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Articles by W Wei
Total Records ( 2 ) for W Wei
  Z. J Ou , W Wei , D. D Huang , W Luo , D Luo , Z. P Wang , X Zhang and J. S. Ou

l-Arginine can attenuate pulmonary hypertension (PH) by a mechanism that are not fully understood. This study investigated the molecule mechanism of l-arginine attenuating PH. Sprague Dawley rats were treated with monocrotaline (MCT) with or without l-arginine for 3 or 5 wk. Right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP), right heart hypertrophy, survival rate, pulmonary artery wall thickness, nitric oxide (NO) concentration, and superoxide anion (O2·–) generation in the lung were measured. Expressions of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and heat shock protein 90 (HSP90), phosphorylation of eNOS at Ser1177, and the association of eNOS and HSP90 in the lung were determined by Western blot and immunoprecipitation experiments. MCT increased RVSP, right heart hypertrophy, mortality, pulmonary artery wall thickness, and O2·– generation and decreased eNOS and HSP90 expression and association, phosphorylation of eNOS at Ser1177, and NO production. l-Arginine decreased RVSP, right heart hypertrophy, mortality, O2·– generation, and pulmonary artery wall thickness and increased NO production. l-Arginine increased eNOS expression, phosphorylation of eNOS at Ser1177, and association of eNOS and HSP90 without significantly altering HSP90 expression. l-Arginine may act through three pathways, providing a substrate for NO generation, preserving eNOS expression/phosphorylation, and maintaining the association of eNOS and HSP90, which allows restoration of eNOS activity and coupling activity, to maintain the balance between NO and O2·– and delay the development of PH.

  J. X Zhang , W Wei , J. H Zhang and W. H. Yang

The possible role of uropygial gland-secreted compounds in olfactory discrimination of sex or sex attractants in the budgerigar, Melopsittacus undulatus, was investigated using behavioral 2-choice tests and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry analysis. Our data showed that female budgerigars were capable of distinguishing males from females in a Y maze via body odor, indicating its sexual dimorphism. When we conducted a chemical assay of the uropygial preen gland secretions, we found 4 times more volatile octadecanol, nonadecanol, and eicosanol in ratios in males than in females, making them putative male pheromone candidates. Female birds also showed overt preferences for the odor of male preen gland secretions or the 3-alkanol blend equivalent preened onto the plumage of a male over that of female counterparts. Removal of any one alkanol was associated with a loss of attractiveness to the female. In another test device (a test cage) with visible male bird stimulus, females chose the male with the 3-alkanol blend of males over the other male with female preen gland secretion, whereas did not differentiate their responses between the males with either this blend or male preen gland secretions. The behavioral data robustly suggested that the 3 alkanols synergistically created a female attractant odor or male pheromone in the budgerigar and that bird uropygial glands have broader implications in sexual behavior than previously known. This is the first investigation with bioassay of components of the gland in a bird species.

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