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Articles by X. Guo
Total Records ( 3 ) for X. Guo
  K Dong , Q Li , C Liu , Y Zhang , G Zhao and X. Guo

Motility and chemotaxis systems are critical for the virulence of leptospires. There were multiple copies of putative chemotaxis homologs located at leptospires large chromosome. CheB1 and CheB3 from Leptospira interrogans strain Lai are predicted to have a global CheB-like domain, but CheB2 is predicted to have a C-terminal effector domain only. In order to verify the function of three putative cheB genes, they were cloned into pQE31 vector and then expressed, respectively, in wild-type Escherichia coli strain RP437 and cheB defective strain RP4972. The results of swarming assays and the predicted ternary structures of CheB1 and CheB3 of L. interrogans strain Lai suggested that the absence of an N-terminal regulatory domain may be one of the reasons for the failure of CheB2 to complement an E. coli cheB mutant. Furthermore, CheB2 links solely to CheR1 and CheR3 in the interaction network of leptospires. Taken together, these results indicated that CheB2 may not function alone, and under certain physiological conditions, it may require CheB3 and CheR1 to function. The existence of multiple copies of chemotaxis gene homologs suggested that L. interrogans strain Lai might have a more complex chemosensory pathway.

  Y Zhou , P Lin , Q Li , L Han , H Zheng , Y Wei , Z Cui , Y Ni and X. Guo

Sputum is the most common sample collected from patients suffering from lower respiratory tract infections and it is crucial for the bacterial identification of these infections. In this study, we enrolled 101 sputum samples from 101 patients with lower respiratory tract infections. Initially, pyrosequencing of the 16S rDNA V3 hypervariable regions of the bacteria contained in the sputum was utilized as a culture-independent approach for microbiota analysis. For comparison, clinical laboratory tests using a culture-dependent automated bacterial identification system for the same cohort of sputum samples were also done. By pyrosequencing, >70,000 DNA fragments were found and classified into 129 bacterial genera after being analyzed by the Ribosomal Database Project (RDP) process. Most sequences belonged to several predominant genera, such as Streptococcus and Staphylococcus, indicating that these genera play an important role in lower respiratory tract infections. In addition, some sequences belonging to potential causative agents, such as Mycoplasma, Haemophilus, and Moraxella, were also found, but these sequences were not found by clinical laboratory tests. For the nine genera detected by both methods, the methods' sensitivities were compared and the results showed that pyrosequencing was more sensitive, except for Klebsiella and Mycobacterium. Significantly, this method revealed much more complicated bacterial communities and it showed a promising ability for the detection of bacteria.

  P.G. Li , M. Lei , Y.X. Du , X. Guo and W.H. Tang
  In this paper, GaN nanoparticles were firstly synthesized through a facile solid-state reaction using an organic reagent cyanamide (CN2H2) and Ga2O3 as precursors. The structural properties were investigated in detail. It is found that these nanoparticles having average size of 40nm were N-deficient with the N vacancies reaching as high as 12%. The Raman scattering spectrum of these nanoparticles presented some interesting features. The room-temperature frequency spectrum of the relative dielectric constant r was measured and indicated that these nanoparticles exhibited sharp enhancement at low frequency range comparing with GaN nanomaterials and N-deficient microparticles. It is thought both the rotation direction polarization (RDP) and the space charge polarization (SCP) process should be responsible for the enhancement of r in these N-deficient GaN nanoparticles.
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