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Articles by X Tao
Total Records ( 3 ) for X Tao
  R Bao , C. J Lai , H Qu , D Wang , L Yin , B Zifcak , R Atoyan , J Wang , M Samson , J Forrester , S DellaRocca , G. X Xu , X Tao , H. X Zhai , X Cai and C. Qian
 

Purpose: We designed and synthesized CUDC-305, an HSP90 inhibitor of the novel imidazopyridine class. Here, we report its unique pharmacologic properties and antitumor activities in a variety of tumor types.

Experimental Design: The potency of the compound was analyzed by fluorescence polarization competition binding assay. Its antiproliferative activities were assessed in 40 human cancer cell lines. Its pharmacologic properties and antitumor activities were evaluated in a variety of tumor xenograft models.

Results: CUDC-305 shows high affinity for HSP90/β (IC50, ~100 nmol/L) and HSP90 complex derived from cancer cells (IC50, 48.8 nmol/L). It displays potent antiproliferative activity against a broad range of cancer cell lines (mean IC50, 220 nmol/L). CUDC-305 exhibits high oral bioavailability (96.0%) and selective retention in tumor (half-life, 20.4 hours) compared with normal tissues. Furthermore, CUDC-305 can cross blood-brain barrier and reach therapeutic levels in brain tissue. CUDC-305 exhibits dose-dependent antitumor activity in an s.c. xenograft model of U87MG glioblastoma and significantly prolongs animal survival in U87MG orthotopic model. CUDC-305 also displays potent antitumor activity in animal models of erlotinib-resistant non–small cell lung cancer and induces tumor regression in animal models of MDA-MB-468 breast cancer and MV4-11 acute myelogenous leukemia. Correlating with its efficacy in these various tumor models, CUDC-305 robustly inhibits multiple signaling pathways, including PI3K/AKT and RAF/MEK/ERK, and induces apoptosis. In combination studies, CUDC-305 enhances the antitumor activity of standard-of-care agents in breast and colorectal tumor models.

Conclusion: CUDC-305 is a promising drug candidate for the treatment of a variety of cancers, including brain malignancies.

  N. R Treff , B Levy , J Su , L. E Northrop , X Tao and R. T. Scott
 

Many studies estimate that chromosomal mosaicism within the cleavage-stage human embryo is high. However, comparison of two unique methods of aneuploidy screening of blastomeres within the same embryo has not been conducted and may indicate whether mosaicism has been overestimated due to technical inconsistency rather than the biological phenomena. The present study investigates the prevalence of chromosomal abnormality and mosaicism found with two different single cell aneuploidy screening techniques. Thirteen arrested cleavage-stage embryos were studied. Each was biopsied into individual cells (n = 160). The cells from each embryo were randomized into two groups. Those destined for FISH-based aneuploidy screening (n = 75) were fixed, one cell per slide. Cells for SNP microarray-based aneuploidy screening (n = 85) were put into individual tubes. Microarray was significantly more reliable (96%) than FISH (83%) for providing an interpretable result (P = 0.004). Markedly different results were obtained when comparing microarray and FISH results from individual embryos. Mosaicism was significantly less commonly observed by microarray (31%) than by FISH (100%) (P = 0.0005). Although FISH evaluated fewer chromosomes per cell and fewer cells per embryo, FISH still displayed significantly more unique genetic diagnoses per embryo (3.2 ± 0.2) than microarray (1.3 ± 0.2) (P < 0.0001). This is the first prospective, randomized, blinded and paired comparison between microarray and FISH-based aneuploidy screening. SNP microarray-based 24 chromosome aneuploidy screening provides more complete and consistent results than FISH. These results also suggest that FISH technology may overestimate the contribution of mitotic error to the origin of aneuploidy at the cleavage stage of human embryogenesis.

 
 
 
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