8.3%) and round spermatids (11.2%). Several new PTMs of TH2B were identified. In spermatogonia, spermatocytes and round spermatids, T116 and K117, were modified by phosphorylation and methylation, respectively, forming a novel ‘phospho switch’ site. The identified modification patterns of histone TH2B in spermatogenic cells provides a basis for future studies on histone coding and epigenetic regulation during spermatogenesis.

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