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Articles by W.P. Mshelia
Total Records ( 3 ) for W.P. Mshelia
  S.M. Samdi , J.N. Abenga , B. Wayo , W.P. Mshelia , D. Musa , M.K. Haruna , B.U. Musa , I. Bala and K. Adeyemi
  The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence of trypanosomosis in a semi sedentry herd on a farm in Angwan Ninzom Keffin local government area of Nassarawa state. The complicating role of mechanical transmitters and reservoirs of infection in the epidemiology of trypanosomosis was reviewed. A total of sixty eight blood samples collected at random and examined using the parasitological method and concentration method Haematocrit Centrifugation Technique (HCT) and Buffy Coat Method (BCM) and Giemsa stained thin films made after BCM examination. The overall infection rate of 5.5% was recorded in the herd while infection rate of 10% occured in the bulls and 5.2% was observed in cows. The average Packed Cell Volume (PCV) of infected animal appeared lower (26±1.7) than the average Packed Cell Volume (PCV) of non infected (control) (35±0.6) and these values were statistically significant at (p<0.05). Half of the herd showed Lacrimation, Pallour of the mucous membranes, dry muzzle and pyrexia, progressive emaciation despite normal appetite, the above mentioned clinical signs were in variation. However, emaciation was observed in 26 (38.3%) of herd along with a normal appetite and all the infected animal appeared emaciated. The trypanosome encounted were T. vivax (75%) and T. brucie (25%). The presence of biting flies (Tabanus sp., Stomoxy sp. etc.) on the farm were noted.
  S.M. Samdi , A.O. Fajinmi , J.O. Kalejaye , B. Wayo , M.K. Haruna , J.E. Yarnap , W.P. Mshelia , A.O. Usman , S.M. Hamra , A. Jijitar , R. Ogunwole , R.P. Ovbagbedia and R. Bizi
  The aim of this study was to collect information on trypanosomiasis as government and international donors funding for area wide survey has decreased. It is also to determine the prevalence of Trypanosomosis in slaughtered animals at different periods at the beginning (May), peak(August) and after (November) the rainy season. A total of 634 samples were collected and parasitologically examined using standard Trypanosome detection technique (STD) and concentration methods (HCT and BCM) for parasite detection. Physical examination of animals was carried out at slaughter. The overall infection rate was 2.2% while infection rate in males (2.7%) appeared higher than females (1.5%). The trypanosome species observed were T. congolense (50%), T. brucei (21.4%), T. vivax (14.2%) as single infections and T. congolense/T. brucei (7.1%,) and T. congolense/T. vivax (7.1%) as a mixed infections. The infection rates at the beginning (3.8%) appeared higher than the infection rates after (2.5%) and the peak (0.4%) of the rainy season. The packed cell volume of the infected (23.1±1.9) appeared significantly (p<0.05) lower than the packed cell volume of control (36.5±1.1). Also, it was noted that 142 (22%) of sampled animals were grossly emaciated and 57% of the animals found positive were emaciated and weak. This survey does not reflect the true prevalence but rather it provides significant information on the upsurge of trypanosomosis.
  P.H. Mamman , W.P. Mshelia and I.E. Fadimu
  This study was carried out to isolate possible aerobic bacteria and fungi that may be associated with cases of ulcerative lymphangitis in horses in Kano metropolis and also carry out an antimicrobial susceptibility tests on the bacteria isolated. In this study, 36 wound swabs were collected from horses with clinical cases of ulcerative lymphangitis in Kano metropolis, Nigeria for purposes of culture, isolation and identification of bacterial and fungal organisms associated with the disease. Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis, Staphylococcus sp. and Streptococcus sp. were isolated with frequencies of 22.22, 30.56 and 11.11%, respectively; 36.11% of the samples yielded no bacterial isolates. 38.46% of the fungal organisms isolated were Aspergillus fumigatus, 26.92% were Aspergillus niger, 23.08% were Mucor sp. and 11.54% were Trichophyton sp. The antibiotic sensitivity carried out on the bacterial isolates showed fluroquinolones (ciprofloxacin and perfloxacin) and amoxicillin to be the most effective against most of the organisms isolated but at varying degrees. In this study, both bacteria and fungi were implicated in the disease process of ulcerative lymphangitis in Kano, Nigeria and the breeds most affected were: the ‘Arewa’, ‘Sudan’ and ‘Talon’ breeds (all Arabian cross in nature). In the treatment of ulcerative lymphangitis, an antimicrobial sensitivity should be carried out in order to ascertain the most sensitive drug(s) to be used and where this is not possible, the fluoroquinolones or the penicillins could be used alongside anti-mycotic agents.
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