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Articles by W. Khamas
Total Records ( 2 ) for W. Khamas
  Khalid K. Kadhim , A.B.Z. Zuki , M.M. Noordin , S.A. Babjee and W. Khamas
  The digestive organs of Malaysian Village Fowl (MVF) and Broiler Breed (BB) differ in body weight were studied grossly and histologically. Weight of digestive organs and length of small intestine were obtained from fifty male from each breed euthanased from first day after hatch to 4 months. At day 20 body weight of BB was five times greater than those of MVF. The differences between breeds for the weight of vitelline residue, proventriculus, gizzard, liver, pancreas, weight and length of small intestine segments for the absolute and relative to body weight at day one were also obtained. The liver, pancreas and intestinal segments of the two breeds showed increased in relative weight at the 10 days post-hatch and after that the relationship were reversed. At days 20-4 months post-hatch, all organs relative weight of MVF increased except jejunum in 56-120 days and ileum in 56 days. The same patterns observed for intestinal length in both breeds. Day one post-hatch relative lengths of all intestinal segments in MVF were higher than BB. The latter was dominantly showed larger proventricular glands, gizzard glands and gizzard lining membrane. In BB, the villi heights of intestinal mucosa were higher than that of MVF, except in ileum at days 20 and 56 post-hatch. The villus surface areas were constantly greater in BB, the crypt depths were greater in BB, except in 56 and 120 days. There were no different in thickness of muscularis externa in each intestinal segment at the day one and after the 20 days old.
  Khalid K. Kadhim , A.B.Z. Zuki , M.M. Noordin , S.M.A. Babjee and W. Khamas
  Thirty males of Red Jungle Fowl (RJF) were divided into 3 equal groups, euthanized at day 1, 10 and 20 days after hatching. The morphometric analyses were performed at three different magnification levels. Different segments (duodenum, jejunum and ileum) and cecum were weighted and length of each small intestinal segments and cecum were determined at a macroscopic level. The mucosa of the intestinal segments was compared and contrasted using both, light and scanning electron microscopy. The villi height, villi surface area, crypt depth and muscularis externa were measured. The body weight was doubled at 10th day and again doubled at 20th day. The weight and length of intestinal segments were significantly higher throughout the experiment except the constant rate of the duodenal and jejunal lengths after 10th days. Relative to body weight, the organs weight and length were declined after 10th days. The duodenal villi height and surface area were greater than the jejunum followed by the ileum. The muscularis externa and crypt depth increased significantly at 10th day. However, the latter showed retardation thereafter. Day one intestinal villi appeared finger-like shape with zigzag arrangement, tongue-like and leaf-like shaped in 10 and 20th days, respectively. The villi distribution and patterns in the middle region of cecum were characteristic. The epithelial cells of the duodenal villi showed more activities and development than those on the jejunum and the ileum throughout the age. The body growth in RJF progresses very slowly while the relative intestinal segment weight and length failed to follow the body weight after 10th days. The duodenal mucosa shows better developmental features than the jejunum and the ileum.
 
 
 
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