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Articles by W Zhao
Total Records ( 3 ) for W Zhao
  X. L Xu , B. C Xing , H. B Han , W Zhao , M. H Hu , Z. L Xu , J. Y Li , Y Xie , J Gu , Y Wang and Z. Q. Zhang

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is associated with a high morbidity and mortality due to its high rate of recurrence. However, little is known about the biological characteristics of recurrent HCC cells. A single patient's primary and recurrent HCC-derived cell lines, Hep-11 and Hep-12, respectively, were established by primary culture. These two cell lines have the same hepatitis B virus integration site and share many common amplifications and deletions, which suggest that they have the same clonal origin. While Hep-11 cells were non-tumorigenic at 16 weeks following injection of up to 10 000 cells, injection of only 100 Hep-12 cells was sufficient to initiate tumor growth, and all single Hep-12 clones were tumorigenic in immunodeficient mice. Compared with Hep-11, Hep-12 cells expressed the oval cell markers AFP, NCAM/CD56, c-kit/CD117, as well as multiple stem cell markers such as Nanog, OCT4 and SOX2. In addition, >90% of Hep-12 cells were aldehyde dehydrogenase positive. They were also less resistant to paclitaxel, but more resistant to doxorubicin, cisplatin and hydroxycamptothecin (HCPT), which had been administrated to the patient. Furthermore, Hep-12 cells expressed higher levels of poly (adenosine diphosphate-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) than Hep-11, and PARP-1 inhibition potentiated the sensitivity to HCPT in Hep-12 cells but not in Hep-11 cells. These results indicate that a large population of the recurrent HCC-derived Hep-12 cells were tumor-initiating cells and that elevated expression of PARP-1 was related to their resistance to HCPT.

  S. S Wang , L. J Martin , E. E Schadt , H Meng , X Wang , W Zhao , L Ingram Drake , M Nebohacova , M Mehrabian , T. A Drake and A. J. Lusis

Background— Disruption of the elastic lamina, as an early indicator of aneurysm formation, and vascular calcification frequently occur together in atherosclerotic lesions of humans.

Methods and Results— We now report evidence of shared genetic basis for disruption of the elastic lamina (medial disruption) and medial calcification in an F2 mouse intercross between C57BL/6J and C3H/HeJ on a hyperlipidemic apolipoprotein E (ApoE–/–) null background. We identified 3 quantitative trait loci (QTLs) on chromosomes 6, 13, and 18, which are common to both traits, and 2 additional QTLs for medial calcification on chromosomes 3 and 7. Medial disruption, including severe disruptions leading to aneurysm formation, and medial calcification were highly correlated and occurred concomitantly in the cross. The chromosome 18 locus showed a striking male sex-specificity for both traits. To identify candidate genes, we integrated data from microarray analysis, genetic segregation, and clinical traits. The chromosome 7 locus contains the Abcc6 gene, known to mediate myocardial calcification. Using transgenic complementation, we show that Abcc6 also contributes to aortic medial calcification.

Conclusions— Our data indicate that calcification, though possibly contributory, does not always lead to medial disruption and that in addition to aneurysm formation, medial disruption may be the precursor to calcification.

  Z Xiao , W Zhao , B Yang , Z Zhang , H Guan and R. J. Linhardt

Porcine intestinal mucosa heparin was partially depolymerized by recombinant heparinase 1 (heparin lyase 1, originating from Flavobacterium heparinum and expressed in Escherichia coli) and then fractionated, leading to the isolation of 22 homogeneous oligosaccharides with sizes ranging from disaccharide to hexadecasaccharide. The purity of these oligosaccharides was determined by gel electrophoresis, strong anion exchange and reversed-phase ion-pairing high-performance liquid chromatography. The molecular mass of oligosaccharides was determined using electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry and their structures were elucidated using one- and two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy at 600 MHz. Five of the characterized oligosaccharides represent new compounds. The most prominent oligosaccharide comprises the common repeating unit of heparin, UA2S-[-GlcNS6S-IdoA2S-]n-GlcNS6S, where UA is 4-deoxy--l-threo-hex-4-eno-pyranosyluronic acid, GlcN is 2-deoxy-2-amino-d-glucopyranose, IdoA is l-idopyranosyluronic acid, S is sulfate and = 0–7. A second prominent heparin oligosaccharide motif corresponds to UA2S-[GlcNS6S-IdoA2S]n-GlcNS6S-IdoA-GlcNAc6S-GlcA-GlcNS3S6S (where n = 0–5 and GlcA is d-glucopyranosyluronic acid), a fragment of the antithrombin III binding site in heparin. The prominence of this second set of oligosaccharides and the absence of intact antithrombin III binding sites suggest that the -GlcNS3S6S-IdoA2S- linkage is particularly susceptible to heparinase 1.

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