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Articles by X Liao
Total Records ( 2 ) for X Liao
  S. H You , X Liao , R. E Weiss and M. A. Lazar

Thyroid hormone (TH) plays a critical role in development, growth, and metabolism by binding to nuclear TH receptors to modulate gene expression. In the absence of TH, TH receptors repress genes that are TH-activated by recruiting the nuclear receptor corepressor (NCoR), which exists in a tight complex with histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3). Here we explored the actions of TH in the deacetylase activating domain mutant (DADm) mouse, whose NCoR-HDAC3 interaction is genetically disrupted. Several TH-activated genes were derepressed in the liver of euthyroid and hypothyroid DADm mice, consistent with the corepressor paradigm and a critical role of the NCoR-HDAC3 interaction in basal repression. The role of corepressors in genes that are down-regulated by TH is less well understood. Remarkably, circulating TSH levels were increased in euthyroid DADm mice, and the pituitary expression of TSH, a classic TH-down-regulated gene, was modestly but significantly elevated regardless of TH status. Thus, the NCoR interaction with HDAC3 modulates expression of both positively- and negatively-regulated genes by TH in vivo.

  J Deng , X Liao , J Hu , X Leng , J Cheng and G. Zhao

In contrast to animal ferritin, relatively little information is available on phytoferritin. Black bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) has been consumed in many countries. In the present study, new ferritin from black bean seed was purified by two consecutive anion exchange and size exclusion chromatography. The apparent molecular mass of the native black bean seed ferritin (BSF) was found to be ~560 kDa by native PAGE analysis. N-terminal sequence, MALDI-TOF-MS and MS/MS analyses indicate that BSF and soybean seed ferritin (SSF) share very high identity in amino acid sequence. However, SDS–PAGE result indicates that BSF consists of 26.5 (H-1) and 28.0 kDa (H-2) subunits with a ratio of 2 : 1, while the ratio of these two subunits in SSF is 1 : 1. This result demonstrates that the two proteins have different subunit composition which might affect their activities in iron uptake and release. Indeed, at high iron flux, the initial rate of iron oxidative deposition in apoBSF is larger than that in apoSSF. On the contrary, the iron release from BSF is significantly slower than that from SSF. All these results indicate that phytoferritin might regulate the transit of iron into and out of the protein cavity by changing its subunit composition.

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