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Articles by X Qian
Total Records ( 2 ) for X Qian
  L Guo , W Ying , J Zhang , Y Yuan , X Qian , J Wang , X Yang and F. He

Mutations in the TSC1 and TSC2 genes lead to tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), which is characterized clinically by mental retardation, epilepsy, and benign tumors affecting multiple tissues. Numerous components of the TSC protein complex remain uncharacterized. Here we report the purification of the TSC1 complex under physiological conditions using a proteomic strategy. We purified the TSC1 protein complex using a tandem affinity purification method and identified a protein complex containing 139 components. Two known binding proteins of TSC1 (TSC2 and DOCK7) were identified along with other new potential partners, which cover reported and novel TSC1 functional categories. Bioinformatics and biochemical methods were used to evaluate the observed protein–protein interactions. A comparative analysis with a published expression proteomics/genomics study of TSC1 revealed more than 20 common candidates that might be functionally relevant. The data set provides new directions in which to expand our knowledge of the functions of TSC1 and the mechanisms of TSC. The results are highly reliable, which is reflected by the identification of a few reported partners of TSC1 and many TSC1/2-regulated proteins. Interestingly, many new functional categories were identified, such as DNA repair, which provide novel hints to the function of TSC1. Moreover, a few neuronal disease-related proteins that might regulate the normal functions of neurons were identified. Thus, the results suggest that many of the new interactions should be biologically significance. It will be interesting to further investigate the regulatory mechanisms of these components.

  M Wang , J. J Wang , J Li , K Park , X Qian , J. x Ma and S. X. Zhang

We previously reported that circulating levels of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF), a newly identified adipokine, are increased in patients with type 2 diabetes, correlating with body mass index. However, the role of PEDF in adipogenesis remains elusive. In the present study, we have investigated the effects and mechanisms of PEDF on adipocyte differentiation in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. Differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes was induced in the presence or absence of human recombinant PEDF protein. The effects of PEDF on adipogenic gene expression, mitotic clonal expansion (MCE), and MAPK activation were investigated. Physiological concentrations of human PEDF protein inhibited adipocyte differentiation, evidenced by decreased lipid accumulation, downregulation of adipocyte markers, and inhibition of master adipogenic transcription factors such as C/EBP- and PPAR. The antiadipogenic effects of PEDF were observed only when PEDF was added to the cells on day 0, but not on day 3 during differentiation, suggesting that PEDF targets some early adipogenic events. Similarly, overexpression of PEDF by adenovirus attenuated adipocyte differentiation. Further studies revealed that PEDF, or U-0126, a specific MAPK/ERK inhibitor, sequentially inhibited the early activation of ERK and MCE. Moreover, PEDF attenuated expression and the phosphorylation of C/EBP-β at Thr188, an essential step for transcriptional activation of C/EBP-β. In addition, PEDF expression was decreased significantly in the first 24 h during adipocyte differentiation, suggesting that downregulation of PEDF may be essential for the initiation of MCE and adipogenesis. We conclude that PEDF inhibits adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes partially because of inhibition of the MAPK/ERK signaling pathway and MCE.

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