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Articles by X Su
Total Records ( 2 ) for X Su
  P Ouyang , Y Jiang , H. M Doan , L Xie , D Vasquez , R Welti , X Su , N Lu , B Herndon , S. S Yang , R Jeannotte and W. Wang
 

Exercise has been linked to a reduced cancer risk in animal models. However, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. This study assessed the effect of exercise with dietary consideration on the phospholipid profile in 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)–induced mouse skin tissues. CD-1 mice were randomly assigned to one of the three groups: ad libitum–fed sedentary control; ad libitum–fed treadmill exercise at 13.4 m/min for 60 min/d, 5 d/wk (Ex+AL); and treadmill-exercised but pair-fed with the same amount as the control (Ex+PF). After 14 weeks, Ex+PF but not Ex+AL mice showed ~25% decrease in both body weight and body fat when compared with the controls. Of the total 338 phospholipids determined by electrospray ionization–tandem mass spectrometry, 57 were significantly changed, and 25 species could distinguish effects of exercise and diet treatments in a stepwise discriminant analysis. A 36% to 75% decrease of phosphatidylinositol (PI) levels in Ex+PF mice occurred along with a significant reduction of PI 3-kinase in TPA-induced skin epidermis, as measured by both Western blotting and immunohistochemistry. In addition, ~2-fold increase of the long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, docosahexaenoic and docosapentaenoic acids, in phosphatidylcholines, phosphatidylethanolamines, and lysophosphatidylethanolamines was observed in the Ex+PF group. Microarray analysis indicated that the expression of fatty acid elongase-1 increased. Taken together, these data indicate that exercise with controlled dietary intake, but not exercise alone, significantly reduced body weight and body fat as well as modified the phospholipid profile, which may contribute to cancer prevention by reducing TPA-induced PI 3-kinase and by enhancing -3 fatty acid elongation. Cancer Prev Res; 3(4); 466–77

  M. K Friedberg , X Su , W Tworetzky , B. D Soriano , A. J Powell and G. R. Marx
  Background—

Quantitative assessment and validation of left ventricular (LV) volumes and mass in neonates and infants with complex congenital heart disease (CHD) is important for clinical management but has not been undertaken. We compared matrix-array 3D echocardiography (3D echo) measurements of volumes, mass, and ejection fraction (EF) with those measured by cardiac MRI in young patients with CHD and small LVs because of either young age or LV hypoplasia.

Methods and Results—

Thirty-five patients aged <4 years (median, 0.8 years) undergoing MRI were prospectively enrolled. Three-dimensional echo was acquired immediately after MRI, and volume, mass, and EF measurements, using summation of discs methodology, were compared with MRI. Three-dimensional echo end-diastolic volume (24.4±15.7 versus 24.8±46.4 mL; P=0.01; intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC], 0.96) and end-systolic volume (12.3±8.6 versus 9.6±6.8 mL; P<0.001; ICC, 0.90) correlated with MRI with small mean differences (–0.49 mL [P=0.6] and 2.7 mL [P=0.001], respectively). Three-dimensional echo EF was smaller than MRI by 9.3% (P<0.001), and 3D echo LV mass measurements were comparable to MRI (17.3±10.3 versus 17.6±12 g; P<0.77; ICC, 0.93), with a small mean difference (1.1 g; P=0.28). There was good intra- and interobserver reliability for all measurements.

Conclusions—

In neonates and infants with CHD and small LVs (age appropriate or hypoplastic), matrix-array 3D echo measurements of mass and volumes compare well with MRI, providing an important modality for ventricular size and performance analysis in these patients, particularly in those with left-side heart obstructive lesions.

 
 
 
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