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Articles by X Du
Total Records ( 3 ) for X Du
  Y Yuan , W Zhang , R Yan , Y Liao , L Zhao , C Ruan , X Du and K. Dai
 

Rationale: The interaction between platelet glycoprotein (GP) Ib-IX and von Willebrand factor (VWF) is initiated by conformational changes in immobilized VWF and is also regulated by the intraplatelet proteins 14-3-3 and filamin A. Both 14-3-3 and filamin A associate with the cytoplasmic domain of GPIb, whereas little is known about their relationship in regulating the VWF binding function of GPIb-IX.

Objective: To explore the mechanism underlying the roles of 14-3-3 and filamin A in regulating the VWF binding function of GPIb-IX.

Methods and Results: A truncation mutant of GPIb (565) deleting the C-terminal 14-3-3 binding sites retained 14-3-3 binding function, in contrast, deletion of the C-terminal residues 551 to 610 of GPIb totally abolished 14-3-3 binding, indicating that the residues 551 to 564 of GPIb are important in the interaction between 14-3-3 and GPIb-IX. An antibody recognizing phosphorylated R557GpSLP561 sequence reacted with GPIb suggesting phosphorylation of a population of GPIb molecules at Ser559, and a membrane permeable phosphopeptide (MP-P), R557GpSLP561 corresponding to residues 557 to 561 of GPIb eliminated the association of 14-3-3 with 565. MP-P also promoted GPIb-IX association with the membrane skeleton, and inhibited ristocetin-induced platelet agglutination, VWF binding to platelets and platelet adhesion to immobilized VWF. Furthermore, a GPIb-IX mutant replacing Ser559 of GPIb with alanine showed an enhanced association with the membrane skeleton, reduced ristocetin-induced VWF binding, and diminished ability to mediate cell adhesion to VWF under flow conditions.

Conclusions: These data suggest a phosphorylation-dependent binding of 14-3-3 to central filamin A binding site of GPIb, and the dimeric 14-3-3 binding to both the C-terminal site and central RGpSLP site inhibits GPIb-IX association with the membrane skeleton and promotes the VWF binding function of GPIb-IX.

  R. J Bodnar , C. C Yates , M. E Rodgers , X Du and A. Wells
  Richard J. Bodnar, Cecelia C. Yates, Margaret E. Rodgers, Xiaoping Du, and Alan Wells

The signals that prune the exuberant vascular growth of tissue repair are still ill defined. We demonstrate that activation of CXC chemokine receptor 3 (CXCR3) mediates the regression of newly formed blood vessels. We present evidence that CXCR3 is expressed on newly formed vessels in vivo and in vitro. CXCR3 is expressed on vessels at days 7-21 post-wounding, and is undetectable in unwounded or healed skin. Treatment of endothelial cords with CXCL10 (IP-10), a CXCR3 ligand present during the resolving phase of wounds, either in vitro or in vivo caused dissociation even in the presence of angiogenic factors. Consistent with this, mice lacking CXCR3 express a greater number of vessels in wound tissue compared to wild-type mice. We then hypothesized that signaling from CXCR3 not only limits angiogenesis, but also compromises vessel integrity to induce regression. We found that activation of CXCR3 triggers µ-calpain activity, causing cleavage of the...

  X Du , Z Chen , W Li , Y Tan , J Lu , X Zhu , T Zhao , G Dong and L. Zeng
 

The objectives of this study are to establish microsatellite loci for the Mongolian gerbil based on mouse microsatellite DNA sequences and to investigate genetic variation in the laboratory gerbil (Capital Medical University, CMU) and 2 wild gerbil populations (from Yin Chuan city [YIN] and the Hohehot Municipality [HOH]). In total, 536 mouse microsatellite markers were chosen to identify polymorphic dinucleotide repeat loci in the gerbil by cross-amplification. Of these markers, 313 (58.39%) have been discretely amplified from the CMU laboratory gerbil and been sequenced. Of the 313 sequenced markers, 130 were confirmed as simple sequence repeat (SSR) loci in the gerbil. In total, 6 of those newly identified loci plus 6 identified in previous reports were used to estimate the genetic polymorphism for 30 laboratory gerbils and 54 wild gerbils (27 each of the HOH and YIN groups). A total of 29 alleles were observed in the 3 populations, and 11 of 12 loci (91.67%) are polymorphic markers. Nei's standard genetic distances of 0.0592 (CMU vs. HOH) and 0.1033 (CMU vs. YIN) were observed. The averages of observed versus expected heterozygosity are 0.5231/0.4008, 0.5051/0.3882, and 0.4825/0.3665 for the YIN, HOH, and CMU populations, respectively. These results show that cross-amplification using mouse microsatellite primers is an efficient way to identify gerbil SSR loci. By using these 12 selected markers, we have demonstrated that genetic variation level within the CMU population is higher than that has been reported previously and are comparable with the levels found in 2 wild populations.

 
 
 
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